Impact Of Safety Management On Business Success Assignment Sample

impact of workplace injuries, the relationship between safety and business success, and strategies to reduce accident rates.

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Chapter 1: Introduction Of The Manufacturing Industry Of The UK The Workers Have Been Facing Major Issues, in Maintain Their Safety At The Workplace

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1.1 Research Background

This paper has been executed with an aim to raise a concern about the workers in the manufacturing industry of the UK. As it can be asserted from the history of the manufacturing industry of the UK the workers have been facing major issues in having been able to maintain their safety at the workplace (Che, Du and Chan, 2020). The workers due to the manufacturing skills gap have been facing severe issues and thus are unable to deliver the required quality that is needed for the work. The country in the recent past has faced the loss of skilled workers due to the Brexit separation thus enabling the workers travelling to the UK for jobs EU to face barriers which made them look for opportunities in their hometown (Bhagat et al., 2020).

The result of the Brexit separation has been such that the manufacturing industry UK manufacturing industry fell short of skilled labour thus ending up causing a burden for the existing workers (Ladewski and Al-Bayati, 2019). The reason behind the execution of this paper is thus the pressure and the unfair treatment faced by the workers in the manufacturing industry of the UK and the consequences suffered by the industry itself over the years.

1.2 Research Rationale

Research rationale is known to be an integral part of the paper as it enables the paper to provide a pragmatic outlook on the topic of the paper. This research paper has been one of the mediums in which the researcher can showcase the outlook of the people and various scholars based on the facts that are related to the safety management issues faced by the workers and the manufacturing industry of the UK (Haley et al., 2020). Through this paper, the researcher has thus tried to explain the process and models that ate associated with the subject matter so that the key challenges faced by them can be mitigated.

1.3 Research Significance

Having read this paper the readers can find out the key challenges that are faced by both the workers and the industry altogether (Higgs, 2020). The labour industry of the UK has weakened in the recent past since the workers have faced several global challenges however, most scholars deal with the issues faced by the workers while they put less importance on the consequences of the issues on the performance of the industry this paper has thus tried to cover those areas that are often overlooked thus the researcher has primarily focused on those areas that need greater importance (Mayhew and Anand, 2020). The significance of this paper has been such that the readers will be compelled to think about both scenarios that are required to understand any given issue. The safety management process is thus important for both the industry as well as the workers.

1.4 Aim and Objectives

This research paper has been executed with an aim to point out the types of injuries that take place in the workplaces of the manufacturing industry and the ways in which such issues can be mitigated. The objectives on which the paper will be focusing are given below.

  • To understand the significance of safety measures in the manufacturing companies of the UK
  • To evaluate the impact of workplace injury in the manufacturing industry.
  • To comprehend the relationship between business success and workplace safety.
  • To decrease the accidental situation in the manufacturing industry and ensure consistently

1.5 Research Questions

Research questions have been highlighted in the points below;

  • Why safety management is important for a business firm?
  • What are the consequences of workplace injury for a manufacturer?
  • How can safety management enable the success of a business firm?
  • How do reduce the rate of injuries in the manufacturing industry?

1.6 Problem Statement

At the time of collecting the data for this research work, the researcher had to face several issues one of which was that the researcher found it hard to convince the interviewees to be a part of the interview as the aim was to collect authentic data from first-hand sources. The researcher also had to face many hurdles in making the paper focus on the impact of the safety management issues on the manufacturing industries of the UK since there has been very fewer data that present the challenges of the industry rather than that of the workers (Wong, Man and Chan, 2021). However, the researcher eventually has been able to get the research done effectively after having met the hurdles with flying colours.

1.7 Research Scope

The scope of the research paper is likely to be higher as the content of the paper has been made highly informative which can be of great benefit to the industry and the workers working in it. Future researchers will also be able to derive much information from this chapter as they will be able to identify the flaws and the facts that remain in the manufacturing industry of the UK (Goa et al., 2019). The paper has also presented the safety management model and process along with the perceptions of the previous scholars from the authentic and relevant journal articles thus has made it easier for the readers to gain information about the subject matter in a convenient manner.

1.8 Research Structure

This portion of the paper provides an outline of the entire paper so that the readers can have a brief idea about the content of the paper and the type of data it includes.

Chapter 1: Introduction

This is the introductory portion of the paper that deals with the reasons behind the choice of the topic of the paper. This portion also highlights the aims and objectives of the paper based on which the entire paper is based.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

This portion of the paper discusses the previous research which is related to the topic of the paper.

Chapter 3: The Methodology and Philosophy

This chapter deals with the process in which the research work has been conducted and the steps were taken by the researcher to gather the necessary information.

Chapter 4: Data Collection, Analysis and Findings

The analysis and findings portion elaborates on the data that has been collected and the sources used for the collection.

