Impact Of Social Inequality On Women & Men In Healthcare Assignment Sample

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Introduction Of Impact Of Social Inequality On Women & Men In Healthcare Assignment

  • Discrimination between men and women is prevalent in the healthcare sector (Harris, 2021).
  • The pay gap is the primary determinant factor.
  • Unequal treatment and exploitation of women in the workplace have been prevalent.

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Healthcare Section is a very important sector for people such as men and women. Hence, in ancient times, gender equality is coming from old age. It is social discrimination and it raise gradually. Men and women are treated unfairly even in the healthcare sector. Mostly it is observed through the pay gap. Instances prove that women have been exploited in the workplace by unfair means

Brief social history of women

  • In the 3rd century BC, Aristotle described women as just anatomically inverse of men (time.com, 2022).
  • Women were believed to be too high-strung as a healthcare professional
  • Men are paid more for the equal amount of labour as women.

Since ancient times, women have been belittled by society and were labelled by their organs. Women in earlier times were even denied proper education and medical practice as people did not trust them. Unequal payment continues to prevail in society. Socially, it is a crime because both are in the same position in our society but in recent times, it is a big problem. Women have faced so many problems and always keep their weaknesses. Many areas are affected by women such as the health sector, education sector, and business sector. In the health sector, women did not get equal positions.

Definition of structural inequality

  • Structural inequality is the disparity in the distribution of wealth and other resources.
  • It occurs because of the imbalanced situation between the power distribution in both the political and economic sectors.

Structural inequality is the aspect associated with the mistreatment of individuals and unequal distribution of wealth and sources and it is mostly facilitated in the working environments and other institutions like health care facilities.

Definition of gender and sexism, gender inequality

  • Gender is a social construct that an individual identifies themselves with (who.int, 2022)
  • Sexism is referred to discrimination based on the sexes of individuals.
  • Gender discrimination is the unfair treatment of people based on their identified gender-based roles.

Gender is the social construct an individual chooses to identify with. Sexism is related to discrimination a person faces for their sex. Gender discrimination is referred to the unfair treatment of people depending on their gender roles.

How structural inequality affects women

  • Women in NHS are paid 19.2% less than male employees (bmj.com, 2022)
  • Mean gender pay gap in NHS has increased to 8.4% in 2021 (resolution.nhs.uk, 2022)
  • Men are paid more on an hourly basis than women.

Women are paid higher a lot lesser than men. An evident reduction in the gender gap has been noticed in recent times. Men are paid significantly higher amounts as compared to women in NHS.

Women experience inequality in accessing and working in health and social care

  • Gender biases in the healthcare sector are widely visible in almost every corner of the world.
  • A report shows that in 2020, almost 90% of people have shown gender biases against women.

Gender biases can be both conscious and unconscious and almost every people have some form of it in them. In the healthcare sector, from women patients to female doctors everyone has faced some form of it. At some point, people believe that women exaggerate the pain.

Contd.

  • The disparity is referred to the unfair distribution of resources and discrimination is a broader spectrum that includes the mistreatment of people based on their attributes.
  • In most of the country, people left their personalities and gradually mortality rates decreased day by day and big differences are increasing for men and women.

Men are in good positions in the health care section and always in society. In the current scenario, many countries give some advantages to women but it is decreasing gradually. There are similarities in these two terms but discrimination is referred to in a broader spectrum and includes unfair treatment as a whole based on certain identities of people. Women in the healthcare sector are subjected to disparities in terms of payment gaps and are discriminated against in opportunities based on their gender identities.

Contd.

  • There are similarities in these two terms but discrimination is referred to in a broader spectrum.
  • It includes unfair treatment as a whole based on certain identities of people.

Women in the healthcare sector are subjected to disparities in terms of payment gaps and are discriminated against in opportunities based on their gender identities.

Anti-oppression practice

  • Anti-oppressive ambience will help in providing a safe working ambience for women.
  • In the healthcare sector, a huge gender gap is created by society and it is a crime.

In 2017, the gender pay gap is shown in the health sector and every women's staff is faced in the English NHS. It got the most favour from men at 8.6%, total earnings gap of £207 in the male and female gender.

Definition of discrimination

  • Discrimination is the unfair treatment a person is subjected to for their associated traits like gender, colour, race etc (Cohn, 2019).
  • Male to female, anyone can be the victim of discrimination.

Discrimination is referred to the unequal treatment given to people based on their gender, colour and race.

How does discrimination affect women when accessing h and s care and working h and s care

  • Discrimination and disparities are co-related to one another as people are subjected to unfair treatment in both cases (Cohn, 2019).
  • The equality of gender means the person's rights, many responsibilities and many opportunities are created by society so, in childbirth, it is fixed.

It depends on the sex factor like boy and girl baby. Hence, in the current scenario, most of the country tries to give more advantages for both genders and more opportunities for females for their position.

Anti-discriminatory practice

  • The anti-discriminatory ambience ensures is aimed at providing equal opportunities to women (Hassen et al. 2021).

The prevalence of structural inequality has called for an anti-discriminatory anti-oppressive ambience in the workplace. It is necessary to provide equal opportunities to both men and women

Aims, methods and practice, ways how to work in, explain why it important, advantages and disadvantages

  • The anti-discriminatory practice works as a weapon for discrimination against women.
  • In general, it is considered the key to protecting the dignity of the people, and it can be applied to both the workplace and everyday life.

The practice is a cure for unfair treatment in the workplace. It is related to the equity act and protects under the legislation.

