Organizations in Business Assignment Sample

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Introduction Of Organizations in Business Assignment Sample

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In this report, a brief discussion about the different types of organizations will be done. The different organizations' sizes, purposes, and scope will be defined. How the organization functions are linked with their organization objectives will be discussed. The Advantages and Disadvantages of organization functions will also be discussed. What types of positive and negative impacts the macro environment is doing on the organization will be defined. The PESTEL model will also define. How to strengths and weaknesses of the organization are interrelated with the external environment will also be discussed in brief, and how the SWOT analysis has an impact on the decision making of the organization will be defined in brief, which helps in better understanding their impact on the organization and impact of both the micro and macro environment on the business objectives will also be defined.

LO 1

P1 Different types and purposes of organizations

1. Non-profit government organizations are those types of public sector organizations that are made to serve society without the motive of just earning profit only from it. In this type of organization, the owners focus on how they can better solve the problem of the society by providing them some goods or services without keeping the thing in mind to earn from it.

The purpose of this organization is to provide the facilities to the people in society to improve their living and solve the problems and issues they are facing.

2. Small Scale organizations are that type of private organization which is small in terms of the size of their employees and terms of their operation. In this type of organization, the capital input is less, and they start their business with a very small amount of product, and they serve in a very small area because they don't have enough funds to put in it.

This type of organization aims to launch their product or service in the market with the motive of earning and capturing a target market for their product and earning a profit.

3. A sole proprietorship is a type of organization business run by a single owner who invested in the business to earn profit. In this type of business, only one person is the owner and a maximum of 2 people in which one will be the servant.

This type of organization aims to earn that much money so the owner can survive their livelihood and have money for their expenses (Sani et al., 2018).

P2. The size and scope of the different types of organizations

Size:

  1. The size of the Non Profit organization can be small or big depending on the owner of the organization. Their motive and objective of opening such type of business as this type of organization's motive are to serve the society without having the motive of just earning profit so according to that, and their market size is also different on their objectives.
  2. Small Scale organizations are those whose size is not big. They have very few employees in their organization, which does not exceed more than 50 employees. They have a small investment in their business which depends upon their area of the market and the type of the product.
  3. The size of the Sole proprietorship business or organization is very small as this is only controlled and run by the single person who is the owner of the company; their market share, profit, and expenses size are very small limited to a small area where they located (Akbar et al., 2020).

Scope of these organizations:

  1. Non Profit government organizations they established only with the motive of serving the society, and they don't have the motive to earn profit from the product or services which they serve in the society, and they only serve those things which will be good for the society and which save the environment too.
  2. The Small Scale organization's scope is vast as they cover a variety of activities in their business, and they are also labor-oriented. They also need a small amount of investment in this business, and they don't need to use a high level of technology to run their business.
  3. The Sole Proprietorship is an organization in which the investment made by the owner is very less as they don't need to raise a high amount of funds from the outside, as from their own savings funds help they can start their business. They have less risk and fewer liabilities (Rathi et al., 2017).

M1 Link of business objectives and their product or services with their structure, size, and scope

  • All the businesses have a direct link between their objectives, product, or services with their size, scope, and structure as it can be seen that a small scale organization will start their business with their objective of capturing a small market with their product and services and to earn a small amount of profit from it. The small scale organization's motive is to start their business with a small scale and then, after their success, take to the high level and how the structure, size, and scope help them achieve their objectives.
  • Non-profit government organizations also have a direct link between this as according to their objective of how much people and what type of product or services they want to serve to the society according to that they make their business size small or big and according to that they make their organization structure so that they can achieve their goals and objectives with the help of this. When the objective is big to serve a large level of society, then their business size will be big according to their needs and wants (Dong et al., 2020).
  • In the sole proprietorship, the owner's objective is to sell their product or service in the small area only where they establish their business. According to that, they start their business with a small size only, and their business structure is also very simple because it is owned and controlled by a single person only. They have very little risk and liabilities, which directly match or link with their objective of earning profit in a very small amount and scale according to their investment (Sanjeev& Natrajan, 2020).

LO2.