Chapter 5: Conclusion and Recommendations

This is the concluding part of the paper where the researcher concludes the entire paper. The researcher has also recommended the ways in which the quality of the content of the paper can be made better.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

2.1 Overview

This portion of the paper is based on the theoretical part of the paper which is based on the topic that has been chosen by the researcher. The theoretical framework portion deals with the theories and perceptions of various research scholars to ensure that they get to discuss each and every aspect of the topic of the paper. This portion of the paper mainly deals with the perceptions of the management factors prevailing between the safety and quality professionals in the manufacturing industry and the relationship that takes place within the manufacturing industry between the manufacturing industry and workplace safety. This chapter has further elaborated on various types of safety management systems that are applied by the UK’s manufacturing industry and the consequences that the workers get to face due to the injuries. The chapter has at the last stated some recommendations in which the rate of injuries can be reduced consequently.

2.2 Theoretical Framework

2.2.1 Management Factors Prevailing Between the Safety and Quality Professionals in the Manufacturing Industry

As per the statement of Ragona (2019), Such participation is uncommon in the modern workforce, but occupational safety incidents continued to end in fatalities. Instead of being regarded as an unnecessary or unnecessary aspect of the work, safety is often viewed as an essential component of complete management within strategic and operational goals. The prevention of safety incidents and accidents is a critical aspect of effective management practices and high-quality work.

According to Enchill, and Mireku (2014), the effectiveness of occupational safety and the security of an organization’s essential function are positively associated. A safety performance evaluation measures changes in the feeling of security over time as a result of measures taken to reduce relevant hazards. Safety indicators include both direct and indirect indications. While indirect data gauge the efficacy of processing elements supported by the organisation, such as engineering services, operations management, and education, direct metrics are based on experience data.

In this concern, Caravello (2011) stated that the emerging topic of transformational leadership research on the subject of safety is the influence of context on the effectiveness of this strategy. Numerous researchers cited situational characteristics, such as steady vs novel circumstances, as illustrative of the varied efficacy of transactional versus transformational strategies. This research identified the hierarchical separation between followers and leaders or social distance, as a mediator between transformational leaders and safety outcomes.

Management commitment, safe work procedures, and safety legislation were all substantially correlated with safety behaviour in a firm. By making sure that all safety-related information is quickly communicated to the workforce, management demonstrates its commitment to safety (Vinodkumar and Bhasi, 2010). The image of workplace safety is improved when supervisors communicate job-related safety information to employees from the top down. If the worker feels more comfortable bringing up safety-related problems with the supervisor, the impressions are solidified even further (Sun et al ., 2022).

2.2.2 Relationship between the Safety Management and Success of the business

As per the statement of Abdullah et al . (2022), Management commitment, safe work procedures, and safety legislation were all substantially correlated with safety behaviour in a firm. By making sure that all security information is quickly communicated to the workers, leadership demonstrates its dedication to security. The image of workplace safety is improved when supervisors communicate job-related safety information to employees from the top down. If the worker feels more comfortable bringing up safety-related problems with the supervisor, the impressions are solidified even further.

Cheng (2018) found a correlation between certain safety management methods and fewer instances of high-risk occurrences. Management must provide a safe and healthy workplace for all employees, and their involvement is essential in all areas, including the dissemination of safety information to workers and the execution of risk assessments and safety inspections to foresee possible dangers through job analysis and improve safety outcomes. Several industries have placed more emphasis on safety culture to reduce work-related accidents (Cheng, 2018, SOMANI, 2022).

Moreover, in several industries, like manufacturing, building, and many others, a safe environment is gaining importance as an indicator of employee health and safety. Results from research studies that correlated the idea of a safety management system with safety culture and other serious safety outcomes have indicated that SMS has elicited outcomes. This lends credence to the idea that the management is responsible for these outcomes (Otitolaiye et al ., 2021).

As per the statement of Majid et al ., (2022), Leaders of companies that place a premium on employee wellbeing, like those in the manufacturing industry, understand the relevance of their organisations’ cultures. They may have the goal of fostering a culture of interdependence, which is a term that safety experts use often to characterise a high degree of safety maturity in which people look out for one another because they really care about one another. On the other hand, it is not always clear how organisations should go about establishing such a culture.

The commitment of management to implementing safety policies and creating safety rules and procedures will boost employees’ confidence in their abilities to engage in safe conduct and may reduce the risk that they will sustain an injury (Somani, 2022). Management is one of the aspects that affect the effectiveness of a workplace safety programme. If managers are devoted and concerned about the safety of their workers, it will be easier to eliminate hazardous working situations. Abdelkhalek et al. (2019) explained that the employees who work in supportive settings are more likely to engage in safety-related activities because they feel valued by the organisation. Additionally, it promotes the growth and comprehension of safety measures, including the use of protective equipment, among personnel.

