Understanding Type Two Diabetes Mellitus Assignment Sample

Comprehensive Study on Understanding Type Two Diabetes Mellitus Assignment

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Introduction Of Understanding Type Two Diabetes Mellitus

The chosen health condition in the study is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and its effects on the human body. The type of diabetes is referred to as the most common type which occurs due to the high glucose level in the blood or which is called high blood sugar (Bellary, 2021). Blood glucose that is concerned here is the most important part of food that mainly provides energy in our body. Insulin is the type of hormone that is produced by the pancreas and it helps glucose to get into the cell for providing energy (Cai, 2020). In this type of disease, the insulin is not produced properly or it cannot help the whole glucose to go inside the cell due to which the glucose stays in the blood and creates the introduction of the disease.

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Aetiology of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Aetiology is the cause that can create the issues of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a type of disease that can cause due to many reasons and the specific reason is not known. The type of disease is caused due to less production of insulin hormone and this is the reason why the glucose stays in the blood and misbalances the blood sugar level (Halim, 2019). The part of the disease can also be formed due to the lifestyle factor and due to the effect of the genes (Medicine LibreText, 2022). The causes, which are noticed for the impact of type 2 diabetes, are:

Obesity and overweight

Type 2 diabetes is very common for people who are overweight or have issues with obesity. The accumulation of fat in the body and the production of belly fat can sometimes become insulin resistance and create risks for the person with type 2 diabetes. The extra fat in the body can be a risk because the extra fat holds the insulin from doing its work of glucose conversion. The location of the body fat is also very important to have knowledge about the issue created due to the less inactiveness of the hormone insulin (Cheng, 2021). Fat-like belly fat can affect intensely the production of insulin, which creates a risk for the implementation of type 2 diabetes (Niddk, 2023). The belly fat is the part of the body that can block the usage of insulin and due to this; the glucose stays in the blood and plays a crucial role in producing the disease type 2 diabetes. After affecting the blood glucose level the type of diabetes can be a very risky factor for the imposition of the factors that can affect the heart and vessels of the body. Obesity and body fat can be maintained by having control over the body mass index and this can be helpful for keeping a record of body weight for the regulation of the glucose level. Physical activity needs to be there all the time, this is the only way by which the body's glucose can be decreased, and the blood sugar level can be controlled. Regular exercise and a controlled diet can cause remedies for the implication of the diseases.

Insulin resistance

Type 2 diabetes is the kind of disease that can cause due to insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is the most discussed topic that can cause due to many reasons. The condition in which the muscle, liver, and fat cells do not receive enough insulin and this is the reason for which the glucose cannot enter into the blood cells to produce energy (Kostov, 2019). At the first stage of the disease, the pancreas starts producing a flow of insulin at a greater level to meet the demand of the body and over time, it decreases because the insulin failed to produce insulin and this can cause a higher risk of blood sugar. Insulin is the hormone that can do many activities in the body by producing a huge impact on digestion and it helps in converting glucose into cell energy so that the cells of the human body can produce higher energy in the normal life process. Insulin can also convert glucose into fat for long-term use in the body.

Genes and family factors

Certain genes of type 1 diabetes develop type 2 diabetes that means the person who has type 1 diabetes can be prone to develop type 2 diabetes, with the effect of some of the genes of type 1 diabetes. The type of disease can be hereditary and it can affect the racial group. The type of gene can have an impact on the human body by producing obesity and overweight that can later develop the risk of type 2 diabetes. Gene can be an effective way by which the disease can be transferred from one body to another into the same race(Cole, 2020). The disease can be impacted particular races like African Americans, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Asian American etc. Type 2 diabetes can only be controlled with the effect of physical exercises and the maintenance of the diet for decreasing the effect of diabetes. Physical activity can be actively used for increasing the effectiveness of insulin and this makes the disease to be hindered (Waugh and Grant, 2018). The gene is the most effective part of the human body that can cause the importance of glucose involvement and this produces the effect of diabetes.

Physiological Impacts of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

There is a vast physiological impact that can occur due to the presence of type 2 diabetes in the human body. The mental condition of the people gets involved due to the impact of diabetes. Diabetes can cause changes in the day-to-day routine that can be very disappointing for the affected patient. The prescribing doctor can change the diet plan of the patient and also he can instruct the patient to avoid sugary content in the diet and alcohol avoidance was instructed that could cause a mental effect in the patients (Ruiz, 2020). The regular need for checkups can annoy the patient and regular expenses due to the effect of diabetes and medicines can make the patient disappointed. This regular condition can hinder the mental health of a person and the after effect can be the loss of energy and cannot do important tasks. There can be some specific conditions effective for the importance of type 2 diabetes and this can cause some regulated issues.

  • People living with type 1 and type 2 diabetes can have an increased risk of anxiety and eating disorders.
  • It is noticed that the rate of depression is two times greater for people with diabetes than that of normal people.
  • People with type 1 diabetes can have more irregular diets than that people with type 2 diabetes and due to the fact that their mental condition of them is more distorted
  • Women with type 2 diabetes also suffer from the hindrance to mental health caused due to the issue of binge eating.

