Design and fabrication of aerial robot Assignment Sample

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Design and fabrication of aerial robot using ZIGBEE-based interface

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With the rising demand for aerial devices for various purposes, many research and developments projects for unmanned aerial vehicles have been started. These devices have the capabilities to carry out various military and other civilian operations, such as border patrolling& surveillance, collecting temperature and weather data, measuring humidity, and sensing the presence of toxic gas, and many more. The overall purpose of this project is to invent an aerial robot armed with different low-cost sensors like humidity sensor, temperature sensor, andgas detector. The device will be able to fly without a human's direct control. The overall business idea is based on the development of aerial robot device designed on ZIGBEE microcontroller as an interface (Sahal &Sharma). The major features of the device are a humidity sensor, temperature sensor, VGA camera, and humidity sensor. The device could be able to fly up to the range of 2 to 4 feet above the ground. The overall time needed to launch the product in the market is 14 months and the cost incurred in the process will be approximately $500,000

Project Goals

  • To increase the market share of the organization by 5%
  • To develop a differentiated product in order to improve the brand value
  • To raise the annual profit of the company by 4%.
  • To produce ‘one of its kind’aerial device in order to increase the reach of the armed forces and researchers.
  • To employ SMART objectives during the development of the product

Success Criteria

The project’s success would be decided by the performance indicators and success factors. The performance indicators are characterized by the product’s ability to align with the project goals (Serrador& Pinto, 2015). These can be tested by project’s ability to assist the firm to achieve an increment in the market share by at least 3% and profit margin by at least 2%. For this purpose, the product saleshould be able to outrun its overall cost of development. The overall budget of the project is $500,000AUD. The cost of each aerial device is $6000 AUD. In the first stage, 300 units will be produced by the company. A minimum of 50% sale is anticipated. Therefore, the revenue generated by selling 150 units is $900,000 AUD. The company will be able to generate the profit of $1.8 million AUD.

Design and fabrication of aerial robot

Management Approach

Since the project is developing a technological model, the requirement of which will be continuously changing. Therefore, there is a need for project management model which is iterative and grows with time. For that purpose, the interactive and incremental project managementhas been chosen. It will help in dealing with the ever-changing technology and scope of the project (Kerzner& Kerzner, 2017). The development of the aerial robot is quite dynamic and require extreme agile project management. The project cannot be completed in a go and need repetitive action to be performed. This approach would help the team members to keep a regular check on problems associated with the problems and make changes in the constantly evolving system.

Design and fabrication of aerial robot

Scope Planning

The overall aerial robot development project has been bifurcated into four stages. The first stage is collecting requirement. This includes business and project requirements, functional requirements, acceptance and permissions, quality requirements, etc. The next stage is scope definition, wherein project deliverables, constraints, and assumptions would be focused. This would result in project scope description, design acceptance criteria, deliverables, and exclusion of the project. The next is scope control, wherein the prototype testing, product controlling and monitoring, preventive actions, etc., are performed. The final stage is documentation which includes copyright, ISO9001 certification, and other quality assurances are done.

Design and fabrication of aerial robot

Gantt Chart

Cost planning



Direct Cost

Indirect Cost

Senior Manager Hours


Project Manager Hours


Development Team Hours


Project Requirements, ZIGBEE microcontrollers




Transportation Cost


Application Fee, Permission Charges


Advertisement and Marketing


Supply Chain Manager & Logistic Manager


Travelling Cost and other Miscellaneous



Cost in AUD

Total Budget


Manufacturing cost of 1 unit


Total cost of manufacturing 300 Units


Marketing and Advertisement


Rents for Warehouse


Travel for Project


Permission Charges


Salaries of Employees


Taxation Amount


Note: ** Subjected to change

Quality Planning



Cost of Conformance

Cost of non-conformance

Internal Failure

Ineffective communication, technology outdated, poor downtime, defects, and system failure


External Failure

Customer complaints, replacements, warranty and liabilities



Quality planning, R&D, Risk Assessment, simulations, design testing



Benchmarking, audits, process planning, calibration


Internal Failure: This may occur due to poor communication between team members, workers, and supervisors. In addition, improper utilization of machines that results in wastage of time may also cause internal failure and a huge loss.

