Civil Engineering Technology Assignment Sample

Understanding Construction Methods, Techniques & Safety Measures for Industrial Buildings & Bridges in South England

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Introduction Of Civil Engineering Technology Assignment

The research will conduct on a specific case study of the civil engineering technology. Depending on the case study the research provides a coursework in part of the south of England where specified such kinds of locations to build ten buildings like industrial and factories with “baby foods, soap, perfumes, and several other commodities”. To build this building works creates a connection with the other sites so, as to produce the bridge or highway on the river which is exactly 20 m wide and a distance of 4 km from the construction site. According to the case study, the research will establish a critical discussion on the earthwork and techniques with the using methods. And during the construction work, the site has to maintain the safety plan against the risk assessment factors, evaluate the problems, and creates a new solution figure to design to proposed new infrastructure, all are notified in this research as well.

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Discussion

Task 1: Method and Techniques

(a) The research states the techniques and the using equipment to build the industrial building and the factories. In the construction work, earthwork is the basic work to start any construction parts. Thus, this case study defines the using method and equipment to build the industrial building, which involves excavating, grading, and levelling the ground to create a stable foundation for construction. The process typically involves the use of heavy equipment, such as “bulldozers, excavators, and loaders”, to move large amounts of soil and rock. Once the earthworks are complete, the construction of the building and facilities can begin. Industrial buildings and factories require specialized equipment and techniques to ensure efficient and safe operation (Isa et al. 2019). As large cranes are often used to lift and move heavy machinery into place. Industrial-grade HVAC systems are also necessary to maintain comfortable working conditions and regulate temperature and humidity levels. Construction techniques also play a critical role in industrial building and factory manufacturing. Techniques such as “prefabrication and modular construction” can help accelerate the construction process and reduce costs.

(b) Creating complex foundations, piling works, and drainage systems for industrial buildings and factories requires specialized methods and equipment. For deep foundation techniques such as “driven piles or drilled shafts” may be used to support heavy loads and ensure stability. Also, techniques such as “soil stabilization and geotechnical engineering” can help address challenging soil conditions (Naukkarinenet al. 2020). Drainage systems are also critical to maintaining a safe and productive environment for workers. This may involve the installation of underground “drainage pipes, sump pumps, and retention ponds” to manage storm water runoff and prevent flooding.

(c) Culverts and underpasses are constructed using various methods and techniques. The process begins with excavation and site preparation, followed by the installation of the culvert or underpass using precast concrete sections or steel components. The structure may also be lined with a protective layer to prevent erosion or damage. Provision for utilities such as pipes for water or gas may also be installed alongside the structure. Finally, the site is backfilled and landscaped, and drainage systems may be installed to manage water runoff.

(d) According to the case study, constructing an industrial park that belongs to such office blocks with deep basements. Thus for construction purposes used the deep basement so, large and complex earthmoving operations and deep excavations are often required for the construction of office blocks in industrial parks. These operations involve the use of heavy equipment such as “excavators, bulldozers, and dump trucks”, as well as specialized techniques to manage the volume of soil and rock being moved (Jiang et al. 2021). One commonly used technique in large earthmoving operations is benching, which involves creating a series of steps or terraces in the excavation site. This technique helps prevent slope failure and increases safety for workers and equipment. Deep excavations may require additional measures such as “shoring or bracing” to prevent the collapse of the excavation walls. This may involve the use of steel or timber supports or geotechnical solutions such as soil stabilization or ground reinforcement.

(e) Dealing with ground and slope stability issues in the area of an industrial park requires specialized methods and techniques to ensure the safety and stability of the surrounding area. Several options are available depending on the nature and severity of the instability. One common technique is slope stabilization, which may involve the installation of geosynthetic materials such as “geotextiles or geogrids” to reinforce the slope and prevent erosion. Other techniques include soil nailing, which involves drilling steel rods or anchors into the slope to stabilize the soil, or soil grouting, which involves injecting a stabilizing material into the soil to improve its strength and stability. In cases of severe instability, more extensive measures may be necessary, such as “excavation and reconstruction” of the slope or construction of retaining walls (García-Albertiet al. 2021). Also, drainage systems may need to be installed to manage water runoff and prevent erosion. Overall, an industrial park requires careful evaluation of the site and expert application of appropriate techniques. It is important to prioritize safety and stability to ensure the long-term success and sustainability of the surrounding area.