Blood sugar fluctuation can be very effective for the mental health condition. It can deteriorate the condition of mental health due to the impact of fluctuating sugar levels, which can cause mental symptoms, fatigue, trouble thinking and anxiety (IS, 2019). The presence of diabetes can be distressful and it can cause stress, depression, and anxiety in the patient. 33 to 50 per cent of the people who are affected by diabetes can be affected by mental health conditions and fear that can only be regulated by management to reduce stress, talk therapy, and group support. A diabetic patient needs to be stress-free and needs to have proper care so that mental hindrance cannot come in and the patient can feel full of life. Regular interactions need to be done with the patient so that he cannot feel alone and distorted (Cleveland Clinic, 2022).

Holistic Impacts of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

A. Emotional impacts

A vast emotional effectis caused by type 2 diabetes. The deterioration of mental health is a common part of type 2 diabetes that can cause effects the brain by inflaming the brain vessels and causes dementia. The emotional effect of the disease can be very effective as it can cause mental disturbances (Guerrero, 2020). The changes in the daily routine and the regulations in the diet can make a person mentally hindrance. Mood changes occur with extended anxiety and stress for this factor (Schell Frazier and Drzymkowski, 2016). The mental stress is for the fear and for the changes that occur due to the fact of type 2 diabetes. Depression is another cause that can be applied to the application of diabetes in a patient. The mental stability of a person is hampered with the development of those diseases and it causes huge energy loss and changes in mood (Gómez, 2019). The emotional behavior of the person changes and this is the result of anxiety formation and psychological impacts. In this type of condition, personal motivation is very effective that can make the person energetic and active in fighting against the diseases. Motivation is the only method through which health development can be executed.

B. Cognitive impacts

More than 34 million Americans are suffering from the diabetic condition. In accordance with the study, doctors have noticed that the long-term effect of the blood sugar level can harm the brain to some extent (Cassano, 2020). Diabetes can also raise the risk of heart disease and stroke, which causes due to the affected blood vessels. The blood vessels of the brain can also be disrupted and with the disruption of the blood vessels, the brain can contribute to cognitive declinations (Antal, 2022). The brain of the human body can be operational with various kinds of chemicals that can be affected by the presence of insulin and glucose in the blood. Many brain vessels and chemicals cannot perform well in the brain due to the presence of glucose levels in the blood and it can cause the brain to collapse. Inflammation can also be developed due to the effect of diabetes and it affects the brain cells and cause dementia.

Relationship between diabetes and cognitive decline

  • People in the early stage of diabetes can cause effects and signs of brain malfunctioning. This can cause by excessive insulin resistance in the brain. Normal brain function can be hindered due to the presence of glucose in the blood and it cannot be used effectively (Hou, 2019).
  • Individuals with type 2 diabetes can accelerate cognitive decline. It is also noticed that type 2 diabetes which is there in children can be very crucial as at a younger age the risk of dementia is the highest
  • Alzheimer's disease can also be formed due to the impact of type 2 diabetes and this is the highest risk of mental deterioration. The cause of the effective insulin and glucose in the blood can hinder the process of the life cycle and it can produce awareness in the diet.

Management and Interventions

The specified prevention can be done for the management and intervention of the disease caused by type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented while type 2 diabetes can be controlled with the maintenance of some regular habits that can keep the patient energetic andhelps in decreasing the blood pressure level (Nauck, 2019). There can be various impacts of the disease that can make a person feel disappointed.

Eating healthy habits: The food that is in taking by the patient needs to be fresh and needs to be maintained. The diet plan of the person should be well organized with the specified sugary items out of stock.

Get more physical activity: Little physical activity is needed for every person in the community so as to maintain their health. A regular one-hour exercise can be done by the affected person so as to complete any kind of goal (Mayoclinic, 2023). A long workout is not needed if a person exercise for nearly 30 minutes daily so then the risk of implementing the disease can be moderated.

Loss of excess pounds: On average the financial impact of the disease is huge and it is almost double that of normal people (Lean, 2019). The expenses of medicines and treatment can have an effective impact on the financial condition of the patients.

Conclusion

It is to be concluded from the study that the study is mainly dependent on the explanation of type 2 diabetes, which can have a greater impact on human lives. Type 2 diabetes is part of the life changes that occurs to the diabetic patient. All the happenings of the disease are caused by the direct impact of the glucose level in the blood, which can cause obstruction for the heart and the blood vessels. The study is constructed for the description of the fact of the disease and the management of the disease by which it can be prevented. Application of regular checkups and maintenance of the diet is the basic needs of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes.

