Research Project In Health And Social Care Assignment Sample

Depression Among Diabetic Patients: Theoretical Perspectives and Methodologies

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Research Project In Health And Social Care Assignment

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Task 1: Demonstrating the ability to formulate a research question

Two theoretical perspectives behind research

The term theoretical perspective refers to the set of assumptions to address the reality while informing the questions to be asked alongside the answers to achieve a desired outcome (Vieluf and Klieme, 2023). This factor is capable of understanding the way of looking towards the research context while aiming to serve and focus on the result. Theoretical perspectives are considered to be significant for the research context as it helps in serving to organise thoughts as well as ideas while making them clear for the world (Talukdar et al. 2022). The implementation of this factor is essential in terms of framing research questions as well as designing and conducting research processes while analysing the research outcome.

Theoretical perspective is not just considered an idea of any researcher, rather it is explained as a structural framework which helps in explanation as well as tasting and evaluation of the research context over the time (Vieluf and Klieme, 2023). Theories are developed as well as utilised by the use of scholarship research discussion and debate in terms of achieving expected outcome. The specific and dominant theoretical perspectives in the research context refer to functionalism as well as conflict theory (Grover et al. 2022). The concept of functionalism in the research area refers to the view which helps in suggesting the fundamental principles of research context while observing the phenomena and the actions to understand the mind (Nalweyiso et al. 2022). In addition, the functionalist approaches are associated with emphasis on good health and effective healthcare context for the societies abilities to function. This factor helps in giving the health care provider and patients relationship as the higher context (Vieluf and Klieme, 2023). Apart from that, the conflict theory refers to the social order that focuses on the state of perpetual conflict because of high competition and limited resources. This in health and social care explains the role of the dominant group while making decisions and using resources in healthcare and continuing the operation to ensure healthcare coverage (Grover et al. 2022). Here, the conflict approach of theoretical perspectives emphasises the inequality in the quality of healthcare as well as the quality of health in the same research area.

Developing research question

The use of theoretical aspects in research associates with the formulation of research questions and offering the answer of those questions (Amarante et al. 2022). However, the clarification of study objectives is a significant take in research in terms of understanding the question as well as its findings. In the following context, the functionalist perspective of theories refers to the physical state of research context while forming questions (Sharma et al. 2022). In addition, this specific perspective also emphasises on the good health as well as effective and quality healthcare for the society in terms of functioning and explaining the research questions. On the other hand, the conflict theory perspective helps in forming questions by shedding light in the achievement of workplace culture in the healthcare sector that values the overall respect and collegiality among employees (Sharma et al. 2022). The concept of conflict theory also impacts the formation of research questions by understanding the existing situation in the healthcare sector as well as identifying social differences that lead to the functionality of employees in the same situation.

For the following context, the basis of the research question relies on the high cases of "depression" among diabetic patients along with the reason behind it in health and social care. Here, the perspective of functionalism in research highlights the reasons for particular types which play a crucial role to affect the function of mental state as well as the system which is part of the particular state (Amarante et al. 2022). This concept also relates to the nature of mental states as well as the functionality of the state in comparison with the constituents that fixed the overall mental state. In the case of addressing specific disease or illness in health care, the concept of functionalism in research focuses on the motivational deviance that is considered the reason behind the illness and its impact on the mental state of an individual (Wierszewski et al. 2022). This is followed by identifying the focal point which impacts the function of mental state in healthcare in case of diseases and their role while impacting the overall outcome for that disease. Therefore, it can be stated that this concept of theoretical perspective in research associates with the formation of research questions by focusing on the cause of the research alongside its impact on the context.

However, in the case of conflict theory research, it focuses on the mental health field in healthcare while providing support for the individual in need by solving conflicts (Berriche et al. 2022). It also addresses behaviourism alongside biological, psychodynamic as well as cognitive and humanistic aspects of mental Health while exploding the positive side to formulate and answer the research questions. This concept is effective for providing a proper framework which is associated with the understanding of specific behaviour, thought and development and by use of this the questions are formed and answered in research (Siregar, 2022).

