Using and evaluating Evidence to inform Practice Assignment Sample

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Introduction of Using and evaluating Evidence to inform Practice Assignment

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‘How does childhood trauma affect mental health?’

The essay will focus on childhood traumas and how they affect children’s mental health. Childhood trauma is when children from the ages of 0-6 years old go through serious psychological abuse such as neglect, abandonment, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and physical abuse. Children going through this psychological abuse can have a huge impact on their mental health throughout the rest of their life as they start to develop anxiety, stress, difficulties forming attachments, loss of concentration in education, eating disorders, and schizophrenia (Arango et al 2018). Childhood trauma is seen as a difficult matter, involving emotional, mental, and physical trauma. The traumatic events result in difficult and severe mental health disorders in adulthood such as Isolation, eating disorders, sleep difficulties, physical disease, loss of focus, emotional outbursts, panic attacks, and depression. These are all signs of childhood trauma in adulthood. The reason why I chose this question is that not everyone tends to take children’s mental health seriously because they assume that it could be a phase and they will forget about it as they get older. The trauma that children go through stays with them their whole life and as they grow older, they develop serious psychological illnesses (Kim et al. 2020). During the placement I worked with, children that had experienced trauma within their own homes, found it difficult to engage in lessons and suffered from anxiety. The mental health and well-being of every child is important and encouraging to get help from professionals as they are there to help children overcome these traumatic experiences and encourage them to do better in life.

Search Strategy:

The search strategy is known to be an organized structure of key terms that are used for searching any database. This search strategy focuses on different key concepts of the question of search to receive accurate results. The literature will focus on how childhood trauma affects mental health and the situation of COVID-19 (Bryant et al 2020). This includes keywords that can be used in the research including childhood, mental health, trauma, health, and wellbeing. This research will mainly focus on the inclusive criteria which draw attention to the purpose of the research and the approach that may be applied for this research, which includes attention to online research.

Critical review using the tool the critical appraisal:

According to Corner Canyon HC. (2022), the author states that childhood trauma is considered a psychological, mental, and public policy issue that causes a big impact on both the society and the victims. Corner Canyon HC. (2022) includes that half of all America’s children have experienced at least one type of childhood trauma. It is also stated by Corner Canyon HC. (2022) that the attention on the kids which are nearly 35 million who are facing the trauma. It is important to think about the attention that is following the traumatic incident which is considered to be unique, and the ones that affect the victims in various ways. For some of the children, it includes the isolated assault which is sexual, seeing a loved one’s suffering can lead to ongoing stress. This involves being reliant on the seriousness of the incident and the support provided for children, as well as experiencing the impacts through adolescence and adulthood (Corner Canyon HC. 2022). The impacts include anything from eating habits to a loss of interest in various hobbies, as well as sleeplessness and rage. The blog Corner Canyon HC. (2022) also focuses on the health of the parents, including their mental health problems and a lack of knowledge on how to help their children improve their mental health. According t o Cloitre, M., (2019), panic attacks and anxiety, aggressiveness, and violence, depression, mistrust, are all symptoms of childhood trauma and PTSD. This is focused on the emotional trauma that children experience and as a result of their involvement in these cases, it leads to life-changing events that result in the loss of a loved one. When the mind is seen to be damaged, as well as following a stressful and traumatic experience, psychological and emotional trauma occurs. Children who have experienced trauma have difficulties expressing time and managing their emotions more healthily. Anxiety and depression are common reactions to stress, and they are hard to manage long term. Cloitre, M., (2019). The study focuses on the use of qualitative method which gains the attention on the literature review and how the authors have mentioned their study about the same topic.

According to Dye (2018), The authors focus on the long-term effects and impacts of childhood trauma. The study discusses early childhood trauma and its negative long-term effects, which include psychological weaknesses and lifelong physical issues. This focus on complex trauma involves the causes of neurobiological changes that will have an influence on human development and lead to huge changes in brain function. The physical and cognitive changes are mostly caused by changes in brain structures. Research shows that childhood trauma is linked to emotional, mental, and physical problems that continue into adulthood, which is seen as a long-term effect (Dye.2018). The research by Zarse, E.M., (2019) looks at the psychological, physiological, and neurological effects of trauma exposure. The long-term consequences of trauma exposure include substance abuse, repeated problems, and prison populations issues, which were mainly discussed with the importance of understanding the protective factors, which include recognition of the resilience examination and treatment methods in helping to reduce the symptoms of trauma survivors. This study also pays close attention to the post-traumatic symptoms that the children are witnessing, as well as how they would respond to a traumatic event. With this effective attention should be paid to tracking and dealing with these situations and what strategies should be taken into consideration to appropriately help and deal with these traumatic situations.

