How The Body Systems Work To Maintain Homeostasis And Comparison And Contrast Of At Least Three Categories Of Disease Assignment sample

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HOW THE BODY SYSTEMS WORK TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS AND COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF AT LEAST THREE CATEGORIES OF DISEASE

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Task 1

Work of Body Systems to Maintain Homeostasis

To discuss how the body systems work together for the maintenance of the homeostasis it can be stated that while the human body is properly maintaining all their functions that it is called the homeostasis. In this given case study, it says about the medical condition of Mrs. Grey, who is just 29 and having the T score of -1. There are several bad habits she has which she has to quit as per her GP’s recommendation. She is also having the breakdown of her homeostasis, and an abnormal BMI which leads to her being overweight.

Possible Causes of Mrs. Grey’s T- Score and Her GP’s Advices

Now there should be a clear outline about what this “T- Score” and what this actually means. This is nothing but it denotes the standard deviation number, and not only has that it also made the measurement units. The lower the T-score is the higher the risk of having osteoporosis which leads to having a low bone density. Very low calcium consumption leads towards the lower bone strength, premature osteoarthritis, as well as a higher risk of bone fracture (Das, 2021). Women lose bone density when they drastically reduce their dietary intake, therefore are underweight. As Mrs. Grey’s T-Score shows that she has a serious condition and this is leading towards osteoporosis, and not only that this might impact the other systems as well. These are as follows.

  • The Endocrine System: As the endocrine system works as the main communication network within the human body and also produces the required hormones for the coordination of the tissue functions all over the body’s internal systems, this health condition might lead Mrs. Grey towards a risk of imbalance in her hormones and also caused an early menopause because there are less production of the hormones like estrogen and progesterone from the ovaries.
  • The Skeletal System: A poor T -Score is always hell responsible for the abnormality in the skeletal system. As Mrs. Grey has a poor T-Score and leading herself towards having osteoporosis this would also impact her bone density. This would also make her bones very much fragile, very weak and easily breakable. When bones are simpler to crack, they are often more difficult to repair since less bones are generated to fix underlying fractures.
  • The Cardio- Vascular System: As Mrs. Grey smokes heavily and is overweight, she might face an issue of having Cardio-vascular diseases. Along with this due to her T-score she might have an impact on her endocrine system which has a strong connection with cardio-vascular diseases. She also has a poor diet that is linked towards high cholesterol as well as high blood pressure.
  • The Digestive System: Initial incidence of this disease and thus protracted visibility to probability of developing the bone loss, especially with irritable bowel syndrome but rather gluten intolerance, nutritional deficiencies, as well as maldigestion of required nutrients for the bone strength along with maintenance, also the implications of glucocorticoids, are all different attributes of the gastro - intestinal infections linked with osteoporosis (Katzir et al. 2021).

As the GP advises, she has to follow them to maintain her good health as she is now too young to take these health issues very lightly. Oily fish consumption increases the absorption of calcium, which might assist Mrs. Grey retain her bone strength plus halt her osteoporosis development. She should start weightlifting exercises which may be therapeutic. Bones, like muscles, is a type of tissue which strengthens as a result of activity. The healthiest thing for bones is indeed weight-bearing activity which pushes her to struggle opposing gravitation. Hiking, climbing stairs, weightlifting, or even aerobics are just a few instances. Jogging, for example, is good kinds of exercise that can assist reduce risk factors.

Task 2

AC. 2.1 Comparisons of Three Diseases

Lung Cancer

Diabetes Type 2

Obesity

Smoking causes a major risk factor for lung cancer. While the number of abnormal cells increases their growth, it is considered as Lung Cancer (Le Magueresse-Battistoni, 2021).

Due to obesity the human body becomes overweight and thus making it insulin resistant, and leads to Diabetes Type 2 (Mojadadi et al. 2021).

Obese people's subcutaneous fat cells must digest greater nutrition than they could ever handle (Rayon and Briscoe, 2021).

AC. 2.2 Templates

Type of disease

Name of disease

Why Mr. Lex is at risk

What affects the disease would have on Mr. Lex

Deficiency

 Type 2 Diabetes

? Heavy drinking

? Eating fast foods

? Body would be insulin resistant.

? Will shorten his lifespan as it is a chronic disease.

Degeneration

 Obesity

? Alcohol consumption

? Lack of exercise

? High blood pressure

? High cholesterol

Infectious

 Lung Cancer

? Chain Smoking

? Shortness of breath

? Can accumulate fluids around.

(Source: Self-created)

References

Journals

Das, U.N., 2021. “Cell Membrane Theory of Senescence” and the Role of Bioactive Lipids in Aging, and Aging Associated Diseases and Their Therapeutic Implications. Biomolecules11(2), p.241.

Katzir, I., Adler, M., Karin, O., Mendelsohn?Cohen, N., Mayo, A. and Alon, U., 2021. Senescent cells and the incidence of age?related diseases. Aging cell20(3), p.e13314.

Le Magueresse-Battistoni, B., 2021. Endocrine disrupting chemicals and metabolic disorders in the liver: What if we also looked at the female side?. Chemosphere268, p.129212.

Mojadadi, A., Au, A., Salah, W., Witting, P. and Ahmad, G., 2021. Role for selenium in metabolic homeostasis and human reproduction. Nutrients13(9), p.3256.

Rayon, T. and Briscoe, J., 2021. Cross-species comparisons and in vitro models to study tempo in development and homeostasis. Interface focus11(3), p.20200069.

