Strengths and Weaknesses of Counselling Approaches Assignment Sample

Explore the Psychodynamic, Humanistic, and Behavioral approaches to counseling, their strengths and weaknesses, and implications for both counselors and clients.

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Introduction OfUnderstand The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Main Theoretical Approaches To Counselling

Counselling is a healing technique that is created to help people deal with moving, sociable, psychological, and behavioral problems. The primary purpose of counselling is to help people to develop the skills and techniques to manage their own problems and enhance their overall cognitive health. Counselling helps every individual to deal with stress and pressure by introducing peace techniques, and cognitive-behavioral approaches that help them to overcome negative thoughts. The assessment sheds light on the three important approaches of counseling and their strength and weaknesses also. However, the report shows every individual's aspects of those theories for the counsellor and client both.

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Evaluation of three methods of counselling and their essences for the counselor and client both

The methods of the counseling process help of every individual dealing with depression stage. During the healing process, the counsellor is providing emotional support for helping the individual to identify and change the negative pattern. Counselling methods are helping people to recover who had bad experiences in their childhood. Counsellors are providing the best skills and support during the recovery process. There are types of theories which are used in the counselling process. “Psychodynamic approach”, this approach concentrates on examining unconscious opinions and emotions to help people gain an understanding of their conduct and feelings (Watkins and Mosher, 2020). The second effective approach is “the Humanistic Approach”, this approach concentrates on the person's subjective knowledge and highlights personal development, self-understanding, and self-approval. The third important strategy is “The Behavioral Approach”, this approach to counselling is a type of therapy that concentrates on observable behavior and the methods by which the background and education backgrounds can influence the following client's behavior.

Strengths and weaknesses of the theoretical approaches

Psychodynamic Approach

“The psychodynamic approach” to counselling is the form of the theories of “Sigmund Freud”.

This approach concentrates on examining the unconscious mentality and how it affects a person's behavior, opinions, and sentiments. As per the references of Rønnestad et al. 2019, it is established on the belief that the past experiences of clients are may affect the following client's behavior and emotions.

Strength:One of the main strengths of this approach is that this method is mostly focused on the effects of childhood experiences. Focusing on those experiences is important cause it's helped to develop the personality. In this approach, the nurture activities are also recorded like the person's early childhood experiences. The approach focuses on individual needs without judging the following person. However, in this therapy techniques are really performed on those people who are experienced psychodynamic convalescence.

Weaknesses:There are a few types of limitations or weaknesses to be found in “The psychodynamic approach”. However, during the period of psychodynamic healing, most of the time the counsellor ignores the components regarding the biological purpose. In the case of, addiction then it can be a matter of genetic proclivity and in this matter ignoring the facts is not the right option. Based on the views of Steindl et al. (2022), there are excesses of people who do not believe that childhoods experience may impact someone's behavior. A person's behavior and opinions are may be changed fully due to the bad impact of childhoods experience. Furthermore, one of the weaknesses is the insurance institutions are not cover this psychodynamic period of healing. The insurance providers are said that the healing process is using the subconscious mind and it does not cover by the institutions.

Humanistic Approach:The humanistic approachto counselling is concentrated on the extent of the person's “experience, feelings, and self-concept”. It highlights the need for unconditional positive respect, compassion, and realism in the healing relationship. The method of humanistic includes a number of theories like “Client-centred therapy, Gestalt theory and Logotherapy”. However, the method always focuses on that the clients never get depressed (Smith et al. 2022). They are talking to the person in a very friendly way and do not recommend any type of action to the person.

Strength:The trainee counsellor of the humanistic approach is valued each individuals idea. The peoples are more like to expose their idea and tell the trainee about all of this. In this approach, the unconscious minds and behavior are monitored in an effective way. The easiest way to collect data is by genuine insight rather than qualitative forms. The counsellor of this approach method is focusing the client's journey rather than the other information. The methods of client centered are most favorable for the clients. The following clients feel more comfortable during this healing process.

Weaknesses:There are some kinds of weaknesses in this approach they are like the approach is the opposite of deterministic law. The approach of humanistic are always supporting free but the deterministic law states that one at a time only a single course is available. In this approach, the counsellor experienced plays a vital role in the healing process. However, if the counsellor is not so experienced then he is not able to guide the client on the right path, Based on the reports of, (2023), an effective learning style must be known to the counsellors. In a few cases, it was found that the counsellors are not properly trained and they applied the same techniques to everyone.

Each individual's issues are also different in that case same techniques are not be worked properly.

Behavioral Approach

“The Behavioral Approach” is evaluating the following client's behavior and outcomes. This approach to counselling is a type of therapy that concentrates on observable behavior and the methods by which the background and education experiences can affect the following person's behavior. As per the reference of Rhodes et al. (2019), the methods of the behavioral approach are following the trendy process of natural science.