P3. Link of organization functions with their objectives and structures of the organization

  • Finance the organization function have a direct link with their objectives and structures as according to their finance of the business they made their objectives that how much they have to spend on which activity and how much they need to get a return on their investment on the business as without finance no business can run and operate their business activities so the finance function of the organization is very important to be done.
  • According to the organization objective that why they have opened their business and what product and services they have to serve in the market according to that they do design and production function of the organization and this is also directly linked with each other as according to their product objective and structure of the organization they will design their business layout and do that type and many productions of goods which they needed to run their business (Rouhani et al., 2016).
  • To achieve any objective, the organization needs Human resources, another organization's function. No business can run without the help of the people in it, as they are the ones who give the business a direction, and they are the ones who will run and achieve every objective of the organization and with the help of the human resource the structure of the organization is made.
  • Marketing and Sales function of the organization is also linked with their objectives and structure as every organization objective is to make the high sales of their products and services which they build and with the help of the good organization structure and good marketing and sales of those products and services they will be able to achieve their set goals and objectives of the organization as in this way this can be said that organization functions are directly linked with their objectives and structures (San Cristóbal et al., 2018).

M2. Organizational functions interrelationships advantages and disadvantages and their impact on organizational structure

Advantages:

  • Operational Speed- The interrelationships between the functions helps the organization speed up their operations. When all the functions departments work together, there will be more accuracy in the work and all the tasks will be complete on time without any delay.
  • The clarity in work- This brings good clarity when all the functions of the organizations will be interlinked and worked together with the focus on the single objective of the organization.
  • Specialization- This brings the specialization in the organization's work as when all the employees will be worked on the functions according to their skills and knowledge. It will bring specialization in their job work (Lin et al., 2020).

Disadvantages:

  • The weak bond between the different functions of employees as everyone has a different specialist in their work will reduce the strong bond between them because of different knowledge and skills and their job profile.
  • Coordination will not be good between the functions group of the organization, as everyone has a different way of doing their job so different functions group people have their way of doing their work in their time and this will lead to lack of proper coordination between them.

Their impact on Organizational Structure

  • They may have a good or bad impact on the organizational structure depending on the type of the relationship between the different functions group that how they coordinate and work and behave with each other and according to that it will have a direct impact on each other.
  • The command chain of the different functions department will flow systematically then it will have a good flow of the information in the organization structure, as when all finance, marketing and sales, and production department will share the necessary information well then their work will be done on time and in an effective manner (LETKOVÁ, 2018).

D1. Critical Analysis of different business structures and different organizations functions

  • It can be seen that the type of the business structure will be there that type of impact they have on their organizational functions. As every business structure has its way of working and flow of information, it often creates complexity in the organization.
  • Suppose the business structure of the different departments is coordinated in a good way with each other. In that case, they will be able to manage all the organizational functions properly, which can lead to the achievement of the organization's objectives (Remeikien? et al., 2019).
  • Every organization follows a different business structure according to the business's size, which also affects the functioning of the business. As if the organization's size is large, it will have more complexity in its functions, and if the size is small, it will have less complexity in it.

LO3.

P4. Positive and Negative impact of Macro Environment on business operations

Positive:

  • When the government brings out the new changes in the industries which come into their favor of the business firm, then they have a positive impact on its operations as they will be able to launch their new or old product in some other country also which they may not be able to launch before.
  • New Technology brings out new ways of producing or making products for the organization, which helps them reduce their overall cost of the product and increase the company's profit.
  • When the purchasing power becomes good for the consumer, this will positively impact the business operation as now the consumer will buy more, and the business will produce more and sell more (Pupo Kairuz et al., 2020).

Negative Impacts:

  • If the business product doesn't suit the environment and the society, they will be a risk and negative impact on their business operation. If people start thinking that the company's product harms their environment and is against society, then the people will stop buying their product. Businesses will face issues in their operation.
  • When the country's economic condition is not good, it will directly negatively impact the business operation. If the country may face the situation of inflation and deflation, the condition of the market will be bad and not stable. Then people will buy less, which will directly negatively impact the business operation (Phadermrod et al., 2019).
  • Suppose the government changes the legal laws for the organization of any industry, and it will not be in favor of the organization. In that case, it will negatively impact their operation, as government changes the law like from now, the prices of this particular raw material will be high, and this sort of products can't be sell in this country.

M3. Macro environment analysis within the organization with the help of the PESTLE Model

PESTLE stands for:

Political: The political element affects all aspects of organizational activity and function in different countries directly or directly. The degree of uncertainty, instability and policy decisions influence the company's priorities, goals, and accomplishments today.