Social history of men or black men

  • In history, it is proven that racism exists in every group and every social organisation.
  • Men are also affected by discrimination in many cases, especially those men who belong to Africa or their native origin.

The discrimination towards men is generally based on either their financial state or is deeply connected with racism.

How does structural inequality affect men or black men

  • Men especially black men are majorly affected by structural inequality.
  • It is related to wealth, and resources and discrimination are reflected in health care and the government sector, everywhere.

The structural inequality included uneven power and resource distribution. In some cases, the stereotypes are hard for men to live up to.

Black men experience inequality in health and social care, and when working in health in social care

  • The inequality in the healthcare sector is based on colour and marginal groups.
  • It creates a gap in health and social care and affects the mentality of accessing the service.

In general, black men experience major health-related issues at a high rate and they have a lower life expectancy.

Contd.

  • The neglected health care coverage affected the overall health care.
  • The health reform efforts have a huge impact on the overall healthcare system.

The challenges in health care sectors have a huge impact on the lives of black men. The lack of medical assistance can be seen everywhere.

Contd.

  • Compared with white men black men have higher risks for asthma, diabetes and HIV.
  • Lack of medical help increases the chance of overall health damage.

The disadvantages of racism affect the health sector and as a result, black men experience the worst possible health care and which increases the risk.

Anti-oppression practice

  • The anti-oppression practice is all about empowering the service of the user and it is mandatory in the healthcare sector.
  • It starts with the proper identification of the oppression that already exists in society.

In the case of discrimination or structural inequality faced by black men in accessing healthcare services, the anti-oppression practice plays a major role. It recognises the Main issues that are interconnected and help to form a shape in resolving them.

How does discrimination affect black when accessing h and s care and work h and s care

  • Studies it is shown that the majority the major portion of black people avails themselves of public health care.
  • In some cases, they have faced discrimination such as they have treated unfairly or differently.

The discrimination towards black people in the health care sector is visible when it is compared to other races. This kind of behaviour affects the overall health of a society because it affects both mentally and physically. Inequality in health care increases the overall cost of medical help.

Anti-discriminatory practice

Methods

  • Implementation of The Equality Act of 2010 will ensure reduced discrimination (gov. UK, 2022).
  • Proactive guidelines in the healthcare workplace by management will ensure a safe workplace.

The Equality Act laid down by the UK government ensures mitigated discriminative practices in workplaces and it criminalises those acts. Adherence to this law and proactive measures from management will ensure a healthy workplace for both genders.

Aims, methods and practice, ways how to work in, explain why it important, advantages and disadvantages

Advantages

  • Anti-discriminatory measures help in providing women equal opportunities as that men (Lynn et al. 2019).
  • Anti-oppressive workplace culture in the NHS ensures a healthy workplace ambience (Hassen et al. 2021).

Anti-discrimination ensures a reduction in the pay gap and an equal stage for women to display their skills. The anti-oppressive ambience is necessary so that people of both genders in the health and social care sector are not exploited

Disadvantages

  • Anti-discrimination will enhance hiring discrimination (Lynn et al. 2019).
  • It will lead to similar consequences as the aforementioned aspect

Often the authorities take measures in payment strategies. In the case of men and women being paid equally, it will lead to a lack of resources also there is a notion that men are capable of working harder than women. This will lead to discrimination at the earliest hiring stage.

Conclusion

  • Proactive action of management will ensure a healthy workplace ambience
  • A healthy workplace in healthcare institutions will enhance the overall healthcare sector in the UK.

Discrimination leads to brain drain and it inhibits opportunities towards better outcomes. Gender-based discrimination is highly unhealthy to the workplace and workplaces alike which can be mitigated by the active involvement of the management body. The gender gap is increasing day by day and it is across 88% of women staff and male staff, according to the pay gap is 3.9% in favour of women. The pay gap is an advantage for men.

References

Book

Cohn, S., 2019. Race, gender, and discrimination at work. UK: Routledge.

Journals

Harris, G., 2021. Tackling workplace prejudice and building a disability-inclusive NHS. British Journal of Healthcare Management, 27(4), pp.1-3.

Hassen, N., Lofters, A., Michael, S., Mall, A., Pinto, A.D. and Rackal, J., 2021. Implementing anti-racism interventions in healthcare settings: a scoping review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(6), p.2993.

Templeton, K., Bernstein, C.A., Sukhera, J., Nora, L.M., Newman, C., Burstin, H., Guille, C., Lynn, L., Schwarze, M.L., Sen, S. and Busis, N., 2019. Gender-based differences in burnout: Issues faced by women physicians. NAM Perspectives.

Websites

bmj.com, 2022, Pay gap: Women in healthcare sector earn 24% less than men, international report finds, Available at: https://www.bmj.com/content/378/bmj.o1748#:~:text=It%20said%2C%20%E2%80%9CIf%20we%20consider,than%20men%20per%20hour%20worked.%E2%80%9D [Accessed on: 30th. November, 2022]

gov.uk, 2022, Equality Act , Available at: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/equality-act-2010-guidance#:~:text=The%20Equality%20Act%202010%20legally,strengthening%20protection%20in%20some%20situations. [Accessed on: 30th. November, 2022]

resolution.nhs.uk, 2022, gender pay gap report, Available at: https://resolution.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Gender-Pay-Gap-Report-2021.pdf [Accessed on: 30th. November, 2022]

time.com, 2022, gender medicine history, Available at: https://time.com/6074224/gender-medicine-history/ [Accessed on: 30th. November, 2022]

who.int, 2022, gender, Available at: https://www.who.int/health-topics/gender [Accessed on: 30th. November, 2022]

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