Impact Of The Global Pandemic On Accelerating Workplace Transformation Assignment Sample

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Introduction of Impact Of The Global Pandemic On Accelerating Workplace Transformation Assignment

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Background

During the Covid 19 pandemic situation, various types of changes were placed by giving the employee a suitable priority. In today's world, all types of organizational are altering their rules. The Tesco Company also decided to give an extra benefit to their employees by permitting them to work from home during the pandemic. Politics, business and society have been involved in the process of digital transformation for several years. In 2017, the European Commission discovered that discussions about the impact of digital transformation on the economy and society have become important in recent years. Digital transformation aims to help turn the challenges of the COVID 19 crisis into opportunities for the Tesco Company. To ensure a perfect and effective response to the COVID19 crisis, the United States Commission estimates that at least 1.5 trillion organizations like Tesco will need to invest in the green and digital transformation between 2020 and 2021. This makes digital transformation one of the key sectors of the global businesses’ future. Many elements of technological change are created in the workplace, leading to overall social acceleration. Companies expect digital transformation to increase productivity and efficiency, making them more competitive than other market players. This leads to digital work with the use of new technologies and the possibility of working away from the employer. This allows individuals to work in different locations with new specialized skills.

Theoretical Concept

Companies are encouraging employees to work in new ways and use technology to increase autonomy to achieve this goal. Digital transformation leads to work transformation that involves work reorganization and ultimately changes the way people work. In this context, it is essential to embrace new techniques in our daily lives (Yeganeh et al., 2021). Technology acceptance is one of the critical success factors for new technologies. Under normal circumstances, it can take a long time to accept and implement new behaviour with new technologies (Nagel et al.,2020). Many organizations needed to adapt ads to make technology a part of their day-to-day operations. However, with COVID19, this adjustment was implemented faster than in everyday situations. People who did not integrate technology into their day-to-day operations in new ways (for example, home office technology) may have been forced to adapt more quickly during the pandemic.

In many cases, companies respond to crises with short-term adjustments and organizational changes and use these strategies to respond as effectively as possible to environmental changes. This change in an organization often occurs when financial problems are central to survival (Kim et al., 2020). Therefore, businesses and workers strive to be more flexible in dealing with potential future shocks. In the current situation, this flexibility can extend to digital-style work. The Tesco company decided to develop effective rules for their employees. The company permitted the employee to continue their work from home.

Rationale

The study mainly reflected various types of challenges and the upcoming benefits of continuing the work from home facility. COVID 19 caused this adjustment. It is implemented faster than in normal situations during the pandemic (Phillips et al., 2020). Often, a company responds to crises and uses short-term adjustments and organizational change strategies to respond to environmental changes as effectively as possible. Organizational change and financial problems are central to survival, so companies and employees aim to be more flexible in dealing with possible future shocks. This flexibility can be extended to work in digital form in the current situation. The Tesco company decided to continue the work from home for efficiency and the benefits to their employees. During the covid 19 pandemic, working from home is one of the most demanding proposals. However, there must be challenges like communication, handling power to the customer and the various types of customer satisfaction. Tesco is a grocery company, so, during the covid 19 pandemic situation, the demand for these items increased. So, it is very much necessary to supply the food and grocery items according to the customer's demands, but due to the communication gap, sometimes the customers are not satisfied. So, this is one of the biggest problems (Kutnjak et al., 2021). Thus, this study shall help to understand how Tesco changed their working mode and satisfied the product demand during the pandemic.

Research Aim

The main aim of this research is "To analyze the impact of the global pandemic on accelerating workplace transformation"

Objectives

  1. To analyze the impact of the global pandemic in the workplace.
  2. To examine the various types of people's behaviour during COVID 19 pandemic.
  3. To analyze the importance of workplace transformation in the pandemic situation.

Research Question

  1. What is the impact of the global pandemic in the workplace?
  2. What are the various types of people's behaviour during covid 19?
  3. What is the importance of the transformation in the covid 19 pandemic situation?