2.2.3Types of Safety Management Model Applied by the Manufacturing Industry of the UK

As it has been stated by Moorkamp et al. (2014), there are several types of safety management systems that are adopted by the manufacturing industry of the UK. As the manufacturing industry consists of tasks that need the utmost sincerity thus it is required for the industry and the companies in it to adopt a definite system to ensure the safety of the workers working in it. Ladewski and Al-Bayati, (2019) mentioned that the safety management system can be stated to be a collection of structured processes that are carried forward company-wide so that adequate and effective risk-based decision-making can be carried forward by the organisations (Manu et al., 2018). The UK manufacturing industries also need to look after the statutory requirements so that they can comply with the Code of Federal Regulations.

There are mainly four basic components that are required to be taken into consideration for the management of safety by the manufacturing units of the UK.

  • Safety Policies and Objectives: This is considered to be the first stage of the safety management system as it helps the senior management members to establish a policy to showcase continual improvement in the method in which the manufacturing works were carried out. This further helps in meeting the safety goals that are required to be taken by the organisations.
  • Safety Risk Management: In this stage, the manufacturing units of the industry work effectively to determine the risks that are likely to take place which may end up causing detrimental consequences to the industry and to the workers.
  • Safety Assurance: Safety assurance is given to the workers after having evaluated each and every consequence that the workers might have to face. The industry further comes up with risk control strategies by having identified the hazards.
  • Safety Promotion: This phase consists of training and communicational activities which further enable the industry workers to build a positive culture amongst the workforce.

Safety Policy

· Fully documented policy

· Reporting employee

· Management of accountability

Safety Risk Management

· Identification of hazards

· Risk assessment

· Risk controlling

Safety Assurance

· Service/product providers

· Evaluations and Audit

· System Assessment

Safety Promotion

· Training

· Strengthening and building policies

· Safety lessons shared

Safety Management Models

As can be asserted from the above figure there are five basic safety management practice indicators that are based on planning, doing, checking and acting processes. All four processes are interlinked with each other each of the indicators has been explained in the points below.

  • Incident Risk Management: The first factor of the model deals with the preparation of the risks and the incidents that have taken place in the past which enables the manufacturing industries to take safety measures. For the recovery of the losses, the industries try to make necessary changes by having determined the incidents that are likely to take place.
  • Worksite Inspections: Li (2019) stated that the worksite inspection enables the industry inspectors to inspect the incidents that took place and ended up causing severe harm to the workers working at the worksites. The inspectors further identify the issues and the challenges that lay in the manufacturing units.
  • Safety Meeting Management: In this phase, the industry conducts a meeting in the presence of the inspectors and the other important members of the industry so that they can all together come up with an effective solution to mitigate the issue that they get to face with respect to the manufacturing industry.
  • Action Item Tracking: Su (2021) opined that to track the actions of the workers the organisations are required to implement a system in with each and every small to big action is recorded in an adequate manner by having cleared the path for the open and closed actions. Thus they are further able to follow up with the progress and meet the deadlines.
  • Incident Tracking: Soon after the action items are tacked the incidents that are likely to be tracked by detected and reported by the inspection teams so that they can triage and analyse the injuries caused to the workers on a regular basis.
  • Employee Qualifications and training: Akram et al. (2019) opined that the industry also needs to look after the qualification factor of the employees and train them to act accordingly so that they can work effectively and avoid making mistakes which will also further enable the manufacturing industry to record a lesser number of incidents taking place within the workplace.

Incident Risk Management

· Preparation of the risks

· Take safety measures

· Recovery of the losses

Worksite Inspections

· Inspect the incidents

· Identify the issues

Safety Meeting Management

· Come up with an effective solution

· Mitigate the issue

· Manufacturing industry

Action Item Tracking

· Implement a system

· Actions are recorded

Incident Tracking

· Tacked the incidents

· Reported by the inspection teams

Employee Qualifications and training

· Avoid making mistakes

· Record a lesser number of incidents

2.2.3 Challenges faced by the workers working in the manufacturing Industry in the UK

There are several challenges faced by the workers of the manufacturing industry of the UK, some challenges have been stated below:

Workforce Shortage: This factor has been one of the major challenges in the UK manufacturing industry as after the Brexit separation the country has been facing a serious issue in having easy access to skilled labours. Newman et al. (2020) put forward the opinion that since there is a lack of workforce the manufacturing units make the existing workers work for extra hours than their capacities which further acts against the will of the workforce making them suffer from severe health issues

Recruitment Challenges: Recruitment challenges have occurred within the country due to the fact that there have been fewer skilled workers present within the country thus the scope of the industry to hire more workers has been reduced considerably. Beraha and ?uri?in (2020) discussed that the recruitment process has slowed down due to the unavailability of the required number of workers while the vacancies have been greater giving rise to a hike in the unemployment rate among the workers.

