Achieving Sustainability Goals in Construction Projects Assignment Sample

Elaborating on the work process of UK construction dependent on sustainability goals and the quantity surveyor's role in aspects like cost control, materials management, quality assurance, etc. to achieve recycling, renewable energy use, waste minimization and other green objectives.

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Introduction of Goals In The Lifecycle Of Construction Projects Assignment

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This study is conducted on the theory of the role of quantity surveyors in embedding sustainability development goals in the lifecycle of construction work. This study elaborates on the whole work process of the UK-based construction work which is mainly dependent on developing sustainability goals on the role of quantity surveyors.

A QS is very effective in controlling and managing the various aspects of the construction work for the client's satisfaction, but within sustainability the QS must understand and all the technical elements and the construction materials need to be recycled to achieve the values of recycling (Omotayo et al 2022). However from a cost prospective those sustainable materials can be costly.

But as per the embedding sustainable development goal, all the materials in use should be renewable and recyclable for the building of any construction project, this will in turn minimise waste production and energy consumption. In construction, the sustainable development goal in the life-cycle is very much important to improve the health of all people who mainly use the building among the environmental structure.

To state the objective and aim of this study actually describe that role of quantity surveyor is very effective to maintain all work in the construction project. From the pre-construction to the post-construction, the quantity surveyors play a wide and vivid role to examine the project plans which are prepared by the designer and engineer. Among that assesses the project budget plan on the materials factors and checks the quantity and quality of the materials before starting the project works with the practical solutions to help the design team.

The world will be transformed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They are a call to action to eradicate poverty and inequality, preserve the environment, and guarantee the well-being, equality, and prosperity of all people. By gradually altering the ways in which technologies are developed and utilized, sustainable development always inspires us to preserve and enhance our resources. Employment, food, energy, water, and sanitation should all be met by all nations (Babatunde et al 2020). “No poverty, Zero hunger, Good health, Quality education, clean water and sanitation, Affordable and clean energy, and the economic growth” all looked into it. “The practice of creating environmentally friendly, resource efficient structures and applying processes throughout the building life cycle, from siting to design, construction, operation, and maintenance” is the “Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)” defines sustainable specified. Quantity surveyors play a small role in ensuring that sustainable construction takes hold and delivers value throughout the project lifecycle by providing developers and owners with timely and appropriate cost advice (Duarte et al 2019). Play a crucial role in implementing this strategy promotes community health and vitality by creating a more welcoming and comfortable indoor environment. Building management that is more environmentally friendly is made possible by cost savings over the long term.


Empirical Study

According to Fuso Nerini et al 2019, The 17 goals and 169 targets of the Sustainable Development Goals, which were agreed upon by the United Nations in September 2015, address issues related to sustainable development within the broader economic, environmental, and social frameworks of nations. Although the “Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)” have a global dimension, how countries prioritize and how sustainability issues compete with their national priorities will determine how the SDGs are implemented determined. This paper aims to identify key regional issues and challenges as well as key sustainable development goals that have been addressed by experts from various geographic regions based on their experience and research areas was to talk about the connection. Any society's infrastructure systems provide vital services like energy, water, waste management, transportation, and telecommunications. Additionally, infrastructure can have unsustainable debt burdens, increase vulnerability to natural disasters, and have negative effects on society and the environment. Because global investment in infrastructure is at an all-time high, more and more decisions are being made that will determine how his generation develops in the future. Infrastructure is directly or indirectly contributing to the sustainable growth, accounting for 72% of the target, despite the fact that these investments are primarily motivated by the desire to increase economic productivity and employment. Researcher realize that it influences the accomplishment of all improvement objectives (SDGs) classify the benefits and drawbacks of infrastructure's effects, as well as their interactions with other industries. Policymakers should establish a long-term vision for a sustainable national infrastructure system based on the SDGs and the tried-and-true adaptation strategies that have achieved that vision in order to guarantee the construction of the appropriate infrastructure. It is necessary to devise a potential strategy.

According to Moses et al 2020, it is still unknown what role QS plays in the BIM Level 2 process. The successful application of BIM as a tool for facilitating increased cost control is hindered by this lack of clarity, particularly in the context of contractor-driven projects. Researchers discovered that the was integrated into the BIM process, so QS was frequently left out of the equation. It should be noted that object properties are frequently added to the lift suitability estimator in QS practices. In light of this, it is crucial that he explain how he uses BIM on contractor-led projects to make sure they are consistent and fully integrated with the Level 2 BIM process. This study aims to identify the most important aspects of the current implementation of BIM and develop a framework for contractors to fully utilize BIM for costing was after conducting a critical analysis of research on BIM and its current use in costing. The BIM Cost Framework (3D, 5D-CF) conducted semi-structured, open-ended interviews with practitioners, allowing the contractor to concentrate on improving. Concentrate on communication, reduce uncertainty, and minimize risks, uncertainties, and persistent conflicts that may affect the cost of the project.