Task 2: Methods of safety plan risk assessment

(a) The construction work contains two types of work such as industrial parks and connecting highway or bridge. To execute the construction part, the site must be faced various kinds of risks which are identified and measured by the construction technology which is evaluated in this factor. Working in confined spaces, on tall structures, and within temporary works can present significant hazards and risks. Hazards may include falls from heights, structural collapse, exposure to hazardous materials or gases, and entrapment. To ensure safety, appropriate safety arrangements must be in place. Workers must be trained and equipped with appropriate “personal protective equipment (PPE)” and communication devices to ensure their safety (Ismail et al. 2019). Working on tall structures requires the use of appropriate fall protection measures such as “guardrails, safety harnesses, and anchor points”. Working within temporary works such as interconnecting highways and local infrastructure may require traffic management plans and safe access routes.

(b) According to the case study, the research going on the various kinds of industrial buildings and highway works. So, during the work construction site must maintain the safety plan risk assessment. All the safety process is continued and maintained depending on ion the specific methods which are established here. “The Risk Management Plan (RMP)” is a widely-used method for assessing and managing risks in industrial settings. In the context of an industrial park construction project, a comprehensive RMP should be developed and implemented to identify, assess, and manage risks associated with the project. The RMP should begin with a hazard identification process, which involves identifying all potential hazards associated with the project, including those related to site conditions, equipment, materials, and work activities. Once identified, the risks associated with each hazard should be assessed, considering the likelihood and severity of harm that could result from each risk. Based on the results of the risk assessment, appropriate risk management measures should be developed and implemented to control or eliminate identified hazards. These measures may include administrative controls such as “training and supervision”, engineering controls such as “barriers or ventilation systems”, or “personal protective equipment (PPE)” requirements (Alavi and Buttlar 2019). Regular monitoring and review of the RMP should be conducted to ensure that all identified hazards are being effectively managed and that new hazards are promptly identified and addressed. Emergency response procedures should also be established and communicated to all workers, including evacuation routes, designated assembly areas, and emergency contact information.[Referred to Appendix 1]

(c) In many countries, there are specific laws and regulations that apply to construction projects, including requirements related to “risk assessments, safety plans, and worker training and supervision”. “Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)” in the United States and the “Health and Safety Executive (HSE)” in the United Kingdom both enforce regulations related to construction safety. In addition to legislation, there are also various codes of practice that provide guidance and best practices for maintaining safe working conditions during civil engineering projects. These codes may be developed by industry associations or professional organizations, and may cover a range of topics, including “risk management, equipment safety, and emergency response procedures” (Palafox-Alcantaret al. 2020). Health and safety legislation and codes of practice are critical during the construction of industrial parks, as these projects can involve a range of hazards and risks, including heavy machinery, excavation, and hazardous materials. Failure to comply with these regulations can lead to serious accidents or injuries, as well as legal and financial consequences for contractors and project owners.

(d) Construction of an industrial park involves a range of activities, such as “excavation, heavy machinery operation, and building assembly”, which can pose significant risks if proper safety measures are not in place. A site safety plan helps to identify and assess these risks and outlines appropriate mitigation measures to ensure the safety of all individuals on the construction site (Dzier?anowskiet al. 2021). This plan should be reviewed and updated regularly to ensure that it remains relevant and effective as the construction project progresses. By implementing a comprehensive site safety plan, contractors and project owners can minimize the potential for accidents and injuries, protect their workers and visitors, and ensure that the project is completed on time and on budget.

Task 3: Civil engineering problem and solution

(a) Thus, the case study depends on the industrial park which constants various kinds of office floors, shops, and factories, and also builds a highway or bridge for connectivity. Through the construction work, among the “environmental, geotechnical, quality, and economic context” all are more valuable problems in the construction work (Chowdhury et al. 2019). But among them, the” geotechnical, quality, and economic context” must be faced during the construction work. So, the study also disclosed two things and the impact on the specific work.