In the views of Kim et al (2020), the article states the need of assessing the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, as well as the risk of infection with COVID1-19 and the prediction of childhood trauma and adult depressive symptoms. As lockdown has been put in place, it introduced the dangers of significant mental public health in a society where everyone was experiencing mental illnesses at some point in their lives. The study's main purpose was to evaluate mental health about the pandemic's impact, and it applied a mixed methodology to do so. The tools and techniques used in the study included the attention on the open-ended and close ended questionnaire and the interviews of the children. The findings of this study showed that there were multiple depressed symptoms in both children and adults, causing individuals to lose concentration on their everyday tasks and lives and instead focus on how the illness would be prevented and the risk of suffering from the pandemic crisis (Kim et al. 2020). The public's response to the COVID-19 outbreak was poor, leading to increased anxiety and difficulty in concentrating on the people's everyday activities. The children were not able to go outside due to the major lockdown, which caused a visual image in their heads, and the worry of going outside led to a more depressive state. The concern of a pandemic caused tension, panic, and anxiety, and there was a lack of focus on mental health problems as a result. As a result of the pandemic crisis, there was an increase in the number of concerns relating to mental health and how to focus effective attention on coping with the situation with confidence. People were terrified of the circumstance, which resulted in a rise in depressive symptoms and other mental health-related impacts. Children's everyday lives were affected, which led to reduce the emotional well-being and a lack of attention to understanding what incident led to the trigger situation (Kim et al. 2020).

Ethical Values:

Confidentiality, results of communication, informed approval, anonymity, and voluntary involvement are some of the ethical issues that should be considered when doing the research. This also contains the researcher's role, along with when and how a result is collected using the research techniques. Appropriate consent is considered as the process which include the taking proper consideration of the authors before using their study and including the proper citation of their study. This involves appropriate consent from the authors along with effective attention to examining the research objectives. Unethical leadership, a toxic workplace, competitive and unrealistic aims, and the use of digital technology are all examples of ethical research

Discussion:

According to Duquesne University School of Nursing (2022), Childhood trauma is thought to be more common than people's imagination. According to the mental health administration services mental and drug addiction, two-thirds of children's reports involve a traumatic experience before the age of 16. This relates to the fact that childhood trauma has a huge impact on well-being and mental health, which must be acknowledged depending on the extent of the experience. Various theories can explain this, such as how children develop difficulties in their brain and body as a result of the various conditions that cause them. Distressing life experiences have had a damaging effect on the well-being of children, including a decreased attention on life quality (Phelps and Sperry 2020). The study's main point is that effective attention should be paid to the causes of childhood trauma, which include life-threatening events. These mostly trigger emotional and physical responses, which can last for a long time after the experience has passed (Chafouleas et al 2019). 

Childhood trauma is defined as an incident faced by children that causes fear and is usually life-threatening, dangerous, and violent. Depression, rage, avoidance, replaying memories, isolation, unsafe behaviour, and self-destructive behaviour are all symptoms of childhood trauma. Childhood trauma in adults mostly affects relationships and interactions with others, leading to acknowledged emotions of guilt and shame. The signs of childhood trauma involve changes in behaviour, anxiety and depressive symptoms, problems which are relating to the forming attachments, and emotional upset (Brunzell et al 2019). Childhood trauma has a huge impact on the brain, resulting in difficulties focusing and paying attention to one's poor self-esteem, sleep disorders, and reduced social skills. The main focus on childhood trauma causes extreme stress, which leads to low-key management in adulthood, and how effective attention should be recognized in following how issues may be reduced and what important decisions should be given the intended attention. This helps give the children's lives the attention they deserve. This includes the best efforts that should be explored as well as the main efforts that should be followed for successful symptom control (Danese et al 2020). The articles focus on stating focus on assessing the effects of the pandemic of COVID-19 on mental health and the prediction of adult depressive symptoms and childhood trauma. The findings relate that there should be effective attention to the mental health of the children. Mental health should be given the considerate attention, as the following will help in mitigation of the issues which are faced during the childhood trauma and how the traumatic experience should pay less attention on the minds of the children (Cloitre et al 2019). 

Many situations in children's everyday lives impact their physical and emotional well-being, and this leads to a trigger point in their lives. This idea indicates that there should be effective supervision of key symptoms that should be taken into account, as well as a strong focus on emotional well-being. A strong focus on childhood trauma and well-being is important and making sure a more effective focus on managing the overall everyday life (Cloitre et al 2019). 

