Learning Versus Traditional Classrooms

Cross-Cultural Considerations in Traditional Classrooms

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Introduction of online learning versus traditional classrooms

The report includes a critical essay regarding online learning versus traditional classrooms. It includes some theories and debates regarding the topic and why it is important to understand the depth of this study. It also includes some issues as well as some importance regarding the study of a topic. The report includes a journal article and its review has covered many wants like methodology as well as data collection and analysis methods. At last, it includes the case study and its analysis.

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Critical Essay

Theory and debates relevant to the topic

According to the statement of Singh, and Thurman, 2019, the debate between online learning vs traditional learning are growing each year. However, post pandemic also makes it more relevant as the learning activities are going online because most of the students are studying from home online as a result online study is in a booming state. Technological innovations are improving the state and it is easier to access distance learning there is certainly merit regarding the classroom learning aspect. Activities related to traditional learning which are specially given in offline class are considered a valuable aspect of the traditional format and it is growing among the participants in a professional transition because of the reason that people get to interact with each other face to face which is an important part of conventional learning. It is convenient for people to take online learning and there are fewer basic requirements line internet, laptop and well accessibility with the world too (Castro, and Tumibay, 2021). However, online studies of students did not get the benefit of getting close interaction with the instructors (Lugonzo, 2020). Though traditional learning provides close interaction with the instructors and students it is more clearly part of this study.

The debate on online learning versus traditional learning is never going to stop as both are considered to be an important part of academic development. Also it is important to merge online learning and traditional learning for creating an effective and efficient experience learning (Woods, and et.al., 2007).

Why is this topic worthy of study?

Blakey, and Major, 2019, state that the topic is considered one of the most common and recent arguments regarding education. It helps to understand the current scenario and learn about the different perspectives of online learning versus traditional learning. It helps to build some knowledge as well as understanding of the area of the subject that helps an individual for future learning.

Explore issues and the importance of the topic

Issues - As per the viewpoint of Dhawan, 2020, the students follow a predetermined approach of study so that it is difficult for them to find time for study however it is important to provide self-disciplined and online learning demands compromise.

There are more chances of distractions as the students can find various activities on the media and it is important to consider the potential distraction as an issue in this study . In addition to this, there is no flexibility in traditional learning and a student must follow a proper schedule for their studies. It also demands economic expenses from the students and it is considered a major factor during the activities of the classroom (Paul, 2016). For that there is a loss of individualization among the large group of people set is difficult for the teacher to provide attention to all of these students.

Importance- Flexibility is one of the major importance of online learning that mainly allows access for the students that creates a plan for their studies. It also provides a wide selection of courses from online activities and some students can also get different courses to meet their needs of students. In traditional education, the students needed to be present in a class all the time. Because people have to travel from one place to other that is time-consuming as well as costly. The digital format enables easy access to information when it is required. It is important to consider the changes in the level of studies and give equal preferences to online learning and traditional learning as both have their individual pros and cons.

Journal Article Critique

In this article, there is a major concentration on comparing the different impacts of collaborative where both traditional and online aspect of learning among the male and females in the Nepal school have been discussed.

The Main aim of this report was to relate the success of the different activities and strategies to understand the activities. It is important to exchange the teaching quality and learning science with the help of collaborative learning and it can be done with the assessment of initiation actions in the institute. As a result of the research, different perspectives will be developed on how to manage students' collaborative learning activities at a basic level in Nepal. (Acharya, Acharya, and Shrestha, 2020).

The objective of the study mainly covers the basic level public school kids in Nepal who used classical instructional methods such as direct instruction and trying to lecture in a governed teacher setting to achieve high test scores. To prepare the students in collaborative learning activities like open communication and trust-building activities with the establishment of groups which enhances their motivation.