Literature Review

According to (McCarthy et al., 2021), the increase in digital work shows that traditional forms of work are becoming less common. During the COVID 19 pandemic, people were able to perceive the digital works of this era as a safe source of income. According to (Kim et al., 2020), this can also affect the perception of the importance of digital work as a source of future income. Increasing telecommuting influences awareness of the importance of income apart from traditional work as a safe source of income.

 According to (Jones et al., 2021), the world is changing. The global COVID 19 pandemic has paralyzed businesses. The endangered economy and lives have ceased and the current crisis is reaching a scale never seen since Great Depression. According to (Nagel et al, 2020), World GDP is projected as follows -6% in single hit scenario. Forecast trends are consistent. It is a disadvantage for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, where a loss of -7.5% is expected in a single-hit scenario. According to (Stoller et al., 2021), if the second wave occurs, it will drop to -9.3% (OECD, 2020). At the same time, statistics are advancing a much more serious employment crisis than the 2008 financial crisis has been witnessed. The unemployment rate in May 2020 OECD countries fell slightly to 8.4th place It reached 8.5% in April 2020. According to (Bennett et al., 2021), this is the highest unemployment rate in 10 years. The economic recovery was initially thought to be V-shaped, but according to the latest reports, the unemployment rate will exceed pre-crisis levels by the end of 2021.

 According to (Ionescu et al., 2021), Digital transformation involves creating new business models and making significant changes to existing business models. Digital transformation does not necessarily mean that companies have to abandon their existing business models. According to (Ardolino et al.,2022), in contrast, digital transformation projects, which consist of new digital or digitally enhanced business models and typically complement existing traditional business models. According to (de Lucas Ancillo et al.,2021), in addition, the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on enterprises has opened up new opportunities for business models by combining digital and traditional business models. For example, before the pandemic, the course was either a traditional face-to-face course or an online course. But today, universities are introducing blended learning courses that combine both traditional classroom learning and e-learning. To meet the challenges of COVID 19, artists are also integrating online live performances with less crowded traditional performances as well as the organizations have changed their workplace and shifted it from “work from office” to “work from home” structure strengthening the communication approaches (Capano et al., 2022).

Methodology

Interpretivist methodologies shall be used in this study. This interpretive methodology helps in responsible for collecting secondary data from various articles, previous research papers, and resource journals. This process provides researchers with a large amount of relevant data on their research topics. This study carries out the entire study by a quantitative method using an inductive approach. In interpretive research philosophy, researchers acquire knowledge from practical evidence. Research design is responsible for helping researchers to choose between primary and secondary research processes and to produce research results. According to previous information, researchers used the secondary research design to research to analyze the impact of the global pandemic on accelerating workplace transformation (de Lucas Ancillo et al., 2021).

Data Collection Method

Data acquisition has emerged as an important process in measuring and collecting information about changing interests. This is an established systematic development that allows the researcher to answer research questions and evaluate the results. Data collection also allows researchers to store data and analyze important information, including potential and existing sources (Jones et al.,2021). In addition, the data acquisition process also improves the reliability of the data by gaining an effective understanding of the study. In this study, the data acquisition process is developed through the secondary and qualitative method, which searches various journals, books, and articles. In the secondary analysis, existing data also helps to find effective answers to research topics (McCarthy et al.,2021).

TASK 2- Report

Executive Summary

The global Covid19 pandemic situation makes a great impact and effects on various sectors but mostly affected in the working places and on the employees. This paper is based on the global pandemic situation of Covid19 and its impact on the workplaces. The advantages, disadvantages, and their analysis are briefly discussed in the research report.

Acknowledgement

I am deeply grateful to everyone who gave me the opportunity to complete this report. The

Leader of the final year project has helped me to Coordinate my project through inspiring suggestions and encouragement, especially when writing this report. Moreover, I would like to thank my parents, without them, I could not have pursued this course. Furthermore, my classmates have also helped with immense information, which has helped me complete this report.

