International Law And Armed Non-State Actors Assignment Sample

International Legal Frameworks Governing Armed Non-State Actors

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Chapter 1: Introduction Of Non-state Armed Groups (NSAGs) Assignment Sample

Definition of non-state armed groups

The evaluation of non-state armed groups has considered the persuasion of international relations as the international treaty for defining the feature of ICRC's work. Based on that, the rebel groups have focused on the potential criminal networks as the significant player in violent conflict has to be instigated. Along with that, the versatile protagonists have struggled to dominate the group of “Non-state armed groups (NSAGs)”. International law for the entities of armed conflict has considered the premier existence of non-state armed groups dealing with the Afghanistan conflict the international law for the Cold War between America and Russia has influenced the world.

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As per the analysis of the two countries' engagement in the conflict, the political view of Afghanistan based on the Soviet Union has controlled the country. USSR's influenced to control America by putting force to control the local community. Along with that, the major influence in rebelling against the violence between the two countries has analyzed the major control over Russia. Based on that, the major factor for non-state armed groups to protect from attack through the Saria law of Afghanistan. Dealing with the Taliban force top target the World Trade Centre has evaluated the US government.

The forces of Afghanistan control the non-Muslims by forcing them to convert to Muslims. therefore the non-state armed groups focus on humanitarian law as in international treaties the non-state partiers' armed forces designate the state party into a major conflict [3] . Analyzing the humanitarian law for armed forces the contemporary international law to deal with the facts of control as the internationalization non-international armed conflict has focused on the "Protocol II to the 1949 Geneva Conventions" . After that, the territory of the armed forces the conflict in several states entitled to sustain the military operation.

As per the analysis of armed forces territory the conflict in several states entitled to sustain the military operation. The organized armed forces have considered the territory of several states to conflict chance the military operation has undertaken to implement the protocol of armed conflict situation based on the confrontation of identifiable commands . Based on the evaluation of the military operation for the obligation of rules of conduct in respect of the “Humanitarian law (IHL)” the law has enforced the operation.

After the protocol, II compels the conflict between state and non-state parties have focuses on the capacity for bringing responsible concerning IHL. The analysis of "Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)" the evaluation of UN office military activities has considered the state alliances for the intergovernmental organization. Therefore the international armed conflict has focused on the conventions of colonial domination for the liberation movement.

The first phase of Taliban-controlled Afghanistan

Returning to power Taliban has focused on Afghanistan as the US troops have considered the harsh rule based on cracking the women's rights the neglecting basic services to consider the group returned to Islamic fundamentalism. The first phase has focused on the toppling of Taliban politics and religious rulings against Afghanistan. The sanctuary considers the international conflict focuses on the penetration based on the US strategy to defeat the Taliban military forces. The first phase considers "The Saur Revolution and Soviet Occupation" as the civil war erupted in 1978 to consider Afghanistan monarchy with the power of "Muhammad ZahirShah" .

The Soviet Union focuses on economic assistance for the US to compete to influence the military ties with Pakistan. Based on that, the support of the Soviet Union considers tribal leaders to draft the constitution of government. The "People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan" has been involved to split the faction of Parcham as the support of education Pashtuns the ethnic group that supports the afghans predominantly Pashtun.

As per the analysis of dominated government, the armed conflict poses human rights and the risk of ethnic violence in order to deal with the PDPA government. The "Khalq leadership" reforms the religious and political reformation to bring the deterioration of soviet intelligence forces . Along with that, the soviet occupation forced 115,000 troops as mass arrest and torture created resistance from the communist government to consider the flow of refugees as the 16 million populations consider jihad fighters or mujahidin. Therefore the cold war arms tremendous ability to deal with the resistance of Muslim radicals.

Through focusing on Muslim countries the Pashtun faction builds built training facilities in Afghanistan. Dealing with the insurgency against the US-backed government in Kabul and the struggle faced by functions of the government health services. The invasion overthrew the "Taliban-governed Islamic Emirate" brings the major analysis of Afghanistan to consider the insurgency as the initial defeat of Taliban to analyze the Taliban-ruled Afghanistan.

Along with that, Afghanistan wears to trigger the phases of 11 attacks to trigger the analysis of international conflict. The religious faction rebuilding the core military forces rebuilds the afghan state counterinsurgency doctrine to focus on the measures of temporary decisions it implements the strategy of protecting from the Taliban attacks .