On the basis of aims and objectives, there are experimental as well as theoretical studies for collaborative learning which is considered an important factor for the achievement of goals in science education. The researcher also gives the proper implementation of collaborative learning in terms of helping the cooperative society so that the students can comprehend the actual sense of civilization as well as humanoid lifetime by studying more about science. The education system in Nepal must be included collaborative learning for enhancing their services regarding the education and provide a better future for the students

The nature of the social research is the aspect of the present research where the investigation is all about the new facts that are valuable for the study. It provides a creative sense of success for leading the argument in the study and helps to understand the concept of the study.

Research Design : There is the use of quantitative research design in the study and it is understood that it is important to explore the strategy with the help of gender in an institute in Nepal (Dannels, 2018). Further, the quantitative data were also gathered from the different classes like five, six as well as seven from the institute which is mainly analyzed with the help of SPSS software.


This method has been selected on the basis of activities of the research and needs to consider the following a collection of primary data from a school that is analyzed and is among the 258 students from different grades. Understudies of each the grade was divided into teams comprising 10-15 understudies relying upon the idea of undertaking in each grade. Composed assent was taken from every one of the understudies and the educators who partook in the review. The members were picked through a blend of intentional and purposive testing. These examining procedures empowered to select understudies from various territories and regions. They were approached to take part in the review and an assent letter was taken from the school headteacher and oral assent from every single understudy. It is selected for the study to analyze the different perspectives of the study. There is only a selection of students from the science and health subject.

Research Ethics

In this research, there is important to the code of conduct for the research and it comes as a surprise as there are no issues in the ethical aspect of the research. The study gives priority to the ethical code of conduct while collecting the data.

  • Honesty: Always strive for honesty in scientific communications. Provide information, results, methods, processes, and newspaper position truthfully. Data must not be fabricated, falsified, or misrepresented. Mislead colleagues, funding institutions, or the general public is not acceptable (Cascio, Weiss, and Racine, 2021).
  • Integrity: In this report, there is a maintenance of proper integrity and act the method of sampling insincere manner along with managing the actions.
  • Transparency : Transparency is the major concern in the method of Sampling as the participants require all of the information in terms of research in the study (Kara, 2018).
  • Accountability : Accountability is managed properly in the path of research and participant played their role in an important base of the research and achieve the goals of the study.
  • Confidentiality : It is also a major part of the research ethics to protect the data of participants with the aspect of handling the activities of the research. Thus, research ethics is a major aspect of dealing with the present study and it shows that the researcher maintains the confidentiality and privacy of the participants to consider the activities of the study (Oates, and et.al., 2021).

Research Approaches : The process which is collected by the researcher to collect analyses as well as interpret the data is known as the search approach. In this study, deductive reasoning is utilized effectively with the combination of different theory types to interfere with the literature review where it contains some of the statements for the level of deduction (Frew, and et.al., 2018). Whether it is powerful as well as it requires interference for checking the reality and sometimes the outcomes are not perfect enough to understand the actual theory.

Research Strategy

The quantitative survey is a widely used method for the research of Business and it also allows the researcher to accept the high number of the different participants. Although, it is easy to see the service it is hard to conduct the survey and analyze it appropriately. The project highly recommends quantitative analysis of the data as well as the decisions are made on the sample size which is a representation of the various participants (Oliva, 2019).

Data Analysis

There is the use of inferential statistics for understanding the association between the different variables of the study. Classroom interactions as well as a solutions provider of discussion on the various health learning activities my preference of gender and there is use of the quantitative method of research design.

There is an implementation of the Chi-square test with a significant level for understanding the association with the students for implementing collaborative learning performances. Further, the assumptions are taken before the test analysis, and expectations are already checked with the system. In addition to this, the test menu includes the facility for the different interpretations, and categories of the variable must be exclusive (Ryen, 2004).

Due to some of the strict rules of the school, the students were not allowed to drop out of the class. There is no significant difference regarding gender based on the regular classes of science. Any condition girl or boy can be randomly selected to analyze the different perspectives of the people and provide equal facilities to boys in girls as per the collaborative learning for the solutions and understanding of the issues of studies. It is important to manage the collaboration as well as interactions that were mainly documented and provide them equal importance to the students.