According to Seidu et al 2022, the construction industry is aware that sustainable development has numerous advantages that are not being utilised at the moment. Due to technological advancements, construction activities are changing, and all construction professionals play a significant role in these major shifts. Surveyors who use cutting-edge new technologies like “Building Information Models (BIM)” are effective and have a lot of experience and knowledge about costs. The primary responsibility is to evaluate the financial aspects of your sustainability model. This modernised position offers a wider range of responsibilities than just advising on costs and cost management. Utilising their procurement and contractual/legal expertise, surveyors add value to the social and environmental aspects of a construction process or procedure rather than minimising cost increases. Offering advice on the best value can add value to the project. Project costs must be estimated and life cycle costs measured by a quantity surveyor from acquiring resources to recycling, reusing, or breaking them down. Additionally, this reduces the negative impact on the environment and results in cost savings throughout the building's life cycle. This is a crucial technology for minimising the negative effects on the environment. The final product may become obsolete and be subject to non-compliant elements in the future if renewable energy technologies are not incorporated. Quantity surveyors are able to comprehend and anticipate cost savings thanks to living cycle processes.

All quantity surveyors must outline their roles in analysing these sections for a cost-effective life (Ismail et al 2022). The blue bar chart in the preceding bar chart represents the product produced through an analytical process employing a quantity meter, while the red bar chart represents the standard product utilised in the construction industry. As a result, the analytical bar graph in this instance explains that greenhouses experienced a significantly larger increase than other homes during the construction project.

According to Omotayo et al 2022, Sustainable construction is being touted as a solution to the construction industry's social, economic, and environmental problems. Uncovered sustainable customer focus areas for sustainable design in order to satisfy the requirements of a sustainable built environment design of sustainable services, long-term cost control, sustainable building, enduring operation, and long-term deconstruction. The surveyor's role fits the above characteristics of a sustainable built environment: sustainable construction, cost control, operations, and demolition. However, in order for surveyors to do their jobs well, they need to be aware of the skills and requirements for sustainable construction. The requirements for sustainable building implementation vary from nation to nation. For instance, quantity surveyor’s limitations in relation to sustainable construction include ignorance of life cycle costs and a lack of qualified professionals in sustainable measurement, which includes quantity surveyors in construction. Costing, carbon foot printing, life cycle costing, property performance reporting, green building valuation, and building information modelling are all related to the development of surveyor skills for sustainable buildings. Green procurement practices have been successfully promoted throughout the construction sector as part of the Green Building Master Plan. Revision of building codes, sustainable design that maximises the use of natural materials, the introduction of environmentally friendly materials and products into construction projects, recycling and reuse of building materials, and the Obtained Green Mark are all examples of green procurement practices. Recycling lessens the need to cultivate, gather, and mine the land for fresh raw resources, this lessens detrimental involvement in harm to nature. Less deforestation, river redirection, wildlife damage or exodus, and air, water, and soil pollution. Recycling eliminates the requirement for the extraction, refinement, and processing of raw materials (mine, quarrying, and logging), which significantly reduces air pollution. Recycling reduces emissions of greenhouse gases and aids in the battle against climate change since it saves energy. Because of this, modern construction work still heavily relies on the quantity surveyor's contribution to the process. This chapter, which comprises many kinds of analytical procedures on the theory of the function of quantity surveyors in developing the sustainable objective in the building industry, serves as a summary of the research. [Referred to appendix 2]

According to Chen and Tang 2019, maintaining a comfortable, safe, and productive environment while also taking care of the built environment and man-made resources like energy and raw materials is the primary objective of sustainable planning and construction. Throughout the project lifecycle, quantity surveyors are in a crucial position to assist in achieving sustainable objectives. At every stage of the survey, a quantity surveyor serves as the primary advisor. The real estate lifecycle is well-versed in innovation and technology, in order to incorporate sustainability principles into the built environment, some design, procurement, and management processes are modified, however the construction industry face some difficulties with environmentally friendly sustainable built delivery methods, and this includes surveyors.