Retention and Attrition: The remaining killed workers prevailing in the manufacturing industry of the UK tend to shift their job as per their convenience which further makes it tough for the industry to make the workers stay for a longer duration. Etheridge, Wang and Tang (2020) elaborated that as skilled workers gain proficiency in a given field their urge to gain greater position gets boosted which further make them shift their job in order to gain grab greater opportunities in the meanwhile the vacancies remain unfilled thus ends up making the manufacturing industry suffer.

Training and Development: To fill the vacancy for skilled workers the companies hire unskilled workers so that they can train them and help them develop the skills that are required for the job. However, in the paper of Mayhew and Anand (2020), the scholars stated that the process of the industry often gets to face long-term impacts due to the negligent act of the workers for unskilled performance which further hampers their career in the given field.

2.2.4 Identify the consequences of workplace injury for a Manufacturing Industry in the UK

Sorensen et al. (2018) came up with an opinion that the small to medium consequences that the manufacturing industry gets to face end up making them face issues by having them lose the time the production making them unable to meet the deadline as stipulated by them. As the industry policy makes it pay a heavy amount for the injury caused to the workers at the workplace the amount that is fixed to be paid to them makes the industry exceed the amount set in its budget. Wami et al. (2019) opined that the time spent on the investigation further diverts the mind of the workers making them have lower productivity levels and reduced quality performance for a prolonged time period. Shi and Nadeem (2022) stated that the employees and the workers often fail to act as per the emergency instructions for having had disturbed mindset which impacts the performance of the industry on a large scale. The amount of prosecution fines and loss of product also acts as a major consequence of the challenges faced by the manufacturing industry of the UK in terms of workplace injury.

Andersen et al. (2019) stated that apart from the small to medium form of challenges faced by the manufacturing industry there have been some immediate consequences that are caused due to major accidents which often end up causing heavy damage to the industry. The incidents further cause loss of productivity, low morale amongst the staff, subsequent reduction of sales and loss of reputation. Boadu Wang and Sunindijo (2020) highlighted the fact that as accidents in the manufacturing companies of the UK have been common the industry further defines those incidents to act as an Iceberg Effect for the industry which ends up impacting the work operations that has been running smoothly for years. Ikau et al. (2019) pointed out that the extra expenses that come out of the injury make the industry face sudden expenses. The workers often end up suing the industry before the court thus ends up hampering the reputation of the manufacturing industry of the UK.

2.2.5Recommend the ways to reduce the rate of injuries in the manufacturing industry of the UK

Ladewski and Al-Bayati (2019) explained that in order to reduce the rate of injuries in the manufacturing industry of the UK the steps that can be taken into consideration are that the industry must ensure that it gets to be aware of the electrical hazards and thus inspect the wiring system adequately so that the workers can work with utmost safety. Pandit, Patil and Albert (2020) discussed that the companies must try to train more employees and help them develop the skills that are required for them the fulfilment the vacancies that remained at the manufacturing units of the country. The industry must put to work the most skilled and an efficient member of the industry for training and development purposes as this is how they will be able to create a strong base for the company. Calzavara et al. (2020) also explained that the training and development strategies act as an effective measure for the reduction of the shortage of skilled labours within the country. By having limited the manual handling process and lifting it for maintaining the requirements of the industry on the regular basis the companies those falls under the manufacturing industry of the UK will be able to mitigate their issues in an effective manner.

Liang, Zhang and Su (2020) stated that the manufacturing industries also get to face a recruitment challenge which has enabled them to have greater scope in the market while competing with the global manufacturing industry since the industry lacks effective strategic plans that can back the industry in many ways. However, Fadinger and Schymik (2020) opined that by having retained the existing employees the industry will be able to boost the number of skilled labours within the industry. In case the workers get to face greater injuries the industry must therefore focus on hiring a doctor who would be present in the places that make the worker keep their life at stake to get the work done. With this initiative, the industry will be able to meet the needs and requirements of the workers and will be able to make them stay for a longer duration.

2.3 Literature Gap

The gap that remained in the research paper is that while conducting the research work although there has been a wide range of data based on the concept of the topic yet a clear idea about the range of injuries faced by the workers has not been found.The researcher found it hard to find out relevant data that are directly related to the subject matter and thus has come up with diverse ideas and theories that are close to the concerned topic.

2.4 Summary

The significance of the theories that have been used in this research paper can be found to have been added in this particular portion. The researcher after having identified the challenges and the consequences of the injuries in the paper has made sure that the recommendation portion gets to be executed effectively so that each and every challenge is considered and the ways in which it can be mitigated are also put forward. The systems that are related to safety management have also been evaluated as that will enable the manufacturing industry of the UK to take into consideration without having had any major issues in the path of achieving the goals of the companies.

