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Introduction of The National Health Service Assignment
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Evaluation of the three significant changes in NHS
In the NHS, several kinds of changes in the acts can be evaluated. The NHS is mainly known as the National Health Services which is a strong model of a health care system within the United Kingdom. Mainly three kinds of changes have been evaluated here which are included the Abortion Act of 1967, the introduction of the Prescription Changes Tax, and the Smoking Ban Act.
The Abortion Act
In NHS one change that has occurred is the abortion activity in the UK in 1967. In the UK, abortion is permitted on grounds that there is a risk to the life of the woman who is pregnant and preventing permanent for their physical and mental health. The injury risk for the improvement of the mental and physical health of the pregnant woman is under the changes of these acts. This act focuses on pregnancy termination and makes the termination valid from the point of view of Law. The Pregnancy Advisory services of the UK were mainly established and registered as a charity in 1967 for providing some legal and safe abortion services (Sheldon et al. 2019). The overall changes of these acts mainly occur in 1967 in abortion acts. The abortion Act of 1967 has mainly legalized abortion. In some of the hospitals, they have not given any kind of service based on abortion carte and some of the doctors were able to bre4fuce them. Moreover, in some hospitals, the abortion charges are too high to afford, In that case, based on this act, it can be stated that the hospitals need to offer treatment services and consultation at an affordable price for legalized abortion. On the other side, the NHS which is a national health service has stated that they always help in ensuring the assessment of the abortion care is fast, equitable, and free for the client. However, the act of abortion in 1967 has stated that they can give the home administration of the use of medication mainly in the second part of the overall treatment. Under this kind of legislation, it can be stated that abortion can be legislated after six days or 22 weeks of gestation. However, it can be also stated that after the period, only the practitioner of the medical department can only help in performing the abortion after consulting with another practitioner and all of those procedures have medically appropriate (Sheldon and Wellings, 2019). Moreover, it can be also stated that unless of some emergency condition, all the abortions can be taken place in the NHS hospitals and also some other places that have been approved by the UK government based on the abortion act of 1967. Before the Act, several cases of after death had been seen due to complicated pregnancy, the other cases such as abnormal birth, and child death right after the birth were also seen before the act was launched. The act resulted in a reduction in the rate of maternal death during delivery due to pregnancy-related complications, the birth of an abnormal child. These acts impact the overall health system of the country.
The Smoking Ban act changed in the UK and was mainly introduced in Scotland in March mainly in 2006. Moreover, in Northern Ireland and Wales in 2007, this act stated that it has become illegal for smoking in any restaurant, pub, nightclub, some work vehicles, and workplaces, and mainly anywhere in the UK. The Tobacco and Green Policy has mainly led the RSPH which is the Royal Society for the Public Health says that this smoking ban is one of the biggest interventions in public health that is mainly seen over the last more than 14 years (Laverty et al. 219). Therefore based on this act, it can be stated that smoking in UK places is one of the punishable factors that can lead to the highest amount of fine charges (McKenna, 2018). In the UK, health problems can be increased because of the consumption of tobacco. Due to that reason, the risk factors can be increased which can cause a lot of lung cancer, stroke, and heart disease. Based on this problem, some major modification has been evaluated in this smoking ban act. On the other hand, the ban on smoking has mainly been introduced by parliament in the UK in all public places, workplaces, and work transport. Moreover, as per the order of the NHS, smoking is unpermitted in any kind of place in the UK (Mwebe, 2018). Including those things, it can be stated that smoking cannot be allowed in any kind of the trust property at Chase Farm hospital, Barnet hospital, and some of the Royal Free hospitals. The Smoking Ban Act accuses a negative impact on the service provided by lowering their business in the country. Therefore this act improves the overall health of the country by reducing the smoking causing diseases in the population of the country.
Introduction of prescription charges
The prescription change tax is law in the UK. The law was first introduced in the year of 1952. It can be stated that all of those are mainly abolished in the year 1965 and then again reintroduced. Therefore with some exemptions, in 1968, chapters were reintroduced based on the pressure of the budget. As per the study in the year 2019, more than 601 million have been generated in the overall revenue from the charges of the prescription which is mainly supported directly in the delivery of the services of the NHS. However, in the UK, it can be stated that mainly most adults need to pay the charges of the prescription (nhsbsa.nhs.uk, 2020). Some certain groups in the UK are entitled to the free charges of the prescription. On the other side, all of the charges which are for medication and contraceptives for the interpretation of the hospitals have been reduced. However, it can be also stated that some of the major changes have been applied within the medical appliance of the prescription that helps in supporting the stocking based on per stocking (Ewbanket al. 2018). However, another change that has occurred in this can be stated that if the payment of the prescription charges is irregular then a PPC that is a prescription payment certificate can help in saving money. Moreover, if some are under the free prescription prepayment certificate then they only can get a refund (Croker et al. 2019). The refund can be given if they are given the FP57 refund receipt after the payment option.