Economic: The world's economic conditions also affect the way the business works, as money flows throughout the country and people spend less. Organizational profits are affected if economic growth slows. Therefore, the economic condition of the country in which a corporation operates affects its operations. These factors, which directly affect the organization's profitability, influence the economy and its performance. Interest rates, unemployment or job rates, raw materials, and exchange rates are included.

Social: The social dimension includes the attitudes and values of workers who affect their companies by shifting mindsets and thinking of the goods and services of the business. These are social forces that describe new patterns.

Technology: The technology allows the company to enhance its domestic and foreign market and helps to find new ways of manufacturing goods and services to improve its profitability. In certain cases, the focus is only on advancement in emerging technology, but it is also important to consider new distribution, production and logistics (Pupo Kairuz et al., 2020).

Legal: The legal factors suggest that the organization should follow ethical standards and provide security and a safe and healthy environment for its employees and staff during the process or production of its goods. It is the government that protects and supports the people.

Environmental: The environmental aspect causes issues for the company to sell their goods on the marketplace because the consumer has now been so educated that they want only products that do not affect the product in any way or because other companies use chemicals that cause problems disposed of. The environmental aspect is a very significant issue for the company.

LO4

P5. Strength and Weaknesses of the organization identified with the help of internal and external environment

Strengths:

  • With internal Analysis, the organization gets to know how many over and below the workforce in their organization to get a balanced workforce.
  • They can know about their competitor's policies and actions from the external Analysis.
  • They can know their market position how good they are in their target market.
  • Able to know about new opportunities in the market.
  • They will be able to plan their training and development program for their employees by internal analyses, which help them increase their employees' skills and knowledge to deal with the new tasks in the job.

Weaknesses:

  • If the company finds a new technology opportunity for their business, but their financial position will be weak, they will not be able to capture the new opportunities.
  • Sometimes while doing the internal Analysis, the manager doesn't focus more on finding out the problems in their employees; it will further create issues.
  • Improper prediction about the future market through external Analysis can lead to their loss of finance (Abdel-Basset et al., 2018).

P6. Strengths and weaknesses interrelate with external macro factors.

The strength and weaknesses of the organizations are directly interrelated with their external macro-environment: political, economic, social, technological, environmental, and legal factors. All this external environment shows how much they have strengths and weaknesses.

In this strength for the organization can be like if new political government come into power and their new rule and policies can become a good opportunity for their business expands and growth and this can be the strength for the organization as same, we can see the Technological factor also be a strength for the company as new technology can bring new ways of production of the product for the organization which can boost their production and sale of the product (Nakhratova et al., 2017).

In this Weaknesses can be like legal factors or legal laws made by the government to control the operation and activities of the organization, as if government launch new law to any industries like food industry like this standards will be regulated new then their old procedure will be slow down, and this can become a weakness for the organization.

M4. SWOT analysis impact on the organization decision making

The SWOT analysis stands for Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunity, and Threats.

  • The SWOT impacts the company's decisions as if the organization sees an opportunity in the external environment that by adopting new technology, they can boost their production. Also, they can reduce their overall expenses or cost of the product, but the company is financially weaker financially, which has a direct impact on their decision-making.
  • Suppose the company has a strength in their marketing and sales department. In that case, they can market their product in a very good way to capture the good target market. Still, at the same time, the organization has threats in terms of their competitors as if their competitors are already providing the same good product with more features in it then their marketing will not become effective, and this is also an impact on the decision making of the organization (Sutrisno et al., 2016).

D2. Macro and Micro both impact on organizational objectives and decision making:

  • If the organization's objective is to expand their business in a new market with their existing product, but they don't have enough internal finance and funds that they cannot meet their objective, and their decision-making to do so gets affected.
  • The organization decides to have a new skills and knowledge development training program in the organization. Still, the organization's employees are resisting to organize that then their decision making gets affected by them.
  • The organization decides to achieve their profit maximization objective by expanding their business in some other countries also. When they get ready to do so suddenly, the government of that country gets changed, and they bring new rules and regulations, which brings obstacles in the front of their new objective (Remeikien? et al., 2019).
  • The organization decides to produce more goods for the future demand by predicting the market and decides to do so. Still, in the future, the country's economic conditions will go down, due to which the income of the people also goes down. They decide not to buy many products this time, and this is how the organization's decision-making is affected due to the change in the economy's condition.
  • The organization has good strength in terms of their human resource, and they are deciding to take more new projects for their organization. Still, somehow such conditions arise that the workforce decides to leave the organization, and due to this, their decision-making of new projects gets affected due to the human resources (Nakhratova et al., 2017).