Chapter 3: Research Methodology and Philosophy

3.1 Overview

The research methodology chapter includes the process in which the research work has been conducted. It enables the researcher to identify the issues that remain in the research work and find out the ways in which the issues can be mitigated. The reliability and validity of the research paper can also be identified having used this particular chapter. In this paper, the researcher has thus tried to point out all the valid points that are required to be added in the methodology chapter to make the paper an informative one. The type of approach, reasoning, philosophies and many other factors have been added in the description below.

3.2 Research Approach

There are various types of approaches that can be adopted by the research to get the research work done in an effective manner. It helps the paper to have a legitimate approach which further helps in providing findings that are scientifically sound and proven (Lai, 2018). The primary qualitative research approach has been taken into consideration for the execution of this paper as through this the researcher can create greater scope in the academic field. Having used the primary approach the researcher has been able to provide authenticity to the data which has further enabled the researcher to add first-hand information about the content of the paper (Mohajan, 2018). The researcher has further provided a deep understanding of the manufacturing industry of the UK and its safety measures which have now become the primary matter of concern. Both the primary and qualitative research approach has been added as both works effectively by having complimented each other and making the paper look even more attractive.

3.3 Research Reasoning

Effective research reasoning enables to save the time and effort of the readers to enquire about the subject matter in detail (Dodds and Hess, 2020). As the topic of the paper has been a common one there have been several pieces of information related to it which would have made the researcher get the research work done in an easy manner (Pandey and Pandey, 2021). However, the researcher of the paper concentrated on gathering the data from first-hand sources as the researcher believed it to be an authentic and reliable mode to add adequate reasons to the data provided in the research paper.

With the help of the inductive research approach, the researcher has further made sure that the content of the paper gets to be flexible and insightful. It has further made the paper be executed in a manner that can be close to the context of the paper so that it can act as a support system for the data when its authenticity is required to be proven (Newman and Gough, 2020). The researcher has thus been able to be observant and ready to adopt the change that is needed for the execution of this paper. It has further enabled the researcher to have greater scope in the field at the time of dealing with the sources.

3.4 Research Philosophy

Research philosophy is an integral part of the research methodology chapter as it enables the researcher to believe in the way in which the person can gather data about a particular phenomenon (Al-Ababneh, 2020). There are primarily four types of research philosophies that are adopted by the researchers to get their research paper accomplished, Positivism, Pragmatism, Realism, and Interpretivism. All four philosophies are widely used by researchers throughout the globe (Rinjit, 2020). However, each type has its own significance.

The positivism philosophy is used by the researcher to add a logical point of view so that the paper can be completed in an objective way. The pragmatism research philosophy is used to add a pragmatic approach to the research paper (Mishra and Alok, 2022). The realism research philosophy ensures that the paper can be executed in a manner that can rely on the ideas of the human mind that are independent in nature, and the interpretivism research philosophy is used by the researchers to put forward their interests by having observed the social world. In this paper, the research has made use of interpretivism research philosophy so that the core elements that are required for the successful execution of the paper can be covered adequately.

3.5 Data Collection

The data collection method is known to be the primary element of the methodology chapter as it explains the process by which the data has been collected. There are two types of data collection methods that are used by the researchers in the dissertations. The primary and secondary data collection methods are known to be used with the aim to add relevant and insightful data to the research paper. In this paper, the researcher has thus made use of the primary data collection method which has been further made use of while conducting the interview. To conduct the interview the researcher has made sure that five managers of the manufacturing industry of the UK are taken into consideration. The researcher further ensured that close-ended questionnaires are sent to the interviews. Before the interview session started the researcher prioritized the consent of the interviewees by having considered all the ethical considerations required for the preparation of the research paper.

3.6 Sampling Method

For the collection of the data, the researcher has made sure that the data is collected gets to be in an adequate manner thus the researcher has made use of a purposive non-probability sampling method (Cr, 2020). This method is known to be subjective in nature as it enables the researcher to rely on their personal judgement after having collected the data from the interviewees. As the managers of the manufacturing industry of the UK are considered here to be the first-hand sources thus the researcher has ensured that the purpose of the research is served effectively. The data collected from the 5 managers of the manufacturing industry of the UK have been used in the paper with the purpose of providing authentic and relevant data to the researchers. Further, the researcher has made sure that the data sampling method gets to be explained in detail so that the readers can have a clear idea about the purpose for which the interview had been conducted.

3.7 Data Analysis

To analyze the data in an effective manner the researcher has made sure that the thematic analysis tools are used. After the data has been collected successfully the researcher made sure that the data is further stored in the USB storage. Unless the research is successfully conducted having taken into consideration all the necessary aspects of the research the data will continue to be stored at the concerned place so that it cannot be stolen or shared with any third party. Thus the use of purposive non-probability sampling method had been used in this particular paper.