Justifying the chosen theoretical perspective to answer the research question with the use of appropriate literature

From the above discussion, it can be addressed that both functionalism and the conflict theory aspect in research associate with the development of research questions while shedding light on the healthcare sector. However, in the case of identified research questions, the concept of conflict theory is effective in terms of answering the question for the rising case of "depression" among diabetic patients as well as the reasons behind the deterioration of mental health among the same patients. As per the statement of Assafi and Aziz (2022), health is considered a different aspect for different individuals. However, in the case of functionalism in research, it focuses on the overall function of human beings while highlighting the absence of diseases. This leads to the arising of questions on the basis of medical issues and individual decision-making power while dealing with any specific situation (Schlee, 2022). In the case of the following question, this factor could impact the formulation of questions and its answers while decreasing the decision-making power among individuals and thus impacting the overall mental health state.

On the other hand, conflict theory encourages the structure of forming questions in research while trying to understand the rooting issues in special issues (Wierszewski et al. 2022). This factor includes the identification and undertaking the role of commodification in social context (Schlee, 2022) such as health. This is followed by identifying the dominant group along with the hierarchy in the social context in terms of influencing the decision-making power and its overall impact on the research outcome. The specific perspective is considered significant in the health care sector while identifying the role of people with money and power known as the dominant group who are capable of making decisions and managing the operation in the healthcare system while ensuring the health care coverage and improving the quality of process (Dahrendorf, 2022). Therefore, it could be stated that this perspective is effective for the case of "diabetes" patients while understanding the care given to us and the patients hierarchy along with understanding the care give us role in making decisions in order to improve the quality care of patients while dealing with their mental state. This perspective also associates researchers to find out the certain inequalities in the health care system which is considered credible in medical advancement and improving the financial structure by providing support and reward (Farkas, 2022). Therefore, this could lead to the providence of a structure dependent aspect while dealing with diabetic patients with "depression" and understanding their care process while minimising the inequalities and medical actions which explains the answers of the rising "depression" cases among same patients.

Task 2: Undertaking the concept of pilot research projects that does not require ethical approval

Different methodologies used in research and identification of appropriate one to answer the research question

There are several methodological components that are implied in the research in terms of continuing Research and making the overall research process effective and manageable (Bauer, 2017). Secondary method is implied in the following context in the form of different constituents as it helps researchers with the aim of using the existing information without collecting new data (McCradden et al. 2022). In addition, the secondary information also uses the pre-existing information that allows the researcher to improve the overall study quality maintaining fairness and efficiency of clinical and medical Research care (Mary et al. 2023). Therefore, it has been identified to answer the research question.

Research philosophy

Identification of proper research philosophy for any study is considered a meaningful option while identifying the belief and system for the research and it also helps in developing information regarding the same context (Park et al. 2020). As per the source of Al Harahsheh and Pius (2020), the research philosophy revolves around a basic belief system and World view which associates the investigation for the research context. There are three basic philosophies used in research including positivism, interpretivism and realism. For the secondary research, interpretivism has been identified with the aim of interpreting the data regarding the rising cases of "depression" among "diabetes" patients subjectively while understanding the patients' experience.

Research approach

The selection of a proper research approach is also a crucial step which helps researchers in terms of identifying a detailed plan as well as the procedure of steps while conducting research (Tuffour, 2017). The use of research approaches helps with the understanding of theoretical underpinning and associates the study conductors to achieve a desired outcome. The use of an inductive approach is considered effective in the secondary study while associating researchers to understand the logic and light touch review and identifying primary differences for the study subject (Woiceshyn and Daellenbach, 2018).

Research strategy

Strategy is one of the important aspects of mythology and helps in providing a detailed direction for the researcher while conducting the overall research (Oliva, 2019). The use of research strategy is considered a strategic plan by the researcher with the aim of addressing the primary principle of action as well as the explanation towards theoretical frameworks which are relevant to the following study context (Schoch, (2020). Here case study strategy has been identified for the secondary research with the aim of conducting study and giving a detailed analysis of a particular situation such as increasing cases of "depression" among "diabetes" patients.

