Tata Motors' Organizational Structure and Values Assignment Sample

Analyzing Tata Motors' Organizational Structure, Culture, and Transformation

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Introduction Of The People And Organization Assignment

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The company that has been selected for the purpose of doing this assignment is one of the famous companies from automobile sector known as Tata Motors. Tata Motors Limited, a USD 37 billion association, is a main worldwide automaker with a portfolio that entails a broad variety of vehicles like SUVs, transports, trucks, pickups along army vehicles. Tata Motors Limited is considered to be as India's one of the biggest OEMs providing a broad scope of incorporated, shrewd, and e-portability arrangements (Chundi, and Sandhya, 2022). The strategic objective of Tata Motor is usually focused on to be passionate as well as offering the most superior automobiles along with experiences which enliven the worldwide clients. Tata group follows The Five guiding principles which are known to be as their 5 core values. They seem to be: Superior Dignity Recognizing Obligations Unification Empathy, altruism, as well as morality. Tata Motors follows Network Hierarchical Construction which is also known as Matrix Organization structure with two heads of capabilities (HR head, Promoting head, CFO) as well as the leader of automobile segments (Traveler Vehicles Head, Business Vehicles Head, High-level Designing Head) framing part of the top administration of the organization. Tata motors advertising for their 5 star cars as it was the 1st Indian brand car who got 5star rating in GnCap.

The main competitors of Tata Motors are mainly:

  1. Ashok Leyland Ltd. ASHOKL.
  2. Force Motors Ltd. FORMOT.
  3. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. MAHM.
  4. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. MARUSU.

Competitors of Tata Motors

Official logo

1. Ashok Leyland Ltd. ASHOKL.

2. Force Motors Ltd. FORMOT.

3. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. MAHM.

4. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd. MARUSU.

Analysis of the organization structure and culture

Organisational structure and culture

Various elements of functional and divisional organizational structures are incorporated into Tata Motors' matrix structure. Since it operates in a wide range of industries across distant geographies, it has been integrating its divisions according to various functional areas. Tata Motors' organizational structure is categorized into Finance, Strategy, Engineering, Communications, Human Resources, and Legal, according to its organizational chart. In addition to the Commercial Vehicle Business Unit, Tata Motor's Passenger Car Business Unit is composed of functional departments that form the strategic framework for the company's various business units (Panda, 2018). At Tata Motors, we pride ourselves on having flexible, adaptable, and multitasking individuals capable of working in a variety of roles in a variety of situations.

In organizations of all levels, employees are aware of every setting and action that is embedded in the organization's culture. This means that human resources judge how an organization manages inadvertently, and this influences their behavior towards their own objectives as well as those of the organization.

Map the structure and culture fitness

Tata Motors benefits significantly from strong and widespread Indian loyalty when it comes to product development. To satisfy customers, the company should follow strict safety guidelines and indicators. The current cultural primary goal is to motivate employees to collaborate with companies in the sector in order to achieve goals (Tripathi, and Kumar, 2020).

Analyse the role and contribution of culture in attaining organizational effectiveness

The organisational culture describes the procedures and policies in place that would provide clear advice as well as provide employees with a sense of path (Wang, Kimble, and Balcet, 2018). As a result, the company has not taken the time to participate in lengthy discussions or dialects with its clients and the general public. The relevant players are very crucial in ensuring the efficiency of the organization.

Evaluation and explanation about the rationale behind organisational changes

Evaluation about the organisational changes for supporting business strategies

Tata Motors has faced multiple challenges in recent years, particularly as a result of increased competition and globalisation. To combat these peripheral evils, Tata Motors chose to reduce costs and thus try introducing the world's cheapest, and it devised a strategy of growth, consolidations, and procurements. All of these activities had a significant impact on its internal transition. Changes were felt by both management and employees (Snehvrat, and Dutta, 2018). Many changes occurred at all levels of the organisation during Tata Motors' merger with Daewoo, resulting in such a drastic reduction in expenses and the requirement of the cheapest new cars. Variations also took place at the employee level when Tata Motors definite to merge with Daewoo, which caused in a lot of changes for its employees.

Tata is utilising its automotive skills and widening its markets and distribution network by focusing on understanding customers ’ preferences and working to develop from in equipment and facilities.