3.8 Ethical Consideration

To get the paper accomplished in a successful manner the researcher has made use of all the ethical considerations so that the quality of the paper is maintained (Säfsten and Gustavsson, 2020). The paper has further been executed by having taken the consent of the interviewees who have been involved in the research work. The researcher further assured the interviewees that any information related to the identification of the interviewees will not be shared and their privacy has been the utmost concern of the researcher. The interviewees have expressed voluntary participation to join the interview session as the researcher confirmed the fact that their anonymity will be taken care of. The assessment of the relevant components of the paper has been shared in the reference list. The paper has been conducted with full honesty and it is being assured the readers that the authenticity of the sources has been maintained. The data that has been added in the paper are relevant and have been collected via reliable sources making it easier for the readers to rely on the insights of the paper.

3.9 Summary

To summarize the above content it can be stated that the paper is based on the methods and philosophies that have been used in the research work. The primary qualitative research approach has been taken into consideration for the execution of this paper as through this the researcher can create greater scope in the academic field.With the help of the inductive research approach, the researcher has further made sure that the content of the paper gets to be flexible and insightful and the interpretivism research philosophy is used by the researchers to put forward their interests by having observed the social world. Purposive non-probability sampling has been used for the interview that has been conducted to make sure that the first-hand data is shared in the research paper.

Chapter 4: Data Collection, Analysis and Findings

4.1 Findings

This portion of the paper states the insights that the researcher has gathered from the interview sessions conducted with the managers of the manufacturing company in the UK. The names of the managers and the different organisations to which they belong have been kept anonymous so that their confidentiality is maintained thus the organisations have been denoted as ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, and ‘E’ for better understanding of the readers. Given below are some questions that have been asked to the managers along with the answers provided by them.

The details about the interview session are as follows:

Q 01: What do you do to educate on-site personnel to maintain the safety procedures and what do you do to provide them safety?

Interviewee 01 (A): Collaboration has been an effective means that made the workers learn about on-site safety procedures effectively. I made sure that I get to oversee the performance of the system and train the on-site personnel to gain technical skills so that they can deal with the emergency situation on their own.

Interviewee 02 (B): I made sure that I get to modify the goals and make the on-site personnel follow each and every process of using heavy machinery. I also trained them to detect the probable risks so that they can avoid getting into an unfortunate accident

Interviewee 03 (C): As it has been a challenging task to train the unskilled workers on-site, I initiated by making them work with the trained and skilled workers so that they can learn from their observations.

Interviewee 04 (D): I tried to set proper directions for the workers by having detected the areas in which they could improve. I also tried to allocate sufficient resources to them as this way they can feel motivated to gain the skills in a speedy manner.

Interviewee 05 (E): I worked on establishing a strong base for the on-site personnel by having made them learn from the basics. I made them follow a proper procedure to ensure that they can gain greater knowledge about the respective area.

Q 02: How do you investigate an on-site accident?

Interviewee 01 (A): I start by accessing the injury and provide any medical treatment like first-aid if necessary. Further, I make sure that I get to observe the accident scene and analyze each and every fact for which the accident might have taken place.

Interviewee 02 (B): I try to determine the root cause of the accident so that it can enable me to analyze the scene and the scenarios effectively. Further, I make sure that I get to implement corrective actions so that justice can be served to the on-site personnel.

Interviewee 03 (C): The first thing I do is to report the accident to the head office and get the worker to have the facilities that they are liable to get as per the policies of the company. After the situation is made to be under the control I gather information about the incident and take necessary action for it.

Interviewee 04 (D): I believe that by investigating an on-site accident I can take corrective actions in the workplace thus I always try to focus on the root of the cause. I also immediately report the issue to the management team so that the benefits provided by the organisation can be provided to the injured person.

Interviewee 05 (E): I always try to address the ‘Wh’ questions whenever an incident takes place in the organisation so that I can respond to the incident by having taken corrective measures. This way the satisfaction of the workers is also met.

Q 03: What benefits have the organisations gained with the existing safety management policies?

Interviewee 01 (A): With the improved safety management process the organisation has been able to cut the costs that are associated with the incidents and accidents that take place within the organisation. It has also effectively boosted the efficiency of the business as the on-site workers are able to work adequately without having the fear of life risk.

Interviewee 02 (B): The organisation has been able to increase its compliance with the introduction of safety management policies. It has also enabled the organisation to gain more profits and have higher productivity. This initiative of the organisation has made it gain positive PR with respect to its business.

Interviewee 03 (C): Safety measures taken by the organisation have made the employees get a productive and progressive work environment to work in. It has also made us have higher standards at the workplace while the workers have been showing greater interest to be a part of the organisation as they can further have the benefits provided by the safety policies in case of any accident or injury suffered by them.