The research findings show that effective attention should be paid to evaluating the effects of psychological impairments on human growth. This supports the idea that trauma is linked with both mental and physical suffering, which causes children to be physically inactive and unable of doing tasks correctly. This includes the common assumption that childhood trauma has little impact on their well-being.

Conclusion:

In a summary, the essay concludes that effective attention should be made to childhood trauma and how it develops as a result of mental suffering and the things that happened to them throughout their childhood or in the past. Even if the children are not physically harmed, they suffer from emotional and mental trauma, which stays with them for the rest of their life.

There are mostly children involved in the traumatic event, which includes situations that mostly result in financial hardship. Many individuals feel that there may be overlooked warning signs of the traumatic experience. Childhood trauma mostly consists of sexual abuse, which includes long-term sexual dysfunction as well as the danger of risky sexual behavior. The children primarily develop emotional responses and bad behaviour, including how they should cope with the trauma. It mainly suggests that there should be an effective focus on emotional well-being and stress that is seen during childhood, as well as a sufficient focus on the influence on relationships and experiences with feelings of guilt and shame. There should be an effective focus on the events of childhood and how the children react to the specific situation, with a high focus on the encouragement of self-esteem. There should be a strong focus on the implementation of strategies that will help in understanding mental health and promoting self-esteem, which will support gathering the necessary information while also maintaining the children's overall experiences. As a result, there should be a big focus on directing attention to the signs of traumatic stress and managing emotions and behaviour. The summary of the 3 articles stated above help in informing and understanding the needed ideas which will help in following the study which is involved in childhood trauma affecting the mental health. The article states that there should be following importance on following the mental health issues which are mainly related to the trauma which has been faced by the children in their childhood and this has the major impact which is laid down and how the mind is being impacted by the same. The articles helped in proper understanding of the needed ideas which are essential for finding the purpose and how the issue can be mitigated with various solutions of the problem faced by the children.

Reference:

Arango, C., Díaz-Caneja, C.M., McGorry, P.D., Rapoport, J., Sommer, I.E., Vorstman, J.A., McDaid, D., Marín, O., Serrano-Drozdowskyj, E., Freedman, R. and Carpenter, W., 2018. Preventive strategies for mental health. The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(7), pp.591-604.

Brunzell, T., Stokes, H. and Waters, L., 2019. Shifting teacher practice in trauma-affected classrooms: Practice pedagogy strategies within a trauma-informed positive education model. School Mental Health, 11(3), pp.600-614.

Bryant, D.J., Oo, M. and Damian, A.J., 2020. The rise of adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), p.S193.

Chafouleas, S.M., Koriakin, T.A., Roundfield, K.D. and Overstreet, S., 2019. Addressing childhood trauma in school settings: A framework for evidence-based practice. School mental health, 11(1), pp.40-53.

Cloitre, M., Khan, C., Mackintosh, M.A., Garver, D.W., Henn-Haase, C.M., Falvey, E.C. and Saito, J., 2019. Emotion regulation mediates the relationship between ACES and physical and mental health. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 11(1), p.82.

Corner Canyon HC. 2022. How Childhood Trauma Affects Mental Health and Wellness - Corner Canyon HC. https://cornercanyonhc.com/how-childhood-trauma-affects-mental-health-and-wellness/ 

Danese, A., Smith, P., Chitsabesan, P. and Dubicka, B., 2020. Child and adolescent mental health amidst emergencies and disasters. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 216(3), pp.159-162.

Duquesne University School of Nursing. 2022. Childhood Trauma: How Trauma Impacts Mental Health | Duquesne University. https://onlinenursing.duq.edu/blog/childhood-trauma/ 

Dye, H., 2018. The impact and long-term effects of childhood trauma. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 28(3), pp.381-392. https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2018.1435328

Kim, A.W., Nyengerai, T. and Mendenhall, E., 2020. Evaluating the mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic: Perceived risk of COVID-19 infection and childhood trauma predict adult depressive symptoms in urban South Africa. Psychological Medicine, pp.1-13. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720003414 

Phelps, C. and Sperry, L.L., 2020. Children and the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 12(S1), p.S73.

Zarse, E.M., Neff, M.R., Yoder, R., Hulvershorn, L., Chambers, J.E. and Chambers, R.A., 2019. The adverse childhood experiences questionnaire: Two decades of research on childhood trauma as a primary cause of adult mental illness, addiction, and medical diseases. Cogent Medicine, 6(1), p.1581447.

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