The objective of international human rights law

The major objectives of human right law have considered the analysis of international human rights treaties to deal with addressing injustices and the fundamental freedom of human rights and equal dignity. As per the analysis "Universal declaration of human rights" enforces human rights to deal with the political and civil international convent. Along with that, the united nations enforce universal values to lay down the obligation based on following the obligation and duties of intervention law. The analysis of ratification of human rights treaties' major purpose of this legislation is to promote interdependence in countries.

Based on that, the cooperation among countries has provided major strengths and created opportunities to develop the economy and enhance the community through people empowerment. Along with that, to expand the financial and trade market through increasing the bargaining power the human rights fulfil the Asian countries lieu of competition to enhance the positions in the global market. After that, transformation to bring continuation into the community derives the interaction based on equal foot printing and contributing the positive mutual peace and prosperity. Thus, the analysis of the international human rights commission is to administer the services of humanity as terrorism and other national groups' noble cause has to focus on democracy to consider the legislation based on the UN principles.

The war between US and Russia enforce political rights thus the constitution created the control of the Taliban as the UN mission derives the human rights violation. Hence, in that case, the major objectives of monitoring the process of restricting freedom as the major objective of international human rights law have considered the Taliban roles enforce the practices of prohibiting girls from secondary schools for preventing working of women . Thus, the law protects the education of women as the law of equality and other sections create a drastic change in this measure to protect from discriminatory policies to violate the previous thinking.

Along with that, child marriage and other corrupted rules have also breakdown with this legal implication. The major purpose or objective of this humanitarian law is to protect international rivalries based on different political and economical conflicts thus the legislation helps the country to focus on collaboration rather than war and other conflict-related activities. The major rights of humans involve the “Right to freedom, right to constitutional remedies, right to quality, right against exploitation, right to food and environment, right to property, right to freedom of religion, right to culture and education”. Hence the invasion of Afghanistan focused on the presence of the Soviets to deal with the rebel fighters. As per the analysis, non-state armed groups' extensive covert coordination of society focused volunteers on the interpretation of punishments for petty crimes.

References

“Chapter IV. 1949-1980: Protocol II Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Conventional Weapons Convention” [2006] The Formation of the Treaty Law of Non-International Armed Conflicts 99

“Tradition and Dynamism among Afghan Refugees : Report of an ILO Mission to Pakistan, November 1982, on Income-Generating Activities for Afghan Refugees.”

Behrends, Jan C, “Back from the USSR:” Fascination and Enmity 83

Clark, Roger S, “Human Rights and World Public Order. the Basic Policies of an International Law of Human Dignity. by Myres S. McDougal, Harold D. Lasswell, and Lung-Chu Chen. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1980. Pp. XXIV, 1016. Indexes. $45.” (1982) 76 American Journal of International Law 184

Dunn, Richard et al, “Jemirade, D., 2021. Humanitarian Intervention (HI) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P): The United Nations and International Security. African Security Review, 30(1), Pp.48-65.” (2022) 9 Dermatopathology 258

Karrer, Leo, “1. The Pashtun Element in Afghan Society” [2012] Pashtun Traditions versus Western Perceptions

Kotokey, Angana and Anchita Borthakur, “The Ideological Trajectory within the Taliban Movement in Afghanistan” (2021) 15 Asian Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 205

Moisiiakha, AV, “The Institutional Constituent of National Policy Mechanisms Realization in the Socio-Humanitarian Sphere” [2020] "Public management and administration in Ukraine" 73

Person, Janice Gross Richard Ned and Stein Lebow, Afghanistan, Carter, and Foreign Policy Change: The Limits of Cognitiv (March 8, 2019) Taylor & Francis <https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9780429037535-8/afghanistan-carter-foreign-policy-change-limits-cognitive-models-richard-ned-lebow-janice-gross-stein>

Quintin, Anne and Marie-Louise Tougas, “Generating Respect for the Law by Non-State Armed Groups: The ICRC’s Role and Activities” [2019] International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors 353

Rodenhäuser, Tilman, “The Legal Protection of Persons Living under the Control of Non-State Armed Groups” (2020) 102 International Review of the Red Cross 991

Saur Revolution/COUPD'etet and Its Impacts on Pashtun Society Docslib <https://docslib.org/doc/3273843/saur-revolution-coupdetet-and-its-impacts-on-pashtun-society>

Terpstra, Niels, “Rebel Governance, Rebel Legitimacy, and External Intervention: Assessing Three Phases of Taliban Rule in Afghanistan” (2020) 31 Small Wars & Insurgencies 1143

Willasey-Wilsey, Tim, “Afghan Crucible: The Soviet Invasion and the Making of Modern Afghanistan” (2022) 98 International Affairs 1829

Wood, Michael and Eran Sthoeger, “The UN Security Council and International Law”

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