Case Study

Critically explore the axiological assumptions of the researcher

“An Experimental Study of the Effect of Evaluative Labeling on Speech Fluency” by Tudor was created to examine some assumptions of the diagnosogenic theory (Vallacher, Wegner, and Somoza, 1989). As per the analysis of Tudor, it has been identified that the impact of relating to the different labels like stuttering and normal speaking to the child on the aspect of some disfluencies in some normal speakers. The experiment was conducted by Tudor as the university was in a relationship with an orphanage and make research at the lowa Home by selecting 22 subjects. The experimental design of the study was complicated (Vallacher, Wegner, and Somoza,1989).

It appears from the study that the agent conducts appropriate sessions with 22 participants and does not able to get an appropriate statement. As per the study, Group IIA received 829 sessions in comparison with Group IA which received three to four sessions. Further, the search conductor analyzed the assumptions of the study and there is biasness for giving equal treatment which affected the sessions and was considered a huge factor for the study (Labroo, Dhar, and Schwarz, 2008).

Axiology is considered a branch of philosophy that helps to understand the judgment regarding values (De Monticelli, 2022). It is considered a real aspect of the field of qualitative research based on this present case study and it has a direct aspect of bearing the ethical context of the research. Axiology, in a nutshell, is concerned with what is the value of the research. This is significant since their values influence how an individual does study and also what people appreciate in study results. This is considered an important part of the impact of the activities of the research and it is based on the findings of the study. It will help to understand the different perspectives of the study and provide valuable outcomes for the study.

Any ethical issues in the study?

In terms of ethical issues, which were raised in the article of Tudor includes the identification in various dimensions.

Make use of human subjects:

In the aftermath of the publication of the newspaper article, robust censures were spoken against the study and those responsible for it. As a critical component of judging the ethical conduct of the study is essential. There is only negative aspect of evaluation for analyzing an individual's disfluency in the step of stuttering.

Assigned Responsibilities:

Research activities involving human subjects must comply with recognized rules regarding human subject safety, but the faculty mentor is ultimately responsible for helping to ensure these regulations are followed (Ryen, 2004). This does not help Tudor to relieve from the responsibility and need to consider the orders from the court

as they are require to commit regarding the unethical acts which are not acceptable.

Behavior and actions of different parties :

There is a question on releasing personal information about 9 participants for the study and also not had permission regarding the identification of name, age or number. It's unethical to provide participants with inaccurate information about what really happened.

How do resolve ethical issues?

There are certain ethical issues in the case study and it is important to resolve the ethical issues for the betterment of the study. There are some of the solutions for the ethical issues in the study are as follows:

  • The evaluation of the ethical issues indicates that the research should indeed be interpreted inside the context of the time, and that there really is no substantiation of malice, so the goal of growing distractor speech must not be confused with ingraining prolonged stammering in ordinarily able to speak young kids. It is obvious that this construction would indeed be forbidden by the latest scientific social norms.
  • As part of the consent form process, members must be made aware of the risks and benefits prior to participating in the study(Ryen, 2004). The seeker need to teach their volunteers about the potential advantages of the study, the motivation for them, and the privacy limits. However, it is important to manage the security of the participants and reduce the level of risk with different protected data.
  • Before releasing data, the investigator must estimate the authorization process and defendants' data. Nevertheless, the independent sources must recognize their limitations and innovate to overcome them. It is important to understand certain limits related to the internet and consider changes based on the review of people.
  • Because the participants are not competent to assess the danger, it is critical to provide them with a mental process to recognize and also the participant must be informed about the risks too. Furthermore, it is critical to protect an individual's anonymity and safety and to inform them about the many Federal regulations that might be implemented for the research.
  • It is critical to establish a friendly climate for participants so that they feel confident answering the questionnaire form or participating in focus group interviews and coping with the study. Further, carefulness is required to maintain the aspect of mistakes by initializing the importance of the care activities.

Thus, ethical consideration is one of the important parts of the present case study, and understanding the perspective of people before handling the situation of the research.