(b) To ensure the success of the project, a proposal should be developed that outlines how these different contexts will be addressed.

From an environmental perspective, the proposal should address issues such as “site contamination, waste management, and resource conservation”. To minimize the project's environmental impact and to promote sustainability.

The geotechnical context of the project should also be considered, including “soil stability, groundwater levels, and seismic risks”. Any geotechnical risks and to ensure that the site is suitable for construction.

Quality control measures should also be included “testing and inspection procedures” to ensure that the project meets all relevant standards and regulations (Angelevskaet al. 2021).

Finally, the economic context of the project should be addressed, including “cost estimates, financing options, and potential economic benefits”. The proposal should outline a detailed budget and financing plan, as well as potential revenue streams and economic benefits associated with the industrial park.

By addressing these different contexts in a comprehensive proposal, project owners and contractors can ensure that the construction of the industrial park is successful, sustainable, and economically viable.

(c) The environmental, geotechnical, quality and economic contexts of a construction problem can be addressed through a comprehensive proposal that outlines measures to minimize environmental impact, mitigate geotechnical risks, ensure quality control, and promote economic viability.

(d) To solve the geotechnical, quality, and economic context problems in industrial park construction work, several measures can be implemented. Firstly, geotechnical risks can be mitigated through measures such as soil stabilization, site grading, and foundation design. Groundwater levels and seismic risks can be addressed through measures such as groundwater control systems and seismic-resistant building design (Ozsahinet al. 2021). Secondly, quality control measures can be implemented, including testing and inspection procedures to ensure that all materials and workmanship meet the required quality standards. Any defects or deficiencies can be addressed promptly to ensure that the project meets all relevant standards and regulations. Finally, economic viability can be ensured through a detailed budget and financing plan, as well as potential revenue streams and economic benefits associated with the industrial park. This includes cost control measures such as value engineering, risk management, and lean construction techniques. By implementing these measures, contractors and project owners can solve all of the problems. This ensures that the project is successful, safe, and economically viable, with minimal disruptions or delays.[Referred to Appendix 2]

Task 4: New infrastructure project

(a) Methods and techniques used in highway design include “traffic analysis, geometric design, pavement design, drainage design, and safety analysis”. Traffic analysis involves forecasting traffic demand and determining appropriate capacity levels. Geometric design involves determining roadway alignment, cross-section, and slope. Pavement design involves selecting appropriate materials and thicknesses for the roadway surface. Drainage design involves ensuring proper drainage and erosion control (Yan et al. 2019). Safety analysis involves identifying potential safety hazards and implementing measures to mitigate them.

For the new infrastructure access project which specifies the Residential Tower, a proposal can be developed by conducting a site analysis, identifying project goals and objectives, and determining the necessary infrastructure and design requirements. The proposal should include a detailed project timeline, budget, and financing plan, as well as potential environmental and community impacts. A comprehensive stakeholder engagement plan should also be included to ensure that all relevant parties are informed and engaged throughout the project.

(b) The design proposal of a new project the residential tower is corporate as the same construction company. Before starting the project the engineer submits the design proposal according to the work process. So, these factors follow as same things to give the proposal of a new project.

The proposed residential tower for seniors is intended to provide a comfortable and safe living environment for elderly individuals. The tower will be a multi-story building with “residential units, common areas, and amenities” to meet the unique needs of seniors.

Site Selection and Analysis: The site for the proposed tower should be selected based on several factors, including accessibility, safety, and proximity to healthcare facilities. To determine the site's suitability and identify any potential environmental or geotechnical risks.

Building Design: The tower’s design should incorporate features that are specific needs of seniors, including accessibility, safety, and comfort. The building should have wide corridors, handrails, and elevators to accommodate mobility devices, as well as amenities.

Structural Design: Structural design should ensure safety, durability, and longevity. The design should coply with all relevant building codes and regulations, and incorporate measures to mitigate seismic risks and other natural hazards.

Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing Design: It should be comprehensive and efficient, with an emphasis on energy conservation and environmental sustainability. The design should include features such as “energy-efficient lighting, heating, and cooling systems, as well as water-efficient plumbing fixtures”.

Cost Estimation and Project Timeline: Include all necessary expenses, including design, construction, and finishing. The timeline for the project should be realistic and considerate of the project's scope and complexity.

(c) The methods and techniques used to create bridge foundations and flexible highway construction foundations require a thorough understanding of the site's geotechnical parameters, such as “soil type, bearing capacity, and groundwater level”. Key criteria for bridge foundations include “stability, durability, and resistance” to lateral and vertical loads. Techniques used for bridge foundations include “pile driving, drilled shafts, and spread footings” (Nazarniaet al. 2020). For flexible highway construction foundations, key criteria include stability, load-bearing capacity, and resilience to deformation. Techniques used for flexible highway construction foundations include “soil stabilization, asphalt stabilization, and geosynthetics”. Accurate geotechnical parameters are necessary to design foundations that can withstand the forces and loads associated with the specific site conditions.

Conclusion

The summarization factors of the specific case study which established in the whole research. To define all of the methods, techniques, and procedure the research gains the result that each and every process of the construction work is very precious with their maintaining the safety process against the construction hazards. So, the industrial park and the bridge both are constructed depending on this specific method in south of England.

References

Journals

Alavi, A.H. and Buttlar, W.G., 2019. An overview of smartphone technology for citizen-centered, real-time and scalable civil infrastructure monitoring. Future Generation Computer Systems, 93, pp.651-672.

Angelevska, B., Atanasova, V. and Andreevski, I., 2021. Urban air quality guidance based on measures categorization in road transport. Civil Engineering Journal, 7(2), pp.253-267.

Chowdhury, H., Alam, F. and Mustary, I., 2019. Development of an innovative technique for teaching and learning of laboratory experiments for engineering courses. Energy Procedia, 160, pp.806-811.

Dzier?anowski, G. and Hetma?ski, K., 2021. Optimal design of archgrids: the second-order cone programming perspective. Archives of Civil Engineering, 67(4).

García-Alberti, M., Suárez, F., Chiyón, I. and MosqueraFeijoo, J.C., 2021. Challenges and experiences of online evaluation in courses of civil engineering during the lockdown learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 11(2), p.59.

Isa, C.M.M., Joseph, E.O., Saman, H.M., Jan, J., Tahir, W. and Mukri, M., 2019. Attainment of Program Outcomes under Psychomotor Domain for Civil Engineering Undergraduate Students. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 9(13), pp.107-122.

Ismail, A.A. and Hassan, R., 2019. Technical competencies in digital technology towards industrial revolution 4.0. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 11(3).

Jiang, F., Ma, L., Broyd, T. and Chen, K., 2021. Digital twin and its implementations in the civil engineering sector. Automation in Construction, 130, p.103838.

Naukkarinen, J.K. and Bairoh, S., 2020. STEM: A help or a hinderance in attracting more girls to engineering?. Journal of engineering education, 109(2), pp.177-193.

Nazarnia, H., Nazarnia, M., Sarmasti, H. and Wills, W.O., 2020. A systematic review of civil and environmental infrastructures for coastal adaptation to sea level rise. Civil engineering journal, 6(7), pp.1375-1399.

Okpala, I., Nnaji, C. and Karakhan, A.A., 2020. Utilizing emerging technologies for construction safety risk mitigation. Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, 25(2), p.04020002.

Ozsahin, D.U., Gökcekus, H., Uzun, B. and LaMoreaux, J.W. eds., 2021. Application of multi-criteria decision analysis in environmental and civil engineering (pp. 37-41). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Palafox-Alcantar, P.G., Hunt, D.V.L. and Rogers, C.D.F., 2020. The complementary use of game theory for the circular economy: A review of waste management decision-making methods in civil engineering. Waste Management, 102, pp.598-612.

Yan, H., Elzarka, H., Gao, C., Zhang, F. and Tang, W., 2019. Critical success criteria for programs in China: Construction companies’ perspectives. Journal of Management in Engineering, 35(1), p.04018048.

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