HOW THE BODY SYSTEMS WORK TO MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS AND COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF AT LEAST THREE CATEGORIES OF DISEASE

Task 1

Work of Body Systems to Maintain Homeostasis

To discuss how the body systems work together for the maintenance of the homeostasis it can be stated that while the human body is properly maintaining all their functions that it is called the homeostasis. In this given case study, it says about the medical condition of Mrs. Grey, who is just 29 and having the T score of -1. There are several bad habits she has which she has to quit as per her GP’s recommendation. She is also having the breakdown of her homeostasis, and an abnormal BMI which leads to her being overweight.

Possible Causes of Mrs. Grey’s T- Score and Her GP’s Advices

Now there should be a clear outline about what this “T- Score” and what this actually means. This is nothing but it denotes the standard deviation number, and not only has that it also made the measurement units. The lower the T-score is the higher the risk of having osteoporosis which leads to having a low bone density. Very low calcium consumption leads towards the lower bone strength, premature osteoarthritis, as well as a higher risk of bone fracture (Das, 2021). Women lose bone density when they drastically reduce their dietary intake, therefore are underweight. As Mrs. Grey’s T-Score shows that she has a serious condition and this is leading towards osteoporosis, and not only that this might impact the other systems as well. These are as follows.

  • The Endocrine System: As the endocrine system works as the main communication network within the human body and also produces the required hormones for the coordination of the tissue functions all over the body’s internal systems, this health condition might lead Mrs. Grey towards a risk of imbalance in her hormones and also caused an early menopause because there are less production of the hormones like estrogen and progesterone from the ovaries.
  • The Skeletal System: A poor T -Score is always hell responsible for the abnormality in the skeletal system. As Mrs. Grey has a poor T-Score and leading herself towards having osteoporosis this would also impact her bone density. This would also make her bones very much fragile, very weak and easily breakable. When bones are simpler to crack, they are often more difficult to repair since less bones are generated to fix underlying fractures.
  • The Cardio- Vascular System: As Mrs. Grey smokes heavily and is overweight, she might face an issue of having Cardio-vascular diseases. Along with this due to her T-score she might have an impact on her endocrine system which has a strong connection with cardio-vascular diseases. She also has a poor diet that is linked towards high cholesterol as well as high blood pressure.
  • The Digestive System: Initial incidence of this disease and thus protracted visibility to probability of developing the bone loss, especially with irritable bowel syndrome but rather gluten intolerance, nutritional deficiencies, as well as maldigestion of required nutrients for the bone strength along with maintenance, also the implications of glucocorticoids, are all different attributes of the gastro - intestinal infections linked with osteoporosis (Katzir et al. 2021).

As the GP advises, she has to follow them to maintain her good health as she is now too young to take these health issues very lightly. Oily fish consumption increases the absorption of calcium, which might assist Mrs. Grey retain her bone strength plus halt her osteoporosis development. She should start weightlifting exercises which may be therapeutic. Bones, like muscles, is a type of tissue which strengthens as a result of activity. The healthiest thing for bones is indeed weight-bearing activity which pushes her to struggle opposing gravitation. Hiking, climbing stairs, weightlifting, or even aerobics are just a few instances. Jogging, for example, is good kinds of exercise that can assist reduce risk factors.

Figure 1: Case study 1

(Source: Self-created)

Task 2

AC. 2.1 Comparisons of Three Diseases

Lung Cancer

Diabetes Type 2

Obesity

Smoking causes a major risk factor for lung cancer. While the number of abnormal cells increases their growth, it is considered as Lung Cancer (Le Magueresse-Battistoni, 2021).

Due to obesity the human body becomes overweight and thus making it insulin resistant, and leads to Diabetes Type 2 (Mojadadi et al. 2021).

Obese people's subcutaneous fat cells must digest greater nutrition than they could ever handle (Rayon and Briscoe, 2021).

AC. 2.2 Templates

Type of disease

Name of disease

Why Mr. Lex is at risk

What affects the disease would have on Mr. Lex

Deficiency

 Type 2 Diabetes

? Heavy drinking

? Eating fast foods

? Body would be insulin resistant.

? Will shorten his lifespan as it is a chronic disease.

Degeneration

 Obesity

? Alcohol consumption

? Lack of exercise

? High blood pressure

? High cholesterol

Infectious

 Lung Cancer

? Chain Smoking

? Shortness of breath

? Can accumulate fluids around.

Figure 2: Case study 2

(Source: Self-created)

Reference List

Journals

Das, U.N., 2021. “Cell Membrane Theory of Senescence” and the Role of Bioactive Lipids in Aging, and Aging Associated Diseases and Their Therapeutic Implications. Biomolecules11(2), p.241.

Katzir, I., Adler, M., Karin, O., Mendelsohn?Cohen, N., Mayo, A. and Alon, U., 2021. Senescent cells and the incidence of age?related diseases. Aging cell20(3), p.e13314.

Le Magueresse-Battistoni, B., 2021. Endocrine disrupting chemicals and metabolic disorders in the liver: What if we also looked at the female side?. Chemosphere268, p.129212.

Mojadadi, A., Au, A., Salah, W., Witting, P. and Ahmad, G., 2021. Role for selenium in metabolic homeostasis and human reproduction. Nutrients13(9), p.3256.

Rayon, T. and Briscoe, J., 2021. Cross-species comparisons and in vitro models to study tempo in development and homeostasis. Interface focus11(3), p.20200069.

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