Introduction of Emancipatory Action Research Assignment
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The term "Community Skill" refers to the ability or power of overcoming difficulties, handling adverse situations, and making effective plans to solve them. By being a part of a community, one may establish a strong connection and communication with the people who are comparatively backward and cannot enjoy some facilities which are a part of human basic needs. It is a continuous process that encourages improvement and development by emerging effective positive alterations. As stated by Ordem, (2021), Emancipatory Action Research is a prospective process of gathering knowledge that may be able to derive proper benefit to the underprivileged people. There are so many communities in the UK that are left far behind in the facilities that modern society gets, they are even deprived of the basic things which are needed to survive properly. The community inhabiting Jaywick is considered one of the most underprivileged communities in the UK. This is a village that is scattered along the Clacton-on-Sea, situated in the Tendring district of Essex, England. The Emancipatory Action Research process goes through the steps of problem recognition, planning of necessary measures, and developing suitable solutions to them (Worthen et al., 2019). Thus, it may help in identifying the problems and finding effective ways that will help in achieving a sustainable better way of living for the inhabitants of Jaywick.
Background of Jaywick village
Jaywick is a coastal village that was situated in the year 1930 as a holiday destination for the people of London. In 1928, a businessman named Frank Stedman purchased the land to form pocket-friendly holiday homes for the city people so that they can spend their leisure time here. But after the second world war, most of the holiday homes have turned into permanent residences due to the residential shortage, and eventually, over time, this place has become one of the most deprived areas due to lack of maintenance and its remote and disadvantaged geographical location.
Existence of the critical situation the community is suffering from
Clacton is considered one of the most deprived areas in England As the village is situated on the north sea coast of London, the land lacks the ability for agriculture. The place also lacks the facilities of employment and often faces the risk of flooding for its adverse geographical location. Thus, the Emancipatory Action Research process should focus on developing necessary measures for solving the issues of the inhabitants so that they can get proper employment opportunities to run their living expenses. As a result of frequent flooding, most of the holiday homes are shattered and unable to live. A recent survey revealed that 57% of people in Jaywick are going through major income deprivation which clarifies that either they are not earning a single penny or they are earning too little as a result of which they find it hard to run their livelihood. The economy of this area is going through major misery since the closure of holiday homes in 1983. There are a few limitations that restrict the process of training and employment for the residents of Jaywick. These limitations mainly involve unattainable distance from the centers and overpriced public transport services to reach the venue where necessary training regarding employment and education is being provided.
Operational cycle of the Emancipatory Action Research
Any research is a continuous process of investigating, evaluating, and scrutinizing which is followed by over and over repetitions. The “Action Research Cycle'' theory in education defines research as a contemplative process of researching one's educational implementation to understand and evaluate the quality of direction. The Emancipatory Action Research (EAR) process works by following a step by step process so that it may help a community in assessing the limitations, finding fruitful techniques which might help the people of Jaywick to get rid of the problems they are suffering from, and finding possible ways of solution which will, in turn, enhance their livelihood. According to Hutton and Heath (2020), the process of EAR operates its purpose by going through the steps of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting.
Planning is the foundation of achieving anything. An action cannot be taken without the formulation of proper planning. It helps in focusing on the processes through which one can accomplish the desired goal.
Proper planning enlightens the idea of necessary actions that need to be followed to reach an awaited outcome. Once the requisite actions are identified, one should act accordingly to collect and analyze important data that will help in developing the research process as per the need of the action.
Before entering the step, one should ascertain the objective of the research and the goal that can be accomplished by doing it. After jotting down the objectives, the method of data collection should be articulated. The collection of relevant data will help in enhancing the data analysis process and in evaluating the approach of the data to the research.
The reflection of the research is all about the extensive experiences the researcher has gained after accumulating personal and academic circumstances. It clarifies all the analysis and helps the readers in identifying justified outcomes of the analysis. Thus, the reflection is a synopsis of the whole research and is considered an integral part of the entire process.