References

Journals

  • Antal, B., McMahon, L. P., Sultan, S. F., Lithen, A., Wexler, D. J., Dickerson, B., ...&Mujica-Parodi, L. R. (2022). Type 2 diabetes mellitus accelerates brain aging and cognitive decline: Complementary findings from UK Biobank and meta-analyses.Elife,11, e73138.Doi: https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.73138
  • Bellary, S., Kyrou, I., Brown, J. E., & Bailey, C. J. (2021). Type 2 diabetes mellitus in older adults: clinical considerations and management.Nature Reviews Endocrinology,17(9), 534-548. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41574-021-00512-2
  • Cai, X., Hu, D., Pan, C., Li, G., Lu, J., Ji, Q., ...& Ji, L. (2020). Evaluation of effectiveness of treatment paradigm for newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients in Chin: A nationwide prospective cohort study.Journal of diabetes investigation,11(1), 151-161.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13092
  • Cassano, V., Leo, A., Tallarico, M., Nesci, V., Cimellaro, A., Fiorentino, T. V., ...&Sciacqua, A. (2020). Metabolic and cognitive effects of ranolazine in type 2 diabetes mellitus: Data from an in vivo model.Nutrients,12(2), 382.Doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020382
  • Cheng, L., Wang, J., Dai, H., Duan, Y., An, Y., Shi, L., ...& Zhao, B. (2021). Brown and beige adipose tissue: a novel therapeutic strategy for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.Adipocyte,10(1), 48-65. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/21623945.2020.1870060
  • Cole, J. B., &Florez, J. C. (2020).Genetics of diabetes mellitus and diabetes complications.Nature reviews nephrology,16(7), 377-390. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41581-020-0278-5
  • Gómez-Pimienta, E., González-Castro, T. B., Fresan, A., Juárez-Rojop, I. E., Martínez-López, M. C., Barjau-Madrigal, H. A., ...&Genis-Mendoza, A. D. (2019). Decreased quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with emotional distress.International journal of environmental research and public health,16(15), 2652.Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152652
  • Guerrero Fernández de Alba, I., Gimeno-Miguel, A., Poblador-Plou, B., Gimeno-Feliu, L. A., Ioakeim-Skoufa, I., Rojo-Martínez, G., ...&Prados-Torres, A. (2020). Association between mental health comorbidity and health outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.Scientific reports,10(1), 1-9. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-76546-9
  • Halim, M., & Halim, A. (2019).The effects of inflammation, aging and oxidative stress on the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes).Diabetes & metabolic syndrome: clinical research & reviews,13(2), 1165-1172.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2019.01.040
  • Hou, Q., Guan, Y., Yu, W., Liu, X., Wu, L., Xiao, M., &Lü, Y. (2019).Associations between obesity and cognitive impairment in the Chinese elderly: an observational study.Clinical interventions in aging, 367-373.Doi: https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S192050
  • IS Sobczak, A., A. Blindauer, C., & J. Stewart, A. (2019). Changes in plasma free fatty acids associated with type-2 diabetes.Nutrients,11(9), 2022.Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092022
  • Kostov, K. (2019). Effects of magnesium deficiency on mechanisms of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes: focusing on the processes of insulin secretion and signaling.International journal of molecular sciences,20(6), 1351.Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061351
  • Lean, M. E., Leslie, W. S., Barnes, A. C., Brosnahan, N., Thom, G., McCombie, L., ...& Taylor, R. (2019). Durability of a primary care-led weight-management intervention for remission of type 2 diabetes: 2-year results of the DiRECT open-label, cluster-randomised trial.The lancet Diabetes & endocrinology,7(5), 344-355.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(19)30068-3
  • Nauck, M. A., & Meier, J. J. (2019). Management of endocrine disease: are all GLP-1 agonists equal in the treatment of type 2 diabetes?.European journal of endocrinology,181(6), R211-R234.Doi: https://doi.org/10.1530/EJE-19-0566 (Nauck, 2019)
  • Ruiz-Roso, M. B., Knott-Torcal, C., Matilla-Escalante, D. C., Garcimartín, A., Sampedro-Nuñez, M. A., Dávalos, A., &Marazuela, M. (2020). COVID-19 lockdown and changes of the dietary pattern and physical activity habits in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Nutrients,12(8), 2327.Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12082327
  • Schell Frazier, M. and Drzymkowski, J.W. (2016) Essentials of human diseases and conditions. 6th edn. St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier
  • Waugh, A and Grant, A (2018).Ross & Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. 13th ed. London: Elsevier.

Websites

  • Cleveland Clinic (2022). Retrieved from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health [Retrieved on: 17th June, 2023]
  • Mayoclinic, 2023, Prevention, Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc 20371444#:~:text=The%20exact%20cause%20of%20most,of%20genetic%20or%20environmental%20factors [Retrieved on: 17th June, 2023].
  • Mhanational, 2023, Blood sugar, Retrieved from: https://www.mhanational.org/diabetes-and-mental-health#:~:text=Changes%20in%20blood%20sugar%20can,of%20stress%2C%20depression%20and%20anxiety.[Retrieved on: 17th June, 2023]
  • Niddk, 2023, Causes of diabetes, Retrieved from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/symptoms-causes, [Retrieved on: 17th June, 2023]
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