Key Drivers of change and their effect on people and business

The change is directly related to the realization of a gap between the goals of Tata Motors and the achieving the objectives which are the business operation. Key drivers of change and its impact on the people of business are as follows:

Technological Development: It is analyzed that the present technological environment is inappropriate in terms of the operations that have an impact on the people as well as the activities of a business (Sandhya, 2020).

Changes in Strategy: The main aim of the business is to refocus or expand the business due to the changes in competition, shareholders as well as constraints. It affects business activities due to the changes in the strategic decisions for the enhancement of the services and it also affects business practices (Anbarasan, 2021).

Cultural Changes: There is an evolution or shift in the culture and business values of Tata Motors that changes the perception of the people and their mind-set. It can affect the development and growth of the operations in terms of considering the values and standards.

Providing its employees with cross-functional and vocational training programs is part of Tata's commitment to innovation. Automating its HR process will contribute to the company's profitability in the long run (Dutta, and Snehvrat, 2021).

Problems and limitations

Problems in the Research

The major challenge or problem as a researcher is to get the right direction and methods for doing research. Time-taking procedure for collecting information from the different secondary sources and it affects the performance (Garg, 2019). Research data may also lack the currency needed for useful analysis. It can affect the process of collecting the data for the research and considering the changes according to the requirement of the scenario.

Key learnings gained about organisation through secondary research

From this research, it helps to gain many information about the company like Throughout Tata Motors' business processes and operations, technological excellence has always been a priority (Desai, 2022). Through its process management, Tata Motors helps to design and improve organizational learning and continuous improvement of business processes by identifying its core and distinctive competencies. Developing an organizational culture where innovation is encouraged has always been an important priority for Tata Motors Ltd. It helps to understand that the company is supporting the employees in terms of encouragement so that it provides a fruitful impact on the growth of the business. To this end, TATA Motors Ltd has implemented various programs related to quality improvement and technological innovation (Hassan, and Shrivastava, 2019).

Recommendations related to reorganise the structure and new initiatives for further transformation

  • It can be recommended for Tata Motors to look at different functions and make sure the performance of the staff members.
  • It can be suggested that the management must concentrates on the various department and their structure for developing a chain of command. It will be helpful for the enchantment in services of the business (Chandorkar, 2019).
  • It is essential to communicate appropriate values to the people regarding the improvement in the system so that it gather the employees for the enhancement in services.


From the above study, it can be concluded that while maintaining the original values of Tata Motors to improve the quality of life of its employees it is essential for the organization to develop its leadership potential and impact.


Anbarasan, P., 2021. Organization’s Sustainable Operational Complexity and Strategic Overview: TISM Approach and Asian Case Studies. Sustainability, 13(17), p.9790.

Chandorkar, N., 2019. Impact of Sports Events for Employees on the Organisational Climate. Think India Journal, 22(32), pp.40-44.

Chundi, P. and Sandhya, V., 2022. Employee Mentoring With Reference to Tata Motors. International Research Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology, 6(3), p.132.

Desai, R.S., 2022. Aftermath of COVID-19 and Economic Sustainability Strategies. Journal of Positive School Psychology, pp.3142-3148.

Dutta, S.K. and Snehvrat, S., 2021. From paradoxes to trade-offs: metaroutine enabled multi level ambidexterity at Tata Motors, India. International Journal of Organizational Analysis.

Garg, S., 2019. Internationalization of Tata Motors: strategic analysis using flowing stream strategy process. International Journal of Global Business and Competitiveness, 14(1), pp.54-70.

Hassan, M. and Shrivastava, S.K., 2019. Working Capital Management and Its Impact on the Profitability of Tata Motors. In Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Digital Strategies for Organizational Success.

Panda, S., 2018. Organisational Efforts towards Effective Executive Talent Management: An Analytical Study (Doctoral dissertation).

Sandhya, K., 2020. An Organization Study On Tata Motors Limited.

Snehvrat, S. and Dutta, S., 2018. Multi-level ambidexterity in new product introduction at Tata Motors, India: The role of metaroutines. Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance.

Tripathi, R. and Kumar, A., 2020. Humanistic leadership in the Tata group: the synergy in personal values, organisational strategy and national cultural ethos. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management.

Wang, H., Kimble, C. and Balcet, G., 2018. Product innovation in emerging economies: product architecture and organisational capabilities in Geely and Tata. International journal of automotive technology and management, 18(4), pp.384-405.]


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