Political Representation: Prime Minister, Ministers And Civil Servant Assignment Sample

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Introduction of Political Representation: Prime Minister, Ministers And Civil Servant Assignment

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‘Cabinet Government’

A cabinet is a type of body of some high range state officials and typically comprises executive leaders of top branches. In addition, cabinet members are usually called cabinet ministers and also secretaries here the meaning is a government which has real executive power. The Cabinet is also defined in its simple terms as a group of necessary people who are normally the head of the government (gov.uk, 2020). It is also called the council of ministers and also the executive council.

Boris Johnson is the current cabinet minister in government and minister for a union.

The aim of this report is to demonstrate the key aspects of Cabinet Government, the roles responsibilities of Ministers and the role of Civil Servants, and Prime Ministerial Government,


Cabinet ministers mainly address all types of financial issues and legislation with higher authority of appointments such as constitutional authority and “seniors secretariat administrators”. Another role of cabinet ministers also advises the president and serves as the head of the administrative department. In addition, roles are also setting some prudent direction for this country and placing policies in place which are mainly implemented through the protective services (gov.uk, 2020). The minister's members of cabinet mainly include the vice president and 15 heads of departments in their role’s education, homeland security, labour, commerce, transportation, defence, urban development, energy, interior and human services.

Boris Johnson

? Prime Minister

? “First Lord of the Treasury”

? “Minister for the Union”

? “Minister for the Civil Service”

Shadow Cabinet (SC)

A shadow cabinet, group of all seniors in which some people were chosen by leaders to reflect the cabinet in authority. Every member of this SC is recruited to guide some special policies and questions with counterparts to their party in the cabinet (parliament.uk, 2020). Shadow cabinets have the responsibility of scrutinising and importantly examining all work of government and also individual ministers.


Introduction of two ideas

The idea of cabinet government states

  • Power is mainly located and also collective in the cabinet
  • The other idea is same of UK needs support to survive in cabinet

Here mainly supported by collective responsibility and solidarity which the PM also needs support to stay in the cabinet (Annesley et al. 2019). This is also constituted as an outer resolution but which power of cabinet government mainly lies in this executive.

Idea of Prime Ministerial Government states

  • This idea when you recognise the overall growing power of PM
  • The other idea states that the cabinet government has been replaced at centre with the PM according to power (Weller, 2018).

With this idea, cabinet government was mainly replaced with pm and in who pm created innovative decisions and encourages all political areas (Weller, 2018). In addition, this theory comes from the implementation of a political party and which is more important to growing in cabinet


Cabinet government are responsible for the rules and they also have their team effort with the same amount of power. In addition, the cabinet is also accountable to parliament for its actions and is mainly able through publicly defend all the policies of the cabinet. Cabinet members can stay the decisions or in cabinet meetings called cabinet method government.

Prime ministerial government is named as the prime head of every department. Prime ministers always have Central power to oppose their decisions and use a special image to maintain their priorities but there are no team affections captured in lessons (gov.uk, 2020). Prime ministerial governments have sole power and lead the cabinet which also has political activities and act as "face" and "voice" of Her Majesty's Government”.


The level of arguments stated that the PM (prime minister) is only the majesty's Government leader and is also responsible for creating decisions and policies through government. Ministers always try to satisfy that the government is acting as a sustitute of the UK. As opined by Kaarbo, (2018), prime ministers have only responsibilities to choose members of government and figures in the house of commons. In the level of arguments cabinet ministers always give proper ways to get decisions and members can agree with irrelevant members in cabinet freely to change all types of policies both in common and to the general public but prime minister only gives rules and chooses members overseeing the “operation of civil service”. The Cabinet government is also a senior decision-making body and chaired by the prime minister which state is different from the head of government and there are no strict rules or powers for the general public.


In this level of arguments and throughout this discussion cabinet government is processed by the prime ministerial government which has no strict rules and is also chaired by senior ministers. As stated by Byrne and Theakston, (2019), the prime minister's real government has strict rules to maintain the government body and also the general public. Cabinet ministers are chosen by prime ministers and they must have some potential ministers who can set up rules and regulations.

Along with this fact, a prime ministerial government is suitable for the UK which has the most powerful leaders to maintain the government body and it must be a royal prerogative for cabinet ministers and their chairs. Here the overall conclusion states that prime ministerial government is fruitful to move forward and move toward the innovation in government for the general public. Apart from this, the leader of the UK also oversees civil services and some government agencies which depend ultimately on the true responsibilities of the prime ministerial government for overall policy and decisions.