Time horizon

Time frame or time horizon is considered a choice for the researcher while understanding the process of study by using either cross sectional or longitudinal processes (Sánchez-Pérez et al. 2022). In the secondary research context, the use of a cross sectional time frame is considered a significant day in terms of analysing all the facts and beliefs while extracting new facts within unlimited time (Da et al. 2021) and hence it is selected for the following context.

Ethical considerations

The maintenance of ethical standard is considered a significant day for the conduction of proper research and it is also associates with the researcher by managing the participants integrity, dignity as well as security, right and authenticity of the research information. As the secondary research required no participation for continuing the collection of new information, there are limited chances of breaching ethical regulation in the following case study. For the following context as information is collected from different study sources The authenticity of the information is required to be maintained by providing credit to the authors as well as text while collecting information for the following study context.

Evaluation of the differing data collection methods available for the selected methodology

There are two types of data collection methods that are implied in the case of the research process. These are the primary and secondary data collection methods and for the following context, a secondary method has been identified in order to carry out the research process. The use of secondary research in healthcare could help the researchers with the improvement of patient care and transforming the ability of diagonalising diseases in the early stage (Tortorella et al. 2023) which is relevant for the given context on identifying the reason behind the rising cases of "depression" among the diabetic patients. The secondary method consists of two different types including qualitative and quantitative methods while carrying out the research process (HR and Aithal, 2022) and for avoiding the ethical aspects in study purpose, secondary qualitative has been selected. As the qualitative analysis associates the researcher to access the information without reaching to the participant (Clarke, 2022), it also reduces the challenges regarding ethical issues while gathering information for the study. It also helps in saving effort as well as the oral expense of the research process while using the already existing information to provide specific data on the research context (Olmos-Vega et al. 2023). In addition, qualitative research is considered a significant context which helps researchers to understand the pattern of health behaviour as well as describing the experience of illness while designing proper intervention in healthcare and developing healthcare theories (HR and Aithal, 2022). Therefore, the qualitative process has been identified for the given case study.

Discussing and carrying out data collection process

For the following research context, a secondary data collection process is implied in order to access information on the rising cases of "depression" among "diabetes" patients as well as the reason behind the same context. The secondary data collection process includes the collection of information from existing sources and this is done by using search engines such as Google Scholar, ProQuest and many more. Information is collected from books, journals, articles, newspapers, websites and Government reports. After this the collected information is analysed by identifying codes and developing themes for the desired outcomes.

Task 3: Critically evaluate research outcomes

Evaluating and presenting data collection in an appropriate manner

While discussing the collected information for the following context it can be stated that the information is collected on the basis of the primary research question on the rising cases of "depression" among diabetic patients and the potential reasons behind it. The information is collected from secondary sources including books, journals, articles, newspapers, websites and Government reports by using several search engines. In addition, the inclusion and exclusion criteria are implied for the collection of information. This technique is considered a significant option which helps researchers to understand the crucial element of the study materials while selecting suitable data on the basis of given context (Pérez-Escolar and Canet, 2022). This is followed by associating with the continuation towards the overall research process in terms of achieving desirable outcome in the study.

The inclusion and exclusion technique is generally used while writing and collecting specific information and reviewing the overall process and it also inclines the methodological aspect in terms of identifying potential study sources to access the proper result (Tortorella et al. 2023). The inclusion technique of data collection referred to the use of English language study sources along with full text PDF as well as peer reviewed journals. The primary study sources are based on the rising cases of "depression" in "diabetes" patients and their reasons while focusing on the information from the UK market. Last 5 years of study resources are prioritised in terms of choosing information for the given study context. On the other hand, the exclusion criteria includes the removal of non-English language study sources, the publication's information without full text PDF as well as the articles with the use of quantitative measurements. In addition, the Prisma diagram is also included while collecting information for the following context as this diagram is capable of providing a screening process and identifying proper study sources for the research context (Tortorella et al. 2023). This diagram is considered a significance for collecting information while addressing the detailed distribution of required information and identifying informative sources in order to maintain the transparency of the conducting research process (Pérez-Escolar and Canet, 2022). The collected information is analysed by using Microsoft Excel in order to provide justification for the statistical findings as well as the relation towards the given study context on the basis of rising cases of "depression" among "diabetes" patients. This is also significant for the following context in terms of justifying the research questions with the collected information to achieve a desired outcome.