Interviewee 04 (D): Since the company has been able to offer better safety management policies to the on-site workers the employee turnover rate of the company has reduced to a considerable level. The reduction in workplace injury has also proven the efficiency and quality maintained by the organisation in the business.

Interviewee 05 (E): As I have been able to take corrective measures by having accessed the root cause of the accidents the organisation is now getting to pay lower insurance premiums to the injured workers. It has also been a good factor for the organisation as the public image and PR have also been boosted measurably.

Q 04: Do you think that new safety policies are required to be implemented in the manufacturing industry of the UK?

Interviewee 01 (A): I believe that to lower the number of insurance premiums the organisation should implement more safety policies for the on-site workers.

Interviewee 02 (B): As this organisation has already added the required number of safety measures for the organisational benefit and for the safety of the on-site workers there is no need to add any other safety policy as of now.

Interviewee 03 (C): For the protection of the staff the company must incorporate the safety policy based on the reduction of physical hazards of the on-site works.

Interviewee 04 (D): I think that the organisation must divide the safety policies based on the intensity of the risks as that will be justified on the part of the workers and the amount of labour they put into the task.

Interviewee 05 (E): I do not think that the organisation needs to add any new safety management policy.

4.2 Evaluation and Analysis

Theme1: Workplace injuries and Importance and acceptancy of Safety Management in the Manufacturing Industry

In the manufacturing industries, the rate the workplace injuries rapidly growing due to the lack of safety that can impact business performance. In that case, all the organisations implemented the safety management plan. As per the evaluation of the findings result through the interview session it has been seen that managers said that, to protect the workers, the company must have a safety policy centred on lowering the physical dangers connected with on-site activities. This firm has already adopted the appropriate amount of safety regulations for both the organization’s benefit and the protection of its on-site personnel, therefore there is no need to introduce any further safety measures at this time.

The literary sources of Wami et al . (2019) found that workers’ focus was further diverted by the inquiry, which over time led to worse productivity and quality of work. There is a major impact on business results when employees and workers in the sector disobey emergency directives because of their mental condition. Some quick consequences have been caused by severe accidents, which typically result in substantial industrial destruction, as documented by Andersen et al. (2019), in addition to the small to medium-sized problems experienced by the manufacturing industry.

In that concern, from the evaluation of the findings, it has been seen that the managers from the five companies have said that, they have taken an investigation on the accident sites and employed the safety policies for the employees. By implementing safety management rules, the organization is able to boost adherence. Additionally, it has increased the organization’s productivity and profit margins. The organization’s approach has helped it acquire favourable PR for its company. Therefore, through this analysis, it can be said that workplace injuries have created a vast level of issues in the organisation's operational process of the manufacturing industry where safe management policies are necessary. Therefore, this result of the analysis has proved the first and second objectives of the research.

Theme2: Interrelation between the Safety Management and Business Achievements

There is a relation consisted between organisational success and safety management. From the evaluation of the findings, it has been seen that the managers explained they want to educate their personnel regarding their safety because they think that, their business must improvise a business performance. In this concern from the literary sources, it has been seen that Cheng’s (2018) study indicates a correlation between specific safety management strategies and fewer high-risk accidents. All employees should have access to a safe and healthy work environment, and in all regions, managerial involvement is essential, including the dissemination of safety data to employees and the implementation of assessments and safety checks to improve safety results and identify potential dangers through performance appraisal.

According to Enchill and Mireku (2014), the effectiveness of work safety and the safety of a company’s core mission are positively associated. A study of safety performance examines changes in related controls over time as a result of measures taken to reduce relevant hazards. Significant correlations exist between management commitment, safe work processes, safety laws and safety behaviour in an organisation (Vinodkumar and Bhasi, 2010).

In this regard, from the findings, it has been seen that the low turnover rate is due to the stricter safety management standards that have been implemented at the workplace. Workplace injury rates have dropped, demonstrating the company’s dedication to safety and quality. The company has increased its compliance with regulations thanks to the guidelines it has established for managing safety. The company’s income and output have both gone up as a result.

Therefore, from the critical analysis through the literary sources and finding results, it has been seen that safety management has a potent relationship with business success which has proved the third objective of the research.

Theme3: Effective Strategies for Safety Management

In order to meet the sublime, point of safety management in the manufacturing industry there need some strategies and choices which have been contextualised as per the responses of the individual in the interview session. In the fourth question regarding the safety policies the managers said that, For the protection of its employees, the firm must have a safety strategy based on the elimination of physical risks associated with on-site work. In this scenario, the managers of the various organisations in the manufacturing industry are required to follow a certain method so that they could get a deeper understanding of the particular field. In this regard, the literary sources of Ladewski and Al-Bayati (2019), it has been seen that they define the safety management process as an effective way to promote a safe atmosphere for the workers.