Some necessary alterations that may change the fate of the inhabitants of Jaywick
The first and most important step is to determine the problems and find their probable solutions. The idea of land reformation may serve the interest of the local people. Necessary land reforms and repairing of the devastated holiday homes will attract more tourists. The process of land reforming will help in reconstructing the broken homes and making necessary developments to make them worth living. Thus, it may help in generating more employment facilities for the inhabitants. The local government should spread their helping hands to the local people by taking necessary steps and implementing effective land reform ideas with an immediate start. Some highly tolerant crops may be produced in salty lands such as barley, sugar beet, cotton, asparagus, and spinach. By producing these crops, the community who lives in the Jaywick can earn their living expenses and it may enhance their current lifestyle. There are certainly effective ways that may improve the fertility of the land and enable agricultural productivity. Certain protein-based ion pumps help in removing sodium away from the sensitive root cells and help in crops that are high-tolerant of salt. The use of these pumps will help during the flood in removing water from the affected houses. Scraping, leaching, use of proper drainage system, application of irrigation process, and increasing the fertility of the soil by applying proper fertilizers may help in developing agriculture in the salty land.
Due to the lack of employment opportunities, living spaces, performing skills, and proper education, the young generations tend to indulge themselves in various criminal activities to come out of poverty. Thus, the inhabitants should be offered proper education and necessary skill development programs so that they can recognize their capabilities and make use of them after giving them a proper shape. It will help them to access better employment options and to get rid of severe poverty. The young people should be provided with vocational and practical training which will ensure the improvement of their basic skills so that they can work for an organization and serve their purpose (Nousheen et al., 2020).
Cycle model of communication
The "Cycle Model" model of communication is a linear framework of communication that depicts the relationship between the "sender", the "message", the media or medium, as well as the receiver in a graphical manner. "Warren Weaver" as well as " Claude Elwood Shannon" collaborated on its development. As stated by Putri, Shadiq and Putri, (2021), when it comes to communicating, it is a complicated method that takes place vocally, in writing as well as in nonverbal form, and in which the message that is being given takes place within a specific social context. In this approach, both the sender as well as the receiver can react to each other, with the responsibilities of the sender and receiver switching back and forth. As a result, the process becomes circular. Thus, the cyclic communication model believes that communication is a two-way process (Kharouf et al., 2020).
Sustainability Factors for changing the current situation at Jaywick
As opined by Derr and Simons, (2020), sustainable development is mostly recognized as a social learning process that offers some practical outcomes which help in improving the skills and motivate in achieving further advanced learning. As discussed by Sinakou, Boeve-de Pauw and Van Petegem, (2019), sustainable development should not be limited to just a subject that has been practiced in the classroom but it also should hold enough power so that its practice will help in overcoming obstacles in the greater field. In 1983, Stephen Kemmis put forth some unique ideas for promoting education which eventually became very effective in originating the ideas of environmental education and reflected the substantial education for sustainable development. In this theory, he discussed three mostly possible perspectives of education. The first one was the ‘job-slots’ view. This view focuses on spreading education among the labor that is believed to be an effective tool for social and economic improvement. Kemmis believed that this view has a huge chance of failure as it is not that flexible so it may adopt the advantages of education in the context of society and economy. According to him, the second was the 'cultured persons and survivors' view that aims at increasing ambition, uniqueness, responsibility, and ability of tolerance among the individuals by generation suitable education. Kemmis did not consider the view efficient enough as it may lack the capability of addressing inequalities among the individuals and incur injustice in promoting education fairly. Finally, Kemmis recognized the most effective view of education known as 'members of society that aims at making substantial education more powerful by transforming them in the critical context of society. This view mainly focuses on the process of making influential research that gained enough popularity and drew the attention of the educators to it over time (Agbedahin, 2019). Thus, this view promises to sustain the greatest impact on the process of development by evolving environmental education as well as spreading the need for knowledge regarding sustainable development (Leicht et al., 2018). Thus, the 'member of society' view of education will serve the best in the context of critical social acclamation. This will help in developing sustainable education among the inhabitants of Jaywick which may introduce them to better future opportunities and improved ways of living (O’Flaherty and Liddy, 2018).
The effectiveness of sustainable education and promoting proper skill-developing ideas among the people of Jaywick will help them to articulate the issues that are stopping them to gain substantial facilities and develop necessary measures that will help them to overcome them. By achieving enough knowledge, the inhabitants of Jaywick will be able to make decisions that may derive benefits to them. Some volunteer educational centers must offer help so that the people of Jaywick will get some basic educational facilities and improve their skills which will help them in attaining job opportunities. These centers should be able to spread the importance of environmental education and should take special care in educating the people about sustainable development. The volunteer organizations should help them to improve their communicative power so that they can discuss their problems with others and may reach a solution by discussing the issues with others. The people of Jaywick should gain enough confidence so that they can fight the adverse situation in the future by implementing their knowledge.
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