Background

The global covid 19 pandemic was created due to the spreading of the coronavirus. It affects the health of humans all over the world. As well it makes a significant impact on workplaces. Around the world, people seek to save lives by slowing down due to the spread of the coronavirus. The global pandemic has changed the concept of work and workplaces (Byrne et al., 2021). Before the pandemic, employees of any organization are doing their work from their office workspace with flexibility and have a mental health focus. However, the pandemic situation changed the whole thing. At the beginning of the pandemic, many employees complained about the work from the home system because this work process affects their work-life and personal life balance. However, after a few times, the working space changes into the work from the home process and people understand its flexibility and advantage. There is also such a rapid downfall seen in the decrease of employment. Over 7.6 million jobs were at risk during the lockdown time in the United Kingdom, such as in the retail company Tesco.

Problem Statement

The covid 19 pandemic also created lockdown norms, resulting in the shutting down of businesses and offices. However, in such situation the demand of products (such as the products of Tesco) did not decline and that situation demanded the employees to work from their homes. Tesco is one of the retail market leaders of groceries in the United Kingdom. It was founded in the year of 1919 by Jack Cohen (Feyisa et al., 2020). The pandemic situation is like a challenge for them. Alan Stewart, the chief financial officer of Tesco PLC also said that their business system probably changed in a few months more than their last 10 years of business experience because of the rapid outbreak of coronavirus. This pressure fell out across all of their employees. But the employees had responded so quickly to maintain their customer preference first. At the peak situation of covid 19, pandemic Tesco PLC recruited almost 50,000 new employees as temporary staff to support its workplace, which was already in the initial stage (Siche et al., 2020). In the year 2020 August, they transferred their supermarket business chain to online procedure because they saw a huge sales increase and changes in online sales as a result of the coronavirus pandemic situation. Overall grocery sales are increasing very strongly as the employees are moving towards their work. Tesco PLC also offers placements and internship schemes to 1,000 young people in their offices and stores.

The covid 19 pandemic also disrupted the labour markets globally in 2020 (Bell et al., 2020). Millions of people lost their jobs, and other people rapidly adjusted their workplace to their home as all the office was closed. However, many essential workers, such as staff of the hospital sector, grocery are doing their work from their workplace under the new protocols. The pandemic situation pushed up the companies and their employees to adopt new behaviours in this situation, such as virtual meetings. Video conference during the pandemic is one of the tremendous new acceptances for companies. The retail industries are shifting to the digital way, and digital transactions have increased their sales growth which is beneficial for them (Ahuja et al., 2021).

Methodology

The study technique evolved as a scientific technique wherein the entire study is carried out appropriately. These records additionally produce a remarkable improvement of the studies' foundation (Mitra et al.,2022). It is greater correct to discover that the technique additionally offers extraordinary factors which enable bringing the preferred outcomes. It is likewise applicable to apply the right device for the studies wherein the improvement of technique additionally mitigates all of the headaches to broaden a powerful study.

Research philosophy

Research philosophy provides effective briefings to help collect and analyze data. It has been pointed out that the research philosophy also includes accurate accumulation and evaluation that appropriate information is useful for conducting research. This will help identify the appropriate data needed for the development of research studies. Three types of philosophies have evolved to help formulate the beliefs needed such as positivism, realism, and interpretations. The interpretations philosophy is developed for better study in the study (Priyono et al., 2020).

Justification

This research proposal assumes that the philosophy of interpretivism constrains the best data experience in the metaphysical cycle (Metwally et al.,2021). The main focus of interpretivism is the development of employees for the company's growth, intending to change different types of employees according to international skills. The philosophy helps interpret the surrounding environment and helps to observe the collected data. Likewise, the mentioned philosophy shall help to observe and understand the workplace transformation in Tesco accurately. This research proposal also focuses on the prediction and explanation of scientific research using the interpretivism paradigm.