Quantity surveyors are cost experts in the construction industry; consequently, in addition to the constant shifting construction trends, traditionally these trends must also play a role which makes the primary terms and regulations dependant on the past and present times, how a quantity surveyor classifies data must adapt with these trends to increase their relevance in the construction industry. Their skill and sufficient knowledge are well used for construction’s products quality and cost estimate predictions. As a result, surveyors and other professionals in the construction industry emphasise the need to increase costs and shorten construction times in order to create environmentally friendly and cost-effective building construction methods. The literature review, which reveals the traditional significance of quantity surveyors, was used as the research method to see surveyors and their role in creating a built environment that is sustainable, such as the significance of life cycle costs in engineering and comparing the costs of various building materials.

According to Ismail et al 2018, quantity surveyor’s role in construction cost estimates are always susceptible to detect error and inaccuracy due to uncontrollable factors. Over time, unreliable cost estimates are made during a project phase which can complicate project completion further. In order to make it easier for representatives of the construction industry to solve these issues, building information modelling technology (BIM) is becoming increasingly important in today's world. “Building Information Modelling (BIM)” technology helps surveyors save money and time, improve coordination through reliable data transfer, and increase productivity and profitability. Users' impressive benefits demonstrate that BIM can effectively assist estimators in producing more accurate measurements of building volumes, which are largely responsible for determining a project's overall cost. BIM Automation take-off reduces the need for rework and change, resulting in long-term cost reductions. These Mechanisms have a diagonal advantage over quantity surveyors as cost estimators for more sustainable practices and more accurate cost estimates.

The quantity surveyor's primary responsibility now includes estimating a project's cost and making sure it fits within the client's budget range. Regardless of the method used or the stage at which the project is in development, the cost-estimating process needs to provide estimates that are both accurate and reliable. There has been a lot of discussion about whether cost estimates should be trusted. When estimating costs, it is very important to use the right methods and techniques to increase reliability and accuracy. Project management bids can always be based on estimates as a reference. This method is utilised extensively in cost estimation activities by quantity surveyors worldwide in practice. Surveyors contribute to the significant involvement compared to traditional jobs, particularly in the collection of materials, as evidenced by her use of BIM in construction projects. Building information modelling (BIM) operations can automate building quantities, but the technology itself has some limitations that must be overcome before it can challenge the quantity surveyor's job. An expert's comprehensive knowledge and expertise are required for this procedure. A quantity surveyor who provides cost estimates that are more accurate and reliable. [Referred to appendix 1]

According to Mayouf et al 2019, Quoting and costing, procurement consulting, measurement, bill of material (BOQ) and document preparation, cost control, valuation preparation, payment, contract billing, and finalisation are all traditional quantity surveyor's roles and functions which understood to be financial statements. The initial involvement of a surveyor in the construction project being evaluated is an early cost estimate. Today, a set of rules and guidelines are used by surveyors to measure and charge for construction work, such as “New Measurement Rules and Standard Measurement Methods”. Measurement and quantification are sometimes referred to as the process of numbering design drawings in accordance with a predetermined rule. Observing drawings serves as the foundation for the method of creating sets. Please be aware that the quality of the drawing has a significant impact on the accuracy of the quote. During the design phase, quantity surveyors are frequently confronted with numerous obstacles. According to surveys, one of the most significant obstacles for surveyors is the low quality of construction documents. In order to provide accurate cost advice, the blueprints and specifications lacked sufficient detail, were inconsistent, and contained errors. Problems with buildability can also result from a design that is too complicated, which can also cause problems. This is largely due to the designer's ignorance of the building's construction process. The survey came to the conclusion that these issues require a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach. An accurate quote is largely dependent on the quality of the drawing.

Due to the expanding importance of quantity surveyors in satisfying changing market expectations, there is broad array of sustainability services. The most often offered services included feasibility studies, bills of quantities, and sustainable cost assessment including emissions cost estimation for green projects. Therefore, sustainability concepts should be considered in the construction business. These efforts to SD have had a significant impact, and in the end, they are advantageous for both economic and human development. Knowledgeable of SD concerns, have the necessary knowledge and abilities to interact with the sector, and who can help ensure sustainable lengthy environmental sustainability of the economy, and society. As a result, in order to enhance their performance, broaden their skill set, or take the essential steps toward advancement, surveyors must learn the most recent knowledge and skills.