From the above study, it can be concluded that online learning and traditional learning are equally important for students in the present era of education. Also considering the ethical issues that has been studied in the case study also considered to be an important aspect. The roles of both aspects are different and students are affected differently by them. It is important to provide importance to both of the learning activities and make improvements to their performance at the time of activities. The study also includes certain ethical considerations for handling the situations of the study and providing appropriate outcomes.


Acharya, K.P., Acharya, M. and Shrestha, M.K., 2020. Collaborative Learning Practices by Gender: A Case of a Community School in Nepal. International Education Studies , 13 (4), pp.75-83.

Ryen, A., 2004. Ethical issues. Qualitative research practice , pp.230-247.

Tudor, M., 2015. An experimental study of the effect of evaluative labeling of speech fluency (Doctoral dissertation, State University of Iowa).

Singh, V. and Thurman, A., 2019. How many ways can we define online learning? A systematic literature review of definitions of online learning (1988-2018). American Journal of Distance Education, 33(4), pp.289-306.

Castro, M.D.B. and Tumibay, G.M., 2021. A literature review: efficacy of online learning courses for higher education institution using meta-analysis. Education and Information Technologies , 26 (2), pp.1367-1385.


Cascio, M.A., Weiss, J.A. and Racine, E., 2021. Making autism research inclusive by attending to intersectionality: a review of the research ethics literature. Review journal of autism and developmental disorders , 8 (1), pp.22-36.

De Monticelli, R., 2022. Towards a phenomenological axiology: Discovering what matters . Springer Nature.

Dhawan, S., 2020. Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal of educational technology systems , 49 (1), pp.5-22.

Vlahou, A., Hallinan, D., Apweiler, R., Argiles, A., Beige, J., Benigni, A., Bischoff, R., Black, P.C., Boehm, F., Céraline, J. and Chrousos, G.P., 2021. Data sharing under the general data protection regulation: time to harmonize law and research ethics?. Hypertension , 77 (4), pp.1029-1035.

Oates, J., Carpenter, D., Fisher, M., Goodson, S., Hannah, B., Kwiatowski, R., Prutton, K., Reeves, D. and Wainwright, T., 2021, April. BPS Code of human research ethics. British Psychological Society.

Dannels, S.A., 2018. Research design. In The reviewer's guide to quantitative methods in the social sciences (pp. 402-416). Routledge.

Frew, A., Weston, L.A., Reynolds, O.L. and Gurr, G.M., 2018. The role of silicon in plant biology: a paradigm shift in research approach. Annals of Botany , 121 (7), pp.1265-1273.

Oliva, R., 2019. Intervention as a research strategy. Journal of Operations Management , 65 (7), pp.710-724.

Labroo, A.A., Dhar, R. and Schwarz, N., 2008. Of frog wines and frowning watches: Semantic priming, perceptual fluency, and brand evaluation. Journal of Consumer Research , 34 (6), pp.819-831.

Vallacher, R.R., Wegner, D.M. and Somoza, M.P., 1989. That's easy for you to say: action identification and speech fluency. Journal of personality and social psychology , 56 (2), p.199.

Woods, S.W., Tully, E.M., Walsh, B.C., Hawkins, K.A., Callahan, J.L., Cohen, S.J., Mathalon, D.H., Miller, T.J. and McGlashan, T.H., 2007. Aripiprazole in the treatment of the psychosis prodrome: an open-label pilot study. The British Journal of Psychiatry , 191 (S51), pp.s96-s101.

Paul, J. (2016). A Comparative Analysis of Student Performance in an Online vs. Face-to-Face Environmental Science Course From 2009 to 2016. Fort Valley State University,.

Woods, S.W., Tully, E.M., Walsh, B.C., Hawkins, K.A., Callahan, J.L., Cohen, S.J., Mathalon, D.H., Miller, T.J. and McGlashan, T.H., 2007. Aripiprazole in the treatment of the psychosis prodrome: an open-label pilot study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 191(S51), pp.s96-s101.

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