Obesity In Individuals With Learning Disability Assignment Sample

Addressing Obesity in Learning Disabilities: Assignment Insights

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IntroductionOfObesity In Individuals With Learning Disability

Identify a UK public health priority within a specific population group of your choice.

The identified group for the following context refers to the obese with learning disabilities (LD).

Include a rationale for choosing this priority and population group

People with LD are prone to be obese and diabetic as they lead a sedentary life and impact on their understanding capabilities of information alongside maintaining communications (Tarantino et al. 2022). In addition, the presence of a condition named “Prader-Willi-syndrome” impacts patients with LD to manage their weight and the impact of the medicine they consume which is directly involved in increasing their weight (Hu et al. 2022). On the other hand, it can also be addressed that people with LD are prone to experience poor health and it affects their ability to learn new skills and manage a healthy lifestyle on a daily basis. This factor impacts them to face issues with controlling weight and managing a healthy lifestyle (He et al. 2022).

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Your rationale should includestatisticsabout its prevalence in the UK and globally if appropriate

In the case of identifying the prevalence of the LD in the UK, it can be addressed that approximately 1.5 million people are suffering from the conditions of LD which addresses the 2.16% of the adult population (Gov.uk, 2023). In addition, over the age of 11, approximately 31% of children with LDs are obese in the UK in comparison with the presence of 21% of the population without LDs by the age of 11 (Rogers et al. 2022). In the case of the UK, 1 out of 3 children are suffering from LDs (Gov.uk, 2023). Apart from that, it can also be stated that 37% of the overall LD people are suffering from severe obesity and 25.9% of the population is suffering from obesity in the UK (Vousden et al. 2022).

In the case of the world population, approximately 69% of the total population is suffering from obesity and among these, approximately 36% are suffering from LDs (Kloka et al. 2022). Besides, it is also notifiable that approximately 50% of the overall population suffering from LDs, have a comorbid physical health deteriorating conduction (Lee et al. 2022). However, it was also evident that approximately 80% of the overall case of LDs are suffering from reading disabilities, known as Dyslexia (Bawady et al. 2022).


Discuss the impact of this concern on themental and physical healthon the chosen population group.

It includes overlooking the population's health needs and misattribution to the LD and resulting in suffering from complications which can be easily eliminated by alleviation of the proper care approach and support (Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2023a). From the guidelines of NICE, the mental health issues which are associated with the identified population group are included under the ICD-10 and show common mental disorders in the form of depression and anxiety disorders (Nice.org.uk, 2023). This is followed by the prevalence of psychoses in the form of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders and dementia, eating disorders, excessive consumption of alcohol and misuses of substances that have adverse impact on their health conditions (Chaudhuri et al. 2023). In addition, they also suffer from attachment disorders and sexually inappropriate behaviour and developing neuro conditions such as autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (Gregson et al. 2022). It also includes problematic behaviour in the form of challenging situations and aggression, destruction and prone to self-harming behaviour that are not included in NICE guideline. While addressing the prevalence of mental health issues in the identified population, approximately 14.5% of the overall populations in the UK have shown the symptoms of ADHD and autism, Dementia, facility disorder who are under the age of 65 and more (Launders et al. 2022). However, 43.8% of the overall adults with moderate to profound LD have shown issues with managing behaviours and are prone to problematic behaviour in the form of excessive aggression (Moss et al. 2022). It also includes 36% of the total young population under the age of 5 to 16 years who have shown managing their mental health and the overall behaviour (Dahlén et al. 2022).

While addressing physical health issues, these are extremely common among children and young people and adults with LD (Chaput et al. 2023). This includes problematic behaviour and "visual impairment, hearing issues, impacted cerumen, increased chance of gastro-oesophageal reflux disorder, constipation, diabetes, osteoporosis, contracture alongside balance impairment and mobility issues, thyroid problems, asthma and pain" (Norris et al. 2022). There are a wide range of reasons for this context and mostly focusing on the underline situations that impact their conditions and physical health such as socioeconomic status, lifestyle management and environmental factors and sub optimal support towards healthcare which impact on their physical and mental health issues (Pearl and Hopkins, 2022). Besides, it is also notifiable that certain psychotropic medications are available for mental health issues and which have significant impact on increasing physical health risk in the form of obesity and sedentary lifestyle. These are very common among the identified populations with LD (Dalrymple et al. 2022).

Discuss howhealth beliefswithin the population group impact the prevalence of this health concern.