Critically evaluating the results by producing discussion and conclusion while developing a disseminate findings


In terms of evaluating the result from the collected information, it can be stated that the people with "diabetes" consist of the probability of having "depression" due to the alteration in brain chemistry (Discussingactionresearch.blogspot, 2023) which is tied with the specific disease. In case of "depression" among "diabetes" patients the symptoms include empty feeling changes of eating habits, insomnia as well as lethargy, excessive sleeping habits while difficulty with decision making and travel of concentrating in day today activities (, 2023). In case of "diabetes", insulin resistance is considered a significant risk factor which induces major "depressive" symptoms among the patients and considered a factor for increased risk of developing "depressive" disorder (Saharia et al. 2022). In the case of the UK population, the dramatic increases of obesity rates have fixed the higher rate of type to "diabetes" and currently, 4.7 million people in the UK are suffering from the same disease (, 2023). Among the affected population approximately 10% of patients are suffering from "diabetes" distress whereas 13% of the population are affected with "diabetes" distress as well as the "depressive" symptoms while 12% have shown only "depressive" symptoms in the UK (, 2023). In case of addressing the statistical values on the basis of areas in the UK, Scotland has more than 301523 patients who are diagnosed with "diabetes" alongside 198883 patients from Wales and 3919505 patients from the UK (, 2023). Among them, approximately 50% of patients with "diabetes" are suffering from mental issues including "depression" as well as anxiety disorders (, 2023).

While addressing the reason behind the above-mentioned scenarios in the UK, it can be stated that the commodity of mental and physical disorder is considered a significant challenge for healthcare and it is growing every day. It was also found out that "depression" is considered a more likely incident to occur among people suffering "diabetes" in which the person without "diabetes" and the "depressive" disorder are also registered with the significant level of "diabetes" specific distress (, 2023). This factor is considered a clear distinguishable context while addressing "depressive" situations among the patients and considered a risk factor for mental health issues. While conducting epidemiological studies among "depressive" and diabetic patients in the USA and the UK alongside other high-income countries the result has shown the overall number of people suffering from "diabetes" which referred to the 350 million people (, 2023). Among them approximately 10 to 15% are suffering from "depressive" situations in general and it is considered twice as high as the presence of "depression" among non-diabetic patients (, 2023). The risk factors for increasing risk of "depression" among diabetic patients refers to the low birth weight along with adverse events in childhood as well as lifestyle miss management and increasing weight of obesity (, 2023). Why women are higher at risk in comparison with men in terms of developing "depressive" disorders with or without the presence of "diabetes" mellitus approximately 27% of women with "diabetes" are suffering from "depression" while 18% of men are suffering from the same (, 2023).


While concluding the overall context, it can be stated that demonstrating the formulation of overall research questions on the basis of theoretical perspective is discussed here alongside justification with suitable sources. Apart from that, different methodological constituents are addressed in the following context. This also helps in justifying the suitable option for the given research question and addresses the data collection for the same aspect. In addition, the context has successfully addressed the role of secondary research in this given study context. Secondary study is effective in the health care sector while improving the quality and efficiency of medical field related Research and thus, it has been used for the following research questions. Besides qualitative research also associated with the pattern of health behaviour while describing illness experience and using healthcare theories, this has been used for the given context with the aim of removing ethical issues. Besides, the findings and the statistics are presented for the following context while using suitable sources.

Produce a critique of the process and the limitations of the project

While mentioning the limitation of the given project it can be stated that the sole use of a single research method limits the overall outcome. The inclusion of quantitative methods would highlight the perspective of associated employees in the healthcare sector to showcase their views on the research question and provide a proper result. Due to the presence of limited time and resources, the use of secondary methods has shown the outcome by inability to access paid resources for the further use.


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