Conclusion

From the above report, it can be concluded that every organization has its objectives and motives, which decide the organization's size and purpose, and their size, scope, and purposes are directly linked with their objectives, which creates their future. The organization's functions are also linked with their objectives as the organization's functions will be done according to the needs and want of the organization to achieve the objectives they have set. The macro-environment has both positive and negative impacts on the business operations, their decision-making, and their strengths and weaknesses. Their strength and weaknesses are directly linked with their macro environment. It is also found that the SWOT analysis of the organization is also having an impact on the organization's decision-making.

References

Abdel-Basset, M, Mohamed, M, and Smarandache, F, 2018, 'An extension of neutrosophic AHP-SWOT analysis for strategic planning and decision-making', Symmetry10(4), p.116.

Akbar, M, A, Mahmood, S, Alsanad, A, Shafiq, M, Gumaei, A, and Alsanad, A, A, A, 2020, 'Organization Type and Size based Identification of Requirements Change Management Challenges in Global Software Development', IEEE Access.

Dong, P, Tu, X, Liang, Z, Kang, B, H, and Zhong, S, 2020, 'Plant and animal chromatin three-dimensional organization: similar structures but different functions', Journal of experimental botany71(17), pp.5119-5128.

LETKOVÁ, N, 2018, 'MACRO ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT-CASE OF SLOVAK REPUBLIC', Social & Economic Revue16(3).

Lin, M, S, Song, H, J, Sharma, A, and Lee, S, 2020, 'Formal and informal SME financing in the restaurant industry: The impact of macroenvironment', Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management45, pp.276-284.

Nakhratova, E, E, Ilina, I, Y, Zotova, A, I, Stepanov, M, S, and Dusenko, S, V, 2017, 'Modern peculiarities of SWOT analysis when taking management decisions by Russian TOP managers', International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research15(7), pp.187-194.

Phadermrod, B, Crowder, R, M, and Wills, G, B, 2019, 'Importance-performance analysis based SWOT analysis, International Journal of Information Management44, pp.194-203.

Pupo Kairuz, A, R, Ponce Ruiz, D, V, Viteri Pita, G, F, and Bustillo Mena, F, S, 2020, 'PESTEL analysis of environment state responsibility in Ecuador', Neutrosophic Sets & Systems34.

Rathi, D, and Given, L, M, 2017, 'Non-profit organizations' use of tools and technologies for knowledge management: a comparative study, Journal of Knowledge Management.

Remeikien?, R, ?epel, M, and Gaspar?nien?, L, 2019, 'Evaluation of e-business micro and macro determinants by multiple indicators multiple causes model', Ininerin? ekonomika, pp.591-600.

Rouhani, S, Ashrafi, A, Ravasan, A, Z, and Afshari, S, 2016, The impact model of business intelligence on decision support and organizational benefits', Journal of Enterprise Information Management.

San Cristóbal, J, R, Fernández, V, and Diaz, E, 2018, 'An analysis of the main project organizational structures: Advantages, disadvantages, and factors affecting their selection', Procedia computer science138, pp.791-798.

Sani, J, A, Sharip, N, A, A, Othman, N, and Hussain, M, R, M, 2018, 'Relationship between Types of Organization with the Quality of Soft-scape Construction Work in Malaysia', Asian Journal of Quality of Life (AjQoL)3(12), pp.137-146.

Sanjeev, R, and Natrajan, N, S, 2020, 'An Empirical Research on the Role of Cloud-Based HRIS & HRM Functions in Organizational Performance', In Decision Analytics Applications in Industry (pp. 21-35). Springer, Singapore.

Sutrisno, A, Kwon, H, M, Gunawan, I, Eldridge, S, and Lee, T, R, 2016, 'Integrating SWOT analysis into the FMEA methodology to improve corrective action decision making', International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management17(1), pp.104-126.

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