Strength:This approach is successfully implemented in classical conditioning as well as operant conditioning. The most common uses for treating phobias are “Systematic desensitization”. The desensitization is basically based on classical conditioning. The basic uses of scientific methods are one of the effective ways of counselling.

Weaknesses:There are also some types of weakness are be found in this approach. One of the limitations is that too much use of the nurture side may create a debate situation. The experts are always suggested that all methods are needed to learn properly (Tadros and Owens, 2021). There are some kinds of ethical issues are raised by experiments on animals. However, this approach technique is always focused on past results. On this theory, it said that the theory regarding learning is may less effective for humans by comparing it to the animals.

Briefly discuss the implications of those three approaches for the counsellor

“The psychodynamic approach” to counselling is concentrated on investigating unconscious views, sentiments, and manners that may be affecting the client's current experiences. It is based on the belief that the past experiencesof clients are may affect the following client's behavior and feelings.

For the counsellor:Specify a strong healing partnership by creating connection and confidence with the client. Analyze the client's childhood experiences and analysis the reason why the experiences can affect the person's behavior. The counsellors during this healing period encourage the clients to detail their thoughts and emotions. However, during this healing period, the counsellors also encourage the clients to repress their unconscious fear to them.

“The humanistic approach” to counselling is concentrated on the extent of the person's “experience and self-concept” (Ottman et al. 2020). It emphasizes the need for unconditional positive respect, compassion, and realism in the healing relationship.

For the counsellor:The counsellors are able to create a warm and validating relationship with the client by energetically listening, displaying empathy, and being non-judgmental. Peoples are more comfortable when the front persons are not so judgmental about their opinions. The clients freely share their experiences and thoughts with the counsellors. However, the counsellors are helps to achieve insight into their behaviors. Counsellors help the clients to identify their own strengths and abilities. Based on the views of Fisher (2019), increasing the self-identity helps the persons for growth in their personal life. In this approaches the counsellors are more authentic and honest in that relationship.

“The Behavioral Approach” approach to counselling is a type of therapy that concentrates on observable behavior and the methods by which background and education experiences can affect the following person's behavior.

For the Counselor:In this approach, the counsellor needs to be identified each individual's specific behavior that the following clients need to change. Every individual has different kinds of issues and each issue has a different solution. The issues may be the phobia or the client wanting to improve their communication skills. The counsellor should operate with the client to determine the motivations that guide the client's behavior. This could be environmental aspects or inner thoughts and emotions. Furthermore, the counsellor is able to identify the issues then the next step is developing a suitable plan for the clients.

Developing the plan is not the only work after the plan it should be monitoring how the clients perform. In that case, the counsellors can develop an investigation plan or theory for monitoring the functions.

Briefly discuss the implications of those three approaches for the client

Outcomes for clients in the psychodynamic approach:The clients need to be ready for sharing their past experiences with the counsellor. There are no types of an excuse to be granted. The clients need to share their past experiences even if they feel awkward or unhappy. However, the clients need to learn how their past bad experience affects their present-day life. Always trying to pay focus on the emotions and understanding the issues. The more the clients feel free in front of the counsellor more the improvements are shown. However, this approach is about supporting clients to achieve insight into their insentient opinions, sentiments, and manners (Collyer et al. 2020). By facilitating this approach, both” the counsellor and the client” can work jointly to investigate the root reasons for the client's problems and develop plans for metamorphosis and recovery.

Outcomes for clients in the Humanistic approach:The clients need to be honest in front of the counsellor about their experiences or opinions. There is no need to hide any type of information from the counsellor. The clients need to plan an active role when the healing process is going on. The clients need to be participating in every discussion programme with the counselor. Without discussing the issues it becomes more difficult to solve them. Moreover, the clients need to participate in the programme of self-caring. Thus, this approach is about promoting a confirming and licensing relationship between the counsellor and the client. By facilitating this approach, both the counsellor and the client can work together to develop plans for metamorphosis and recovery.

Outcomes for clients in the Behavioral approach:The client should determine the exact conduct they want to modify, and be ready to work towards that difference. However, the clients need to be triggers that lead to the changing behavior and share this experience quite the counsellor. Overall, this approach is to explore the core logic for the client's problems and designs strategies for transition and healing.


The report contains the most favorable three approaches to understanding mental health issues. There is a brief analysis all of three approaches along with their strength and weaknesses. Counselling can help people to solve their issues with different kinds of subjects. Those approaches help the clients to overcome the issues and set healthy boundaries across them. Doing one of those approaches also helps the clients to improve their communication skills. However, the report includes the outcomes for clients in every individual approach. There are different types of outcomes for the both the clients and counsellors are being shown. It's also said by the therapist that the clients need to share their past experiences even if they feel awkward or depressed.


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