According to Lu et al 2018, first, it should be noted that the terms "construction cost control" and "quantity surveying (QA)" are used interchangeably throughout this paper includes readers from both UK and non-UK systems. This chapter aims to provide an overview of typical procedures, practices, and issues. A profession in the global construction industry that applies to quality assurance. Building Information Modelling (BIM) walks through a scene in it. The book cannot provide a comprehensive explanation of Construction Cost Control. For a more in-depth explanation, readers can look to numerous additional resources. This chapter can be skipped by interested readers who are already familiar with QS or used as a refresher before moving on to the application of BIM and big data for cost control. In construction, cost managers are surveyors. To the feasibility, design, and construction phases, which may also include facility expansion, renovation, upkeep, and demolition. Modern quantity surveyor’s offer project cost management, contracting, and procurement services. They can be hired by contractors or subcontractors or work as consultants. In construction projects, which frequently take the form of "projects" or "construction projects," the significance of effective cost management cannot be overstated.

The "Project Management Triangle," or the top three goals of construction project management, are quality, cost, and time. Cost is frequently regarded as the most significant, if not the most so. Since stakeholders are inevitably impacted by cost overruns, cost performance is prioritised in construction project management. Existing quantity surveyors' practice contributes to some of the ACE (Architect, Engineering and Construction) industry's fragmentation and discontinuities. Through technological and organisational innovation, this must be reduced. They frequently perform laborious tasks that are frequently despised by other AEC occupations. Even then, a precise estimate must be made because the information is scarce. As part of professional life, troublesome tasks like quantity take-off and measurement must be completed.

According to Tan et al 2018, the concept of Sustainable Development (SD), which aims to meet human needs while ensuring the sustainability of natural resources and the environment, should be promoted by governments worldwide as a means of addressing these issues. And can satisfy these requirements both for the present and the generations to come. Under construction Sustainable architecture and green building are gaining widespread traction as agendas like sustainable development (SD) recognise the significance of the construction industry to sustainability. One of the main factors that determines the sustainability of a community is construction, which has proven to be a complicated activity that has a significant impact on the surrounding environment. Additionally, accurate definitions of the client's own values and client respect for the values of the organisation involved in construction procurement necessitate the use of quantity surveyors in project management. A crucial step in the building briefing procedure is this one. The design team must comprehend the client's budget. The significance of functional requirements, corporate responsibilities, and programs for building functionality.

The construction industry has worked long and hard to achieve safety in a way that is economical, good for the environment, and good for society. The coming professional should have all the tools they need to handle everything. From the creation of the built environment to its deconstruction, construction was given a wide range of responsibilities. This section is very good at playing the role of quantity survey because the design section is more important to the construction of a construction project. There are many different terms for sustainable design, such as "high-performance, climate-smart, and eco-friendly architecture." The end goal is the same for everyone. From design to disposal, apply principles throughout the construction lifecycle. Some authors' views on the function of sustainable design are radical, placing environmental performance first, and sustainable building is less about fashion and style than it is about performance. [Referred to appendix 3]

Conceptual Framework

Literature Gap

Even though the empirical literature contains sufficient data to support research, there are some flaws in studies designed to provide current research directions and fill in the gaps in the reviewed literature, and constraints are also made clear (Noor and Zainordin 2018). The fact that it heavily relies on the perceptions and ideas of research role factors is considered by researchers to be the most significant limitation. Depending on the research review, the role of the quantity surveyors explains the whole work with the cost factors and predicts the risk factors which will belong to the construction work (Osuizugbo 2021). But, the literature gap represents the lack of perfection as per the quantity surveyor's role to develop sustainability in construction projects.

SDGs maintains the five types of stages such as “Understanding the SDGs, Defining priorities, Settings goals, Integrating and Reporting and communicating”. In building design, construction, operation, and upkeep, engineers must take the SDGs into account. The use of locally available materials, energy consumption, and the building's long-term durability should all be taken into account when designing a structure. A waste minimization plan and a specific management plan should be provided during construction to reduce pollution and ensure the health and safety of workers and visitors alike. In order to cut down on time, waste, and contamination, materials can be processed in a controlled environment. It is important to carefully consider the possibility of recycling and reusing materials. Researchers should provide construction procedures, construction methods, concrete compaction methods, curing times and methods, formwork removal, quality assurance guidelines, etc. during construction.

As per researcher's thesis, this study explains only the quantity surveyor role belonging to the work projection but does not explain the risk prediction. Because in construction work, when using various kinds of materials then check accurately the quality of materials with their waste factor but do not predict future risks and do not define the effectiveness of risk factors in the environment (Afolabi et al 2019). Thus, examining the risk factors the quantity surveyor changes all the materials formats according to consume the energy and reduce the waste factor which is more profitable for the construction industry as well.


