Data Processing Work Abstract on X-Ray Radiation Assignment Sample

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Introduction of Data Processing Work Abstract; Analysis of Radiation Produced by X-Rays Assignment Sample

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The concerned work provides an in-depth analysis of the various aspects of radiation produced by X-Rays. The work consists of performing operations in URSA II software to calibrate Ba and Am. The work provides a detailed view of the activities performed in the given software. This is followed by simulating the Matlab using the SPEKTR 3.0 package. The results of both operations are then compared in the work in order to determine the differences that are present in the system. These are the various aspects of the work that have been gathered in the concerned work for analyzing spectral radiation from X-rays.

Task 1

The process of calibration of the detector is done with the help of spectra performed in the URSA II software system. The figure below provides the view of the calibration done by Ba. It can be observed from the figure that there are different peaks present in the system. In order to perform the analysis, the peak value which is the maximum is chosen in the concerned case.

 Graph View for Ba

(Source: Created by Learner)

The figure below provides the view of the calibration using Am. As stated above, the peak value which is the maximum is chosen for performing the energy calibration process in the concerned work. Therefore, with the help of these activities, the complete calibration process can be performed in the concerned work.

 Graph View for Am

(Source: Created by Learner)

Task 2

The X-ray generator is turned on and it is ensured that it is under suitable condition before performing the operations over it. The values of the voltage and current are measured using a multimeter and these are converted into suitable values in order to perform the further tasks [1]. The voltage and current ranges that are taken into consideration for the concerned work are 0 to 10V and 0 to 2mA.

Task 3

In the third step of the process, URSA II software is opened and then connected with the Kromek Spear detector. The bias is turned on and then the values of the gain are set as shown in the figure below. The figure below shows the value of the gains that have been set for performing the concerned analysis.

 Gain parameters used

(Source: Created by Learner)

Task 4

The scattered spectrum is measured with the help of the setup developed using the activities performed above. In the concerned analysis, graphite has been used as the valence electrons in its atoms are loosely bound to each due to which, the light spectrum can be generated in a better manner [2]. The metrics that have been used for the development of good spectra are a creation of an adequate environment for the operation, maintenance of a proper level of current and voltage, use of graphite for operation, and others.

 Energy Calibration

(Source: Created by Learner)

Task 5

The complete setup is then modified by using an additional filter of copper having a thickness of 0.6mm. Now, the scattering of the X-ray is again measured in order to determine the difference between the results obtained using filters and without filters [3]. This process would help to analyze the performance of the radiation detector in a better and improved manner.

Task 6

The use of Compton kinematics is primarily done with the purpose of calculating the real tube spectrum for each of the spectra that are present in the system. The scattering angle can be defined as the angle at which different spectra are scattered from the radiator in the system. With the help of this activity, a proper understanding of the operations that are present in the system can be achieved, and thus the actions can be performed in the best way possible [4]. In the process of measuring the scattering angle of the spectra, there are errors also involved and therefore, it is important that proper steps and measures are taken to reduce their number. 

Task 7

The complete work is now simulated in Matlab using the SPEKTR 3.0 software in order to validate the works that have been performed in the analysis. The process of simulation is done under two different conditions which are a generation of spectra using filters and a generation of spectra without using the filters. The filter used for the determination of the spectra is a silver filter having a thickness of 0.25mm. The process of filtration is done at a voltage of about 50kV with no intrinsic filtration.

Task 8

This is the task in which modification is done in the simulated spectra in order to match the energy resolution of the spear detector. This process is done with the objective of making changes in the results and comparing the output produced during modification processes. This in turn would help to understand the system and behavior of spectra in a better and improved manner. 

Task 9

The comparisons between the results of the two operations are done to determine the parameters which are the same and the parameters that are different. The spectra produced under both the conditions are having different behavior and therefore, distinct results have been generated in the cases stated above. 

Conclusion

Based on the above findings it can be concluded that the research provides an insight about radiations aspects produced by X-Ray. SPEKTR 3.0 package has been used for simulation. The analysis has been done by selecting the peak value of energy calibration. Particular unit of values has been selected for the simulation and comparison of the determinant parameters has been done which generated the above report.

References

[1] Heidari, A., 2018. Deep–level transient spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) comparative study on malignant and benign human cancer cells and tissues with the passage of time under synchrotron radiation. Res Dev Material Sci, 7(2), p.000659.

[2] Lee, S.J., Titus, C.J., Alonso Mori, R., Baker, M.L., Bennett, D.A., Cho, H.M., Doriese, W.B., Fowler, J.W., Gaffney, K.J., Gallo, A. and Gard, J.D., 2019. Soft X-ray spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource beamline 10-1. Review of Scientific Instruments, 90(11), p.113101.

[3] Monico, L., Cotte, M., Vanmeert, F., Amidani, L., Janssens, K., Nuyts, G., Garrevoet, J., Falkenberg, G., Glatzel, P., Romani, A. and Miliani, C., 2020. Damages Induced by Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray Microanalysis in Chrome Yellow Paints and Related Cr-Compounds: Assessment, Quantification, and Mitigation Strategies. Analytical Chemistry, 92(20), pp.14164-14173.

[4] Truong, K., Bradley, S., Baginski, B., Wilson, J.R., Medlin, D., Zheng, L., Wilson, R.K., Rusin, M., Takacs, E. and Dean, D., 2018. The effect of well-characterized, very low-dose x-ray radiation on fibroblasts. PLoS One, 13(1), p.e0190330.

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