Research Approach

The research approach can help to develop the best survey of accurate information. This information also can lead to the effective development of research to complete the research project. Researchers also use various types of research approaches, but two types of research approaches are involved: the deductive approach and the inductive approach. It was noted that the inductive approach also evolved with the advent of new theories that succeeded in analyzing the theory. The deductive approach is also known as a test of existing theory. In addition, the deductive approach is also based on quantitative data, and the inductive approach is also based on qualitative data. In this study, an inductive approach was chosen to analyze different factors of the impact of the global pandemic on accelerating workplace transformation(Bennett et al.,2021).

Justification

The research approach, developed as a plan for developing procedures, consists of various assumptions that evolve into detailed methods of data acquisition, interpretation, and analysis. In addition, the research approach is a procedure that has been effectively developed through a deductive and inductive approach(Su et al.,2022). The deductive approach also consists of building hypotheses based on existing theories and designing the best research strategies. The inductive research approach, on the other hand, involves empirical observations to theorize patterns (Baylis et al., 2020). Likewise, this study is based on an inductive approach and that shall help to reflect a general theory regarding workplace transformation, and the research questions can be answered.

Research Strategy

Developing a suitable research strategy is a step-by-step approach that requires coming up with different types of action plans to identify the highest quality data. Research strategies can also systematically engage in research to identify the highest quality results. Researchers can use their research strategies to help them choose the proper data acquisition method. It has been developed using an essential part of the strategic implementation of the study (Ionescu et al., 2021). One of the best plans is to develop quality research. This research strategy can guide the researchers in conducting, planning, and monitoring the entire study. This research method includes the strategy of case study analysis and performing a systematic literature review.

Justification

In this research strategy, the primary purpose of qualitative methods is to understand different types of beliefs, personal experiences, attitudes and behaviours, and the quality and methods of interaction. Generating non-numeric data is also very important. Integrating case study analysis and systematic literature reviews is the type of research strategy that is gaining increasing attention from an interdisciplinary perspective (Amankwah-Amoah et al., 2021). In addition, the researchers pooled and collected existing data to increase the effectiveness of the study (Soto-Acosta et al.,2020).

Research Design

Research design evolves as an overall strategy used in various studies to select the best integration of studies logically. Researchers have developed various practical solutions for investigating problems that measure, collect, and analyze all data. The research design is also essential to enable researchers to make better decisions at every research stage. Research design is an effective informal study that also develops efficiency to maximize internal validity (Ardolino et al.,2022). The study design also analyses primary forms of research perspective developed through quantitative and qualitative- descriptive research. In this research, qualitative research design aims to develop a critical understanding of descriptive data.

 Justification

In each research project, researchers need to systematically consider descriptive study designs to obtain different types of information. More specifically, descriptive study design involves identifying specific data to obtain different types of conditions. Likewise, such a design shall help to understand workplace transformation accurately. The descriptive study design involves identifying the qualitative data for this study proposal (Gabryelczyk et al.,2020).

Data Collection Method

Data collection methods have been developed primarily to collect different types of information and increase sources' diversity. Therefore, a qualitative data collection method is essential for this particular study. Data for this report has been collected from secondary sources, that is, journals, articles, books, industries, Google Scholar, and more (Stoller et al.,2021).

Data Analysis

Secondary data collection allows researchers to understand various types of institutional factors and the environment, and thus, it shall help understand workplace transformation. Likewise, this report shall use thematic analysis to analyze the data.

Ethical Consideration

Researchers need to support the ethical values of different types of research. Likewise, for this report, the data collected is maintained at different stages for reliability. All types of secondary data are presented with appropriate reference and attribution to acknowledge the author and their efforts. Activities of plagiarism have been avoided.

Research Gap

Researchers face different types of constraints in the research process. This collection process relies on different types of secondary data that need to be collected from different research papers previously published in different articles. Therefore, the research process must have been the best if the quality of the research had been improved with the primary data.