External Failure: This may occur due to faulty products as a consequence of which time wasted in repairing them may cause huge loss. Sometimes a company has to recall all of its products.

Preventions: To prevent the quality degradation, complete quality plans are required that may eat up some part of the budget. In addition, training of employees may also consume some funds.

Appraisal: There is some kind of audit that is required to be carried out. This may cost some fund to the company and testing and calibration of the equipment regularly also require some funds.

Stakeholder Analysis




What is important to the stakeholder?

How could the stakeholder block the project?

Strategy for engaging the stakeholder

Customer (Armed Forces, weather department)



They are the ultimate boss of the project.

The revenue and sales depend on them.

Developing products according to their needs.




They provide the necessary material to develop the product.

They can disrupt the supply chain of the company

Keeping their demands fulfilled and making supply constant throughout the project




They will provide the necessary funds to initiate the project

If they stop paying, the supply chain will be disturbed and the project may get closed.

Providing information about their investment and how they will get the benefits.

Product Developers



They develop the product based on their expertise and knowledge

They can deny producing the product and stop the project.

Providing them incentives, recognition, and job satisfaction

A good knowledge of stakeholders is important as this would help in assessing their importance and impact on the project (Missonier& Loufrani-Fedida, 2014). The above-provided table is illustrating the types of stakeholders that are associated with the development project of the aerial robot based on ZIGBEE microcontroller. It explained the importance and significance of customers, investors, product development team, and suppliers for the project. In addition to this, it also explained the strategy to make them engaged with the project.

Communication Planning






Feedback Mechanism

Senior Manager

Existing issue with the project

Conference Meeting

Once in a month

Team Leader

Survey at the end of the meeting

Project Manager

Issues with the progress of the project

Weekly report


Team leader

Face-to-Face interview

Team Leaders

The announcement of the team

Face-to-face meeting


Team leader

Meeting Evaluation form

Team Members

Purpose of project

Bulletin board notice

Completion of a major milestone

Team Scribe

Email and feedback forms

Risk Planning


Responsible Likelihood




Supply chain disruption/delays

Logistic Manager5


Lowering and managing the factors causing disruptions

Multiple suppliers must be used.

Third Party Vendor

Marketing Manager 4


Vendor risk assessment

Due diligence can assist in identifying vendors demands.

Change in Technology

Technical Manager 2


Selecting advanced technology and providing training to employees

Proactive approach while choosing a technology for business.

Information Breach

IT Manager 4


Updating the IT systems regularly.

Careful monitoring of data and use robust security solutions.

Staff Management Issues

HR Manager 2


A cross-functional team can help in this.

Job rotations can help in understanding the roles and responsibilities.

Procurement Planning

Design and fabrication of aerial robot


Design and fabrication of aerial robot

Main Issues

Design and fabrication of aerial robot


  • Missonier, S., & Loufrani-Fedida, S. (2014). Stakeholder analysis and engagement in projects: From stakeholder relational perspective to stakeholder relational ontology.  International Journal of Project Management,  32(7), 1108-1122.
  • Kerzner, H., & Kerzner, H. R. (2017).  Project management: a systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Sahal, K., & Sharma, M. R. Voice Communication Over Zigbee Protocol: A Literature Review.   Tech Scholar (CSE), Rajasthan College of Engineering for Women, Jaipur, Rajasthan.
  • Schwalbe, K. (2015).  Information technology project management. Cengage Learning.
  • Kendrick, T. (2015).  Identifying and managing project risk: essential tools for failure-proofing your project. Amacom.
  • Serrador, P., & Pinto, J. K. (2015). Does Agile work?—A quantitative analysis of agile project success.  International Journal of Project Management,  33(5), 1040-1051.
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