MMN224937 of Sustainable Operations Management Assignment Sample

Exploring the Impact of Operation Management on Food Manufacturing and Sustainability

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MMN224937 of Sustainable Operations Management Assignment

Every industry continued its business in some methods, operation management is the area that controls product quality and manufacturing systems and others. This study discussed the sustainability of operations management in the food industry. This process ensures the quality of products and controls all manufacturing processes.

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Impact of operation management (OM) on food manufacturing industries (FMI)

Five performance objectives

Objectives 1: Exclusion of plastic packaging from manufacturing facilities

Today plastic packaging is very dangerous for health and food packaging with plastic is much more dangerous. Therefore, people used plastics at a high rate, and day by day it raised because population growth is high and the environment and human health are affected by using plastic. All over the world, the plastic manufacturing rate is high years for years, it reached millions of metric tons, and plastic packaging food is used around the world. Many types of chemicals are used when plastics are made and then it affects human health when people eat packing food (Ivanov et al. 2021). The present situation in the country is very dangerous so take many steps to control the packaging of plastic basically in the food processing industry.

Objective 2: Less use of preservatives in the manufacturing of food

Chemicals and preservatives are very dangerous for human health, but most people eat food with preservatives or chemicals. Basically, the food manufacturing industry uses many types of preservatives and colours, which affects the human body so many diseases occur. Many artificial colours mix with food and many types of drinks so it is very harmful (Reid and Sanders, 2019). It controls only man if the food processing industry takes maintains the use of preservatives, then gets good results all over the world.

Objective 3: Maintain hygiene in the food industry

The food industry takes many steps to save food because food is the reason for many diseases. People eat food but did not know the food quality so occurred many diseases if the food industry maintains hygiene, then saves human health.

Objective 4: Reduction of carbon footprint

Carbon footprint is so dangerous for human health so it controls as early as possible. Food manufacturing process is done by many safe steps but used carbon footprints if the food industry reduces the footprints of carbon, then the environment and human health are safe.

Objective 5: Development of food and standard followers as per consumer requirement

Many activities are maintained for the safe food industry because people do not live without food. A safety plan is maintained by the FMI to control many food hazards. Clean all food products, and maintaining personal hygiene are two main parts to safe the food products and as a result, customers are satisfied to control many steps for safe products.

Implementation of Principles and tools of OM within FMI 300

The FMI deals with manufacturing food items and supplying the products to consumers. The FMI faces and deals with various issues and to overcome those issues it maintains some principles and tools of OM (Cankaya and Sezen, 2018). The FMI needs to keep concerned at every step from getting raw materials to supplying the final products to the market. The principles that the industry follows are:

  • Agriculture and environment: The raw materials of the FMI come from the environment as agricultural products are the main inputs for this industry. Agriculture is dependent upon the environment, but the use of scientific techniques of cultivation leads to the degradation of the environment (Banaeian et al. 2018). Thus, this principle that the steps taken by the company for its sustainability will be careful toward the environment and they would proceed with the strategies and techniques that are environment friendly.
  • Processing: Foods are processed through a few steps before supplying it to the market. The processing affects the carbon footprints thus, this principle includes the use of green products, renewable sources of energy and clean products.
  • Safe and sustainable working conditions: The workers of this industry include the farmer and other people who are involved in the procedure from manufacturing the products to supplying the materials to the market. They are concerned with providing a safe working environment to the employees, providing fair wages according to their job and respecting their opinions and rights (, 2022).
  • Packaging and supply to consumers: The consumers always prefer a healthy and hygienic product at a reasonable cost thus, the organisation chooses products that can be recycled and reused. They use the cheap mode of transportation to lessen the cost.

The tools of FMI are collaboration and documentation, task management, customer support operations, accounting, process and workflow automation. These tools are used in the food industry to work properly with all workers and maintain the customers effectively (Teixeira and Junior, 2019). This includes the use of green products and following proper systems to maintain sustainability.

Impact of tools and principles within the workplace

The organisation related to food needs to too much more attentive as they are responsible for bringing safe and hygienic products to the customers. Hence, they effectively follow the principles and tools to supply quality products. The management tools and principles have a great impact on the organisation. It helped the employees work safely in the industry and provided fair wages to the workers along with that the employees get a safe, hygienic and sustainable work environment. The use of green methods and products was effective in lessening environmental degradation. Proper processing and packaging reduced the wastage of food items and supplied the final products to the customers at a reasonable price, which resulted in growth in the marketplace. The maintenance of principles and management tools helped the organisation to bring give positive outcomes, attract customers, bring healthy products and provide sustainability.