Main Body- Literature Review

Impact of the global pandemic in workplace

The number of people are working from home has increased radically during the coronavirus pandemic situation. The demand of online remote working process from home significantly increased in the year 2020 and creates a visible change in workplace in the country United Kingdom. According to Spukra et al., (2020), the covid 19 pandemic situation creates a flexibility in workplaces, individual careers growth and employment relationship within all over the world. They also observed that how the pandemic contribute in the flexible employment relationship. Davison et al., (2020) also said that the pandemic lockdown situation has required most of the office workers to fully concentrate in online remote working and digital work tools such as virtual conferencing tools and collaboration platforms etc and enable them to perform their 100% in the various innovative ways. The lockdown situation also helps to reduce the cost of travelling in office workplace, decrease the pollution. All over it helps to make a positive impact on global warming and change the climates.

Showing the increased number of “work from home” structure

Source: (Davidson et al., 2020)

According to Richter et al., (2020), the lockdown has allowed many employees to connect and meet with lots of people in new ways and work with them with more flexibility. It established the new forms of workplace and independent working styles. Along all the impacts this is the great impact of covid 19 pandemic which affects greatly to change the workplace. Ibar et al., (2021), said that this remote working process also help to manage in-office finance such as reduce the cost of office workplace, office supplies, utility bills and other facilities. But according to Guggenberger et al., (2021) working from home might not suit to every employee because some employees prefer the daily routine and structure that working in an office environment provides. Some staff also prefer face-to-face interaction and guidance with their managers for their personal development and benefits. Individuals working from home may create a disconnection between employees and the organization. To solve this issue ensure the communication is more regular. The article mentioned that in the retail industry Tesco PLC, introduced more ways to enable their supply chains. Because they are in the retail and food supply industry, food is essential. Since the initiation of the pandemic situation, they have focused on ensuring that everyone can get their food in a safe environment. Ting et al., (2021) said that they hired a lot of temporary employees when the demand of the food was highest to run their business in the crucial time of the Pandemic situation to make their workplace more sustainable. They also changed their stores' opening hours and applied the online food delivery process, increasing their sales growth most during the pandemic. They initiated a "work from home" structure to continue the supply of goods.

Changes in people's behaviour

During the time of covid 19 pandemic situations, different countries used a development strategy to examine human behavioural changes. They adopt the strategy to identify the risk perception that affects people's lifestyle, habits, and feelings. Wise et al. (2020) demonstrated a sudden increase in the risk perception during the initial stage of covid 19 pandemic because of the public health messages. The author also emphasized the importance of clear risk communication to develop accurate risk perceptions to protect human behaviours. According to Loewenstein et al. (2020) and Slovic et al. (2020), risky situations are interconnected with emotional reactions, which play a vital role in risk perception. Emotions are the powerful motivator of behaviour which plays its character during the time of covid 19 while practising social distancing, hand washing etc.

During the covid 19 pandemic, the maximum number of people spent their time at their residences because of the lockdown system. Each person, on average, came into close contact with 17.6% and 7.1% of people per day during the regular days and pandemic period. The close contact rates in residence, workplace, restaurant, shopping centres decreased by 40.3%. Moreover Humans behaviour was greatly influenced due to the covid 19 pandemic situation in the country United Kingdom.

According to Chiu et al., (2020), the quarantine situation can create a sustainable strain and create mental health problems in the population. Also, the unemployment situation of lockdown is essential to control due to the spreading of coronavirus worldwide, which is also a reason to create mental health diseases. Brooks et al. (2020) said that some issues indicate effects on human behaviour such as stress, depression, anxiety, confusion, and anger because of this quarantine situation. Moreover, it reflects that this Quarantine and pandemic situation may impact the psychological issues and create long-lasting effects. The quarantine outbreak shows the results in aspects that may impact directly or indirectly in the behaviour and mental health of humans, such as loss of income source during pandemic, disturbances in family relationships etc.

Showing the impact of a pandemic on mental health

Source: (Chiu et al., 2020)

Evans et al. (2021) said that fear of infection, boredom, lack of connections with other people, and economic source of family can also affect the young people which is eventually more. The lack of personal space at home and the conditions of the house can also make a huge impact on children and their parents too. Housing conditions, such as small apartments with limited views and indoor qualities are related to the decrease of mental health conditions. Moreover, the fears of covid 19 pandemic majorly affected the emotional value with an anxiety disorder. For the majority of people this uncertain situation is the hardest thing to handle.