Impact of those changes on the service provider and users
Impact of the abortion act changes on the service provider and users
Impact of abortion on service users
The implementation of the abortion act of 1967 helps in the determination of the risk factors of the pregnant woman that can reduce the negative mental and physical impacts. Moreover, the implementation of the abortion act of 1967 helps in improving the health condition of women from serious pregnancy conditions (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2021). On the other side, abortion care can be increased which helps service users that make an impact on service providers. Moreover, the payment option during pregnancy can be reduced.
Impact of abortion on the service provider
The change within the abortion act is one of the vital changes. Those kinds of changes also help in maintaining the overall development activities that help in improving the overall development of the woman's power. The implementation of the 1967 abortion act mainly helps in terminating the pregnancy that has survived with more risk factors. On the other hand, the implementation of this act of 1967 helps in reducing the mental and health injury of pregnant women. The implementation of this act also helps in preventing grave permanent injury. On the other hand, it can be also stated that implementation of the 1967 act mainly helps in continuing those kinds of injuries which have a lot of risk factors (bpas.org, 2022). The implementation of this abortion act helps in continuing the risk-associated pregnancy. On the other side, it can be stated that the implementation of this 1967 abortion act helps in suffering from some risk factors that are based on mental and physical injury of the pregnant woman. However, it can be also stated that the excessive population can be reduced by this abortion act of 1967 which helps in reducing the critical pregnancy (Hawkins et al. 2021). Due to that reason, the risk factors for abnormal baby birth can be reduced.
Impact of Smoking Ban act changes on the service provider and users
Impact of Smoking Ban act changes on the service users
The smoking ban act helps in quitting smoking. Therefore, the smoking act helps in reducing the chances of heart attacks, heart disease, and lung disease and most importantly the chance of cancer helps in improving the health condition of service users. Due to that reason, it can be evaluated that the service provider can face a negative impact rather than service users. The smoking ban act helps in quitting smoking. Along with this, the smoking act helps in reducing the chances of heart attacks, heart disease, and lung disease and helps in improving the health condition of service users which is the most important factor.
Impact of Smoking Ban act changes on the service provider
The smoking ban act is one of the beneficial acts for the service users but also can make a negative impact on the service providers. Due to that reason, it can be stated that the smoking ban act changes the law and helps in improving the health of the people who are addicted to smoking. The implementation of this smoking ban act helps in reducing the negative health impact on the people. But the business revenue of the service provider can be decreased. It can be stated that more than 94% of the UK bars have been reduced which is one of the greatest negative impacts on the service provider. With the implementation of the smoking ban act of 2006, the annual deterioration in the ceiling of cigarettes in the country has been reduced. The admission to the hospital for the implementation of this smoking ban act in the UK can be decreased by 18% which is one of the largest impacts on the service providers (bhf.org.uk, 2022). After three months of implementation of the act, this yields a lot of good sides because it can decrease more than 7% of dropping the sales of cigarettes in the UK that negatively impact the cigarette sellers in the country, and diminish their business. Mainly the service provider can face an economic downfall based on their development. The employees of the company who produce and sell cigarettes in the country also go through economic downfalls and economic loss. As per the report, several employees lost their job who works in the service provider company. Therefore the cases of unemployment have increased in the country.
Impact of introduction of prescription charges changes on the service provider and users
Impact of introduction of prescription charges changes on the service provider
It helps in improving the efficiencies of the users that impact positively on the service provider by developing revenue. The prescription charges also help in preventing the health development from the assessment of the medicine. However, that kind of change helps in recognizing the impact of the intervention which is simple and helps in improving the access to the health outcomes. The changes in this law of prescription changes help in reducing the health care cost that helps improve the efficiencies and effectiveness of the service providers who are people. Due to that reason, the evaluation helps in demonstrating that this implementation is one of the important elements that help positively service users and service providers.
Impact of introduction of prescription charges changes on the users
The changes in the prescription act of NHS gives a lot of positive impact on the service users. By removing the prescription charges, a lot of benefits can be faced by the service user that can give also a lot of positive impacts. Due to removing the prescription charges the improvement of the assessments of medicines on the outcome of health and utilization of the health services can be done. On the other side, the implementation of this technique helps in affordable buying the medicines the prescription which is one of the influencing factors for adhering to the improvement of medicine (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 2021). On the other side, it can be also stated that removing the charges of the prescription helps in comparing with other kinds of policy changes. This kind of change helps in identifying the impact of the intervention which is simple and helps in improving the access to the health outcomes. The changes in this law of prescription changes help in reduce the health care cost that helps in improving the efficiencies and effectiveness of the service users who are people. On the other side, this prevention of the prescription charges helps in maintaining and improving the health condition of the service users. However, with the implementation of the prescription charge law, the willingness for paying and losing welfare can be improved impact positively on the service users.
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