Stigma and discrimination towards the identified population grows numerous consequences on the psychological and physical health and in the public health context it is widely ignored. The common perception refers to the justification of weight stigmatisation and blaming the individual instead of motivating them to change their lifestyle towards a healthier option (Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2023b). This threatens their health generations of health disparities as well interfering with their intervention effort and impacts on close interpersonal relationships. Besides, they are also tagged with specific characteristics and encounter unusual facial appearance that is impactful enough to delay the overall diagnosis and interventions process (Bowman et al. 2022).

Define and discusssocial determinants (SDH) of healthandhealth inequalities.Consider how these impact upon your chosen population group which increases their risks of poorer health outcomes.

SDH are considered non-medical factors that can influence the overall health outcome and also addresses the condition that helps the population to grow, work, live and age (Iott et al. 2022). SDH in the form of poverty, unequal access to the healthcare process and lack of education, stigmatisation and racism are underline contributing factors towards increasing health inequalities (Jeamjitvibool et al. 2022). While education is associated with the management of health via maintaining social economic status in the form of income and occupations, it also impacts on health literacy and health outcome by generating a healthy lifestyle (Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2023c). On the other hand, a stable source of income also elevates the capability of affording healthier options for food and care approaches to treat the identified population.

Explorenational and global influenceson this health concern.ExploreUKpublic health policiesto address it

The WHO has recommended a fact sheet to identify the number of the population suffering from obesity and LD and using "global health observatory and global target tracking tool" for policy initiatives (Who.int, 2023).

In terms of addressing the UK public health policies for the identified population, there is a "Eatwell guide" which is a policy tool that is used to define government recommendations on managing healthier and achievable balanced diets by using 5 significant food groups for the people suffering from excess weight (Raffoul et al. 2022). This is followed by the "NICE obesity pathway that helps in sign posting guidance and resources and standards for obese with LD (Bird et al. 2022). It also includes the policy of "commissioning excellent nutrition and hydration" that is crucial to provide necessary guidance and supporting patients for meeting their care needs (McKenzie et al. 2022).

Definehealth promotion

Health promotion is considered a process that enables the population to elevate its control over the health alongside improving the overall healthy behaviours. The overall promotional context primarily focuses on the individuals' behaviour in terms of accessing a wide range of social and environmental aspects and improving health intervention (Stark et al. 2022). The primary principles of health promotion refer to the development of personal skills and creation of a supportive environment and the implementation of community action (McKenzie et al. 2022).

This is important as it helps in developing and improving the overall public policies and managing orders for the maintaining health teams by health service providers and healthcare professionals (Wigham et al. 2022). The primary aim of health promotion refers to decreasing the difference between the presence and achievable health status and ensuring equal opportunities with the aim of ensuring the use of health resources and achieving the overall health potential (Koushede and Donovan, 2022). This is capable of addressing the unmet needs for the identified population while understanding their requirements to access healthcare approaches.

Discuss therole of the nurseand the significance NMC Platform 2 to nursing practice

The role of NMC nurses refers to advising strategic plan policy and education context to support the proper development and implementations of educational practice standards in nursing professions (Nmc.org.uk, 2023). This is followed by managing code of conduct to regulate the practice of nurses and midwives throughout the UK while associating practices in England (Ramaswamy et al. 2022).

Consider hownurses can support this population to adopt healthy lifestyles to reduce poor health outcomes. You may choose to use a health promotion model to guide you. You can also use an example of nurses working in this area

Nurses are accountable to identify the safe and effective activity plan for the population growth while managing their interpersonal interaction and identifying healthier choices by involving the local community for a personalised care (Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2023d).

"Sports-based physical activity programs and aerobic and strength training exercise programs" are significant intervention models that are used by the healthcare providers to educate the patients by providing physical therapy to regiment their performance for dealing with obesity (Petrigna and Musumeci, 2022). It also helps the learning and physical needs of the identified populations by providing riding equipment by involving the local communities for effective results (Eriksson, 2022).


The following context has successfully addressed the impact of the identified conditions in mental and physical health and health beliefs, social determinants of health and social care and the factors that contribute towards increasing health inequalities for the identified disease conditions and the country population. Besides, it was also identified that obesity in LD is considered a significant factor that contributes towards health inequalities and higher risks of other diseases among patients with LD. This also impacts the patients by reducing their life expectancy and higher levels of unmet requirements in relation to healthcare and that is the fundamental reason for including the population group while discussing the following context.


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