Importance of workplace transformation

The whole world’s workplace witnessed a huge shift to working from home system as the covid 19 pandemic situation spreading rapidly. There are several advantages within the work from home process during this pandemic situation. One of the great benefits of this process is that, it allows all of the employees to work independently and with more flexibility. From the planning of activities to deciding the preferable working hours in the entire field, they have freedom to make things easier for them. Greiner et al., (2020) said that, it also creates social distancing, which helps to reduce the effects of the coronavirus during the pandemic situation. This work from home process also minimizes the finance and savings that are needed to create an office workplace. This is not only plays as a mood booster but also helps in the cost-efficiency. From this employees can make their savings for other important aspects of their life.

According to Patel et al., (2019), work from home also sharpens the communication skills of the employees. Because the information of updating using the different tools and channels which create better communication skills. The work from home process bringing all the people across the globe from diverse backgrounds, which creates networking opportunities, collaboration and others. Working remotely had become the commonplace during the covid 19 pandemic situation. Moving to the work from home process is reduced the impact of potential pandemic.

Since the covid 19 outbreak, working from home has become the new normal for many workers. This process is considered as an important action to reduce the effectiveness of the coronavirus and thereby decrease the rate of infection. According to Burdorf et al., (2020) this work from home process has a lot of importance during the pandemic situation. In addition, the companies see the benefits of work from home, which is directly connected with their employees. Work from home is strongly recommended during the covid 19 outbreak. It is often adopted by employees as a strategy to adapt the work life and private life balance. It also helps to keep the productivity of the employees to maintain their personal work.

According to Dass et al., (2021), employees also feel motivated as they get a good work and personal life balance. But sometimes it creates lots of disadvantages. In this process there is also a major problem to focus and monitoring the work. It needs a huge amount of high cost technological tools, but some low budget companies can't afford it, so it creates a great disadvantage for them. There is always a security problem occurred such as data transfer which can't be monitored easily. Moreover, all jobs are not suitable for work from home concept and sometimes create problematic situation that is really unmanageable.

Data Analysis

The workplace of the entire world has been majorly affected by the global pandemic coronavirus. In addition to the threats of human's life, the economic and social disruption is also influenced by the global pandemic situation. Around 7.6 million jobs and 24% of the workforce of the United Kingdom were at high risk because of this covid pandemic lockdown situation (Dass et al., 2021). Humans and places with the lowest incomes are majorly more vulnerable to job loss in this covid pandemic situation. Nearly 50% of all the jobs at the high risk are in occupations which are earning less than 10 pounds per hour (Mellish et al., 2020). The Covid19 pandemic situation represents the largest economic crisis in this generation. The economic downturn has had profound effects on 90% of the workplace in the country United Kingdom.

Physical workplaces change as the movement during the covid 19 crisis. This situation increases remote work in major companies, which means the employees adapting the work from home. The pandemic situation majorly prefers to maintain this physical and social distance to decrease the infection of coronavirus. For the employees in retail and restaurants, there is an additional level of safety between customers and workers such as in the retail company Tesco PLC. They also maintain their physical distances with their customers in Tesco stores. Moreover they also provide online and digital services to avoid physical connection. These dividers may become commonplace in some of the situations. As the optimization of workplaces for remote work, the workplaces thrived during the global covid 19 pandemic situation and the workplaces adopted innovation such as paperless tools, virtual video conferencing platforms and the other new workflow processes.

The covid 19 pandemic showed the heroic efforts of many workers such as doctors, nurses, grocery workers and the other workers of the health industry. They make a huge contribution at their workplaces. Recognizing this contribution the employers still have the opportunity to build workplace cultures of appreciation and gratitude. But many employees are eager to return to the social aspects rather than working in the remote process. Moreover, the emergence of global covid 19 pandemic situations is dealing with severe blows with workers and workplaces. These unpredictable challenges are having the economic crisis across the country United Kingdom. Although the brief impact of global covid 19 pandemic situation on the work and workplaces is still unknown. It is really impossible to find how many effects the covid 19 virus and the global pandemic situation has on employees and their work-life and work places (Chen et al., 2022). The covid 19 virus also impacts on the employment rate of the country United Kingdom. The government of the United Kingdom launched an emergency programme to maintain the employment rate and income.