Analyse roles and responsibilities of Ministers


Ministers are mainly "Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State”. Ministers are mainly chosen by the PM from members of the House of Lords and commons. Here ministers are also members of the house of government and each of them is given a specific field (civil Servant.org.uk, 2020). Several types of ministers are in charge of a department with 12 and more staff of a large department and are headed by a “principal private secretary”.

Work of system

The system works by “making laws (legislation), simplifying the work of the government (scrutiny), and discussing current issues”. The house is also responsible for granting money to the government and approving all bills which raise taxes. So generally all decisions are made in the house which have to be approved by some another in this way to check the balance for both houses (Parliament.uk, 2020). Cabinet members also associate some bodies with a central government and in the United Kingdom and politicians are aided by a body which is a type of civil service civil servants.

Roles and responsibilities of Ministers

Roles and responsibilities of government ministers belong to the public office and warrant all types of policies which are said to be applied by the government departments. Responsibilities also include Oversight of all Cabinet Office policy, Constitution, Cyber Security” (Service.gov.uk, 2020). The ministry's responsibilities create different types of forms and it also signifies that the government mainly remains in every office. Ministerial responsibility is a type of fundamental constitutional principle in the parliamentary system. The reason behind this parliamentary system is to ensure that it brings the confidence of parliament to all officers. Ministers have also the responsibility to implement the decisions on several policies in conjunction and also with other ministers in addition in some jurisdiction here the head of the government States as a minister which mainly depute as a prime minister, chief minister or chancellor.


Role of Civil Servants and their channels of influence

Definition of Civil Servant

Here civil servants mainly help the government of UK to increase and implement the policies effectively and they are politically impartial with the decisions. Civil service is mainly managed by the PM of this country and also with his role as a minister. They are also erected through the "crown". Civil servants are always providing services to all staff and all general public by “paying pensions and benefits, issuing driving licences' ', etc (Civil Servant.org.uk, 2020). They generally make up “2 % of the workforce (29 million, on a headcount basis, at Spring 2000”.


“Ensuring the day-to-day running of government departments”

They supply services directly to all people all over the country, including:

  • “Paying benefits and pensions”
  • “Running employment services”
  • “Running prisons”
  • “Policy development and implementation”
  • “Implementing the policies set by the government”

Civil service tries “to assist, with integrity, honesty, impartiality and objectivity, principal officials under the accountability system”. In formulating their overall policies, in carrying out their overall decisions and in “administering public services for which they are responsible”. Rules and responsibilities also set out some principles including their duties building with efficient professionals and requiring some officials with conditions of employment.

Channels of influence

The civil service plays a necessary and important role in making sure government policies are carried out. UK civil servants are required to come from recruitment which is based on the decentralised procedure. It is also based on job vacancies and procedures which are advertised. Here the work of government and public servants provides fruitful services to the general public with consideration of the public body. Civil servants are generally recruited through several states through the respective “State Public Service Commissions”, and also appointed by the “Governor of that state”.



Annesley, C., Beckwith, K. and Franceschet, S., 2019. Cabinets, ministers, and gender. Oxford University Press.

Weller, P., 2018. The prime ministers' craft: Why some succeed and others fail in Westminster systems. Oxford University Press.


Byrne, C. and Theakston, K., 2019. Understanding the power of the prime minister: Structure and agency in models of prime ministerial power. British Politics, 14(4), pp.329-346.

Kaarbo, J., 2018. Prime minister leadership style and the role of parliament in security policy. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 20(1), pp.35-51.


Civilservant.org.uk, 2020, Available at: https://www.civilservant.org.uk/library/cs%20stats%202000.pdf [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

Civilservant.org.uk, 2020, Government Ministers, Available at: https://www.civilservant.org.uk/information-ministers.html [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

gov.uk, 2020, Civil Service Statistics as at 31 March 2021 Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1006434/Statistical_bulletin_Civil_Service_Statistics_2021_V2.pdf [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

gov.uk, 2020, How government works, Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/how-government-works [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

gov.uk, 2020, Ministers, Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/ministers [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

gov.uk, 2020, Prime Minister, Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/ministers/prime-minister [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

Parliament.uk, 2020, Shadow Cabinet, Available at: https://www.parliament.uk/site-information/glossary/shadow-cabinet/ [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

Parliament.uk, 2020, The two-House system, Available at: https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/role/system/#:~:text=The%20business%20of%20Parliament%20takes,)%2C%20and%20debating%20current%20issues. [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

Service.gov.uk, 2020, Civil Service Statistics, Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/940284/Statistical_bulletin_Civil_Service_Statistics_2020_V2.pdf [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]

Service.gov.uk, 2020, LIST OFMINISTERIAL RESPONSIBILITIES, Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1071829/list-of-ministerial-responsibilities.pdf [Accessed on: 1st May, 2022]


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