Introduction Of research philosophies, designs, approaches, methods, and strategies outlined in the methodology.

The method by which all research is carried out is referred to as methodology. The various procedural methods utilised during the research phase are included in the methodology. This chapter provides an overview of the phases of the strategy, including the planning of research methods and the implementation of various data collection, analysis, and result-gathering procedures. This chapter, in particular covers all aspects of conducting research or research philosophies, designs, approaches, methods, and strategies outlined in the methodology. Additionally, “details of data collection methods and analysis” are provided in the methodology. An expert for quantity measurement should receive an estimate of the approximate cost from the quantity investigator. Sections of a building are also called elements. Additionally, designers are constantly aware of their designs' costs. The quantity surveyor can also cut into the cost of the estimate by simplifying the details without changing the design. Finally, the study's ethical considerations are discussed in this section as restrictions on the procedure. The research methodology's progression through its various stages is depicted on the timeline. The role of the quantity surveyor in embedding sustainability goals is explained depending on the methodology strategy due to the different sections with the different methods.

Research Strategy

The strategies used by researchers to reach a role and effectively gather relevant information are outlined in a research strategy. Multiple methods may be used in a study to collect and analyse a wide range of data information and produce the desired outcomes. The research philosophy utilised throughout the study greatly influences the choice of strategy. Depending on the research ethics, this study finds all the information and data as per the “secondary data” collected from the researcher journals and the internet which belongs to this thesis. After collecting all the secondary data information this research is analysed by the “Qualitative research analysis” (Olanrewaju et al 2020). The role of the quantity surveyor in the construction project which defines as “sustainable client ship, design, service design, cost management, construction materials, check quality and quantity, operation management, and deconstruction” all data information is analysed by qualitative analysis.

To adapt to a new industry marked by customer centricity, intense competition, and technological advancement, quantity surveyors or professionals must rethink their roles and value-added services (Babatunde et al 2020). The implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals presents construction professionals with novel difficulties and unknowns. Depending on that, this research approach represents the “Deductive approach” which basically focused on emphasising all the desired outcomes of the sustainable development of construction and environment life-cycle (Georgiadou 2019). This approach explains all the theories and highlights the construction-based knowledge due to quantity surveyors with their role importance. Thus, all the information describes the main reason and using methods so, according to the secondary data collection method, this research study also maintains the “Pragmatism philosophy” with measurable outcomes and analyse the specific area as well.

Data Collection

The data collection method defines the performance procedure of research outcomes. This process is known as the “Primary and Secondary data collection method”. According to both methods, this defines in this section area. So, the “primary data collection method” informs various kinds of formulation which come from the survey’s questioner and outcomes. Thus, this depends on the survey collection for this reason this is not occupied in this research (Olanrewaju et al 2020). As the same thing, the “secondary data collection method” also informs various kinds of formulation which come from many such sources such as “scholarly journals, websites, articles, and the same ethics reports”. So, that outlines specific strategies which explain the role of the quantity surveyors to develop sustainability in the construction project. As per the research outcome, this research maintains this method as a “Secondary data collection method” (Georgiadou 2019).

The secondary data collected from “Microscoping the challenges of sustainable construction in developing countries” this case study by author (Aghimien). As per the secondary data collection method, this research process and its importance are also defined by the internet scholar which mainly elaborates on all the advantages and disadvantages of this quantity surveyors role in the construction projects also defines how to modify all of the lack processes which mainly mitigate the quality and quantity of the materials in using construction project (Aghimien et al 2019). Among them, the green environment, recycling used materials, and checking factors of all materials all processes which define the role of QS with the costing process is elaborate as per the secondary data collection method. An important section of the study can be found in this chapter (Newman et al 2020). The results in this chapter were obtained through "secondary research," which relies on the resources gathered. In this chapter, the qualitative research analysis's findings are presented. Further complicating matters, this study chapter also covered secondary analysis-analysed results. This important study is also discussed in this section, providing results and results based on hypothetical statements and various types of objectives based on this analytical process. They are all put through a strategic test.

Research Limitation

The “research process is quite adequate” in designing the appropriate outcomes or results through use of effective “techniques and strategies” in the general research process. However, “the limitation of the research theory” defines the gap in the research profile. In this section, the area is most important to evaluate the disadvantage factors of the research topic (Dodanwala et al 2022). Here, this research theory also explains the role of quantity surveyors which is more important but nowadays quantity surveyors have not applied these role factors for this reason the construction project faced various kinds of negative factors and mitigated the sustainability development.



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