Contemporary issues and challenges faced by FMI

Issues faced by the industry on sustainable operation management

The food processing industry faced many issues when the food process continued. The production of food has two main issues, supply chain issues and packaging issues faced by this industry.

  • Issues of the supply chain: This industry suffers many types of issues with suppliers. After the covid, many suppliers are unable to maintain the quality of their products. Suppliers are not communicating with the industry management team so it is a big problem (Sarkis, 2020). Supply chain cost is high after the covid then it raised day by day.
  • Issues of packaging: The food industry faced many environmental issues because of packaging the food. Plastic packaging is increasing daily and it is the main part of polluting food and the environment (Goworek et al. 2020). Therefore, the government takes many rules for packaging, and it is a rule to reduce plastic use so it occurs many issues. As a result, the food industry controls these issues.

These two issues occurred in the food industry and these are the reason for decreasing the food processing area and the environment being polluted by packaging plastic food. People use plastic food which occurred many diseases so it controls as early as possible.

Impact of the issues faced by the FMI

The problem related to the supply chain and packaging of products is two main issues that the food industry faces. These issues laid a huge effect on this organisation.

  • Impact of supply chain issue: Supply chain is an important part of all industries to raise the sale and make the products available to the customers. It supports the organisation to make their products reach its consumers. The issue of the supply chain affects the market condition (Di Vaio and Varriale, 2020). It resulted in a fall in sales and lessen the profit, along with that, it also laid to the wastage of food items which resulted in a loss-making profit.
  • Impact of packaging issue: The packaging of the product in a proper way to maintain its safety and hygiene is necessary. The use of plastic is unhygienic and its use was banned, on the other hand, the availability of green packaging products was not in adequate quantity (Goworek et al. 2020). Thus, the organisation went through different problems. The crisis of products for packaging affected the supply as the organisation could not supply according to the demand in the market. The lack of packaging products resulted in the wastage of many items and the organisation faced the situation of losses.

Both packaging and supply chain issues affected the market of the food industry. It laid the industry toward losses and they had to make various initiatives to overcome the problems that come due to these issues (Hastig and Sodhi, 2020). It brought down the market of that industry and resulted in a lot of waste.

Critical analysis of the FMI based on theoretical paradigm

The orgaisation adopted various theories to overcome the issues that they face while doing business. It implemented the Resource-based view (RBV) theory to meet the problems that come by these issues. The RBV states that to sustain competitive advantage it needs to focus on the resources, equipment and labours that the industry possesses (Chahal et al. 2020). This theory helped the organisation to sustain its competitive advantage. It helped the food industry to manufacture products based on the available resources and supply that to the market. It helped the company to lessen the wastage and recover losses.

The resource dependency theory (RDT) states the impacts of outside resources on the efficiency and productivity of the organisation. It helps to determine the market condition and competition, based on those external things the industry supplies their products in the market (Chahal et al. 2020). Thus, this theory influences its supply and helps the organisation to do profit-making business.


It is concluded in this study that the food manufacturing industry faced many challenges and this industry maintains to save food products. FMI has so many objectives that are less use of preservatives and reduce the carbon footprints and development of food packaging area. Supply chain issues and product packaging issues are the main issues that are faced in the food industry. Many principles are maintaining this industry to save food, the raw materials come from the environment and these are saved for human health.


It is commanded that the food processing area keeps safe and maintains hygiene, Food processing area is affected for many reasons such as the use of preservatives and chemicals, the use of carbon footprints, and more use of plastic for packaging the food. It is to be noted that if people are not responsible for their health, then occurs so many diseases (Villena, and Gioia, 2018). People of the 21st century suffered many dangerous diseases because they eat packed food and eat much food mixed with colour and preservatives to make tasty food and to keep fresh the packaging products. Many principles, tools, and many objectives are getting from this study that help people save the processing of food and take to save food. Many issues occurred in this industry after the pandemic so issues are affecting this industry. The manufacturing food industry controls these issues. It is the responsibility of people to maintain the food area and basically the food processing area.



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Website, (2022), Principles of food industry sustainability, Available at: [Accessed on: 16th November, 2022]

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