In this situation, the production units of the industry work efficiently to assess the risks that are likely to occur and result in negative outcomes for the industry and its employees. From the third question in the interview session among the managers it has been considered that, Since the organisation has been able to provide stronger safety management rules to on-site employees, the employee turnover rate has decreased significantly. The decrease in workplace injuries has also shown the organisation’s efficiency and commitment to quality inside the company.

Findings results have shown that, With the enhanced safety management approach, the company has been able to reduce the expenses related to incidents and accidents that occur inside the company. Therefore, from this perception of the managers, it can be said that the employment of safety management helps manufacturing companies. On this concern, from the literary sources, it has been seen that the safety management model is an essential factor (Su, 2021; Li, 2019) to incorporate the strategies so the risks of the employees are easily resolved. The implementation of this model and its theoretical notion is help to determine the factors of the different risks. Therefore, this evaluation has proved the fourth objective of the research.

Chapter 5: Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Conclusion

After having assessed the entire paper it can be asserted that the paper is primarily based on the safety management factors in the success of the business of the manufacturing industry of the UK. As can be asserted from the introductory portion that before the safety management policies were introduced win the organisations the on-site workers had been going through major health and safety issues. They have had to work having risked their lives on difficult on-site tasks without having had any liability on the organisations there have been working for. The companies further came up with effective measures and introduced safety management policies which facilitated the on-site workers to have the privilege of getting compensated for suffering from any kind of injury while working on the sites. Thus the safety management policies have been made to be effectively justified with the passing years.

The literary sources that have been taken into consideration in the second chapter of the paper explain that the safety management factors are of great importance for organisations as that makes them greater scope and benefits in the business. with the help of the safety management model, the justification for the use of safety management policies within the organisation has been put forward in the paper. The need of the UK manufacturing industries to look after the statutory requirements of the workers so that they can comply with the Code of Federal Regulations has also been put forward which explains the fact that the manufacturing industry needs to adopt the changes with the developmental changes that they have been going through over the years. The fact that the employees and the workers often fail to act as per the emergency instructions for having had disturbed mindset which impacts the performance of the industry on a large scale and impacts the productivity of the business that the requirement of the safety management factors has been of utmost importance in the manufacturing industries of the UK.

From the methodology and findings chapter, it can be ascertained that by having used primary qualitative data in the paper the researcher has paved the way for the readers to get a detailed understanding of the subject matter from the insights that have been collected from the first-hand sources. From the discussion portion, the conclusion that can be drawn is that the safety measures in the manufacturing companies of the UK have been of great importance as it has been of great help both for the workers as well the companies implementing the measures. The discussion portion of the paper also states the impact that workplace injury had in the manufacturing industry of the UK as it has been significant for companies in the contemporary world to maintain a good reputation in the market. Having incorporated the safety measures the companies have been able to improve their image in the target market and have also been able to improve the quality of service they got from the workers.

With the help of the discussions that have been elaborated in the above portion the relationship between the success of the business and workplace safety can be clearly understood as both the facts can be seen to be interdependent on each other. An organisation that provides workplace safety is likely to gain business success in an effective manner which further enables it to have greater scope in the business world. In order to reduce the accidental situation in the manufacturing industry of the UK and to ensure the work productivity of the workers, companies must try to incorporate adequate safety management policies within the organisations.

5.2 Recommendations

To recommend the manufacturing industry of the UK some factors have been stated in the points below which are required for the organisations to take into consideration.

  • Apart from the primary safety management policies, the companies must try to incorporate the measures that enable the on-site workers working on sites that are at heavy risk to have the facility to be benefitted from extra allowances like that of life-insurance facilities or considerable compensation amount so that the families of the workers get to maintain its survival in case of any unfortunate incident takes place.
  • As the primary aim of the manufacturing industry is to promote business success thus by adopting the Transitional duty policy the companies will be able to facilitate both the employer and the employee by having saved the leaves taken by the employee and make them the scope to accelerate and recover the claim having effectively reduced the claim cost.
  • The companies must also try to add Hazard identification policies which will ensure the company controls the hazards that are likely to take place in the workplace. It will further help the companies to create awareness amongst the employees and ensure that they get to use it as a training tool.
  • In case the workers get to face greater injuries the industry must therefore focus on hiring a doctor who would be present in the places that make the worker keep their life at stake to get the work done.
  • The industry must put to work the most skilled and an efficient member of the industry for training and development purposes as this is how they will be able to create a strong base for the company.

5.3 Future Research Scope

The researcher in this paper has tried to cover all the essential factors that were required to be mentioned in order to make the paper insightful and informative which will be of great help to future research scholars. However, as the researcher of the paper has taken into consideration only the primary qualitative data collection method some gap has remained in the paper which can be further fulfilled by future research scholars. Future researchers also have scope to explore the subject matter by having discussed the safety management factors of the companies unlike the one of this paper which is focused on the manufacturing industry.

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