Conclusion

Digital transformation is impacting all industries, but the impact depends on the business activity and there are significant differences between manufacturing, trade and service companies. Manufacturers are primarily interested in cost control per product, production duration, and a breakdown of total production, logistics, and control costs. The biggest challenges to staying competitive are flexible manufacturing, high-quality production, procurement cost optimization and inventory management. Commercial companies are interested in monitoring the purchase price of products and the cost of logistics and after-service. Therefore, these types of businesses are challenged by product purchases, customer service optimization during and after the purchase process, and rapid delivery of goods. Unlike service companies such as engineering, construction and consulting companies, the cost of project development and commercialization is prioritized to determine the margin for each project and customer, but the main challenge is project management, that is, project and team. It is in sizing and observing the project deadline. Despite the nature of the business, what all companies have in common is the need to innovate products and services, business processes, and business models.

The outbreak of COVID19 impacts the business not only from the demand side but also from the supply side as the pandemic exacerbates panic buying, causing an unprecedented surge in demand for a particular product and causing serious supply chain problems. Under these circumstances, digital transformation and innovation in the supply chain are fundamental to avoiding long-term stock outs. The rise and advancement of digital technology are to eliminate, or at least reduce, business silos at best while enabling real-time collaboration, working from home and knowledge sharing between internal and external innovation teams. Digitalization offers companies many opportunities to create value by transforming their internal operations and integrating with suppliers, customers and business partners for real-time information sharing and collaboration.

Recommendation

The research proposal is based on some philosophy and strategy that explains the efforts and exploration about changes in workplaces during the time of covid 19 pandemic comparing between before and after covid pandemic situation (Moore et al., 20). The strategy which is used to compare these two situations is perfect for the research. It gives a brief analysis to understand the research proposal. The methodology in this research is to draw on existing knowledge to make the research paper more sustainable. Moreover the strategy and the philosophy are perfectly fit to analyze the research proposal. However, it is recommended that organizations like Tesco shall offer “work from home” system after the pandemic also due to its benefits. It shall help the employees to save their time and travel cost. It shall also be a flexible Working option. However, the organizations shall give appropriate training to the employees to continue distant working effectively.

Reflection

The study has been based on secondary method and has gathered various data from already published articles. The method has given the wide range of information and has also helped to understand the views of different authors regarding the workplace transformation. Thus, an in-depth understanding of the impact of a pandemic on accelerating workplace transformation in Tesco has been understood.

However, gathering primary data and interviewing the employees of Tesco, those who have faced the work place transformation and is working from home rather than working from office, could have reflected more accurate understanding of the workplace transformation

The covid 19 pandemic situation affects the workplace majorly and decreases the development of businesses. Growth is the main purpose of every business. After the post-pandemic situation digital transformation is the one and only way to improve the growth and success of work and workplaces. The technology helps to expedite the various working processes and manage remote workers who are doing their job from their destination. For that reason technology development helps the workers digitally. Digital technology and digital strategy make a sustainable business method for the development and success. Just because the covid 19 pandemic situations creates a lot of disadvantages for employees and their workplaces, only the technologies can improve the workplaces after the post covid situation because technology has made data analysis and storage easier. Moreover, the companies are taking their benefits to develop the digital strategy in the near future because technical strategies achieve many positive things and create awareness for their products and services, which is one of the great, effective and efficient ways to develop and grow in businesses. The companies who are adapting this remote working process also need to develop technological things to develop their business because the digital transformation creates a competitive advantage for their business management. Implementing the digital business strategies also accelerate the product development, creating and discovering new channels, increasing the market share etc.

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