Sustainable City Economies Assignment Sample

Enhancing Sustainability in London: Addressing Air Pollution & Housing Management

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Sustainable City Economies Assignment

London is one of the most prominent and famous cities in the world. It is the most common city on earth in terms of population. London has the most significant number of foreign people living there. Thus, the air pollution problem and management are critical to consider. Thus, London is the focus of this paper. The case is focused on London, one of the world's most rapidly developing cities. The study of sustainability and the city’s problems is critical to improving urban quality. Therefore, the development of a sustainable city is fundamental. This study focuses on the issues related to sustainability and London. Thus, a sustainable city needs to improve its condition and quality. Urban sustainability is crucial as it is the centre for people and their populations it is essential to consider the city’s rate.

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Section 1: Introduction to the city & understanding of two sustainability issues & their causes

Sustainable development is the process of living sustainably. It helps the generation live a comfortable life without damaging the environment. This concept includes managing and conserving the environment and nature, social and economic aspects of society, and culture. One of the cities is London, the capital of England in the United Kingdom. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. Two issues are found in the Arcadis Sustainable City Index 2022: air quality and housing management. It is essential to look at the problems in a sustainable city. This study will look at the point of housing in a sustainable town and compare air quality issues and their management in London (Martin et al. 2019).

The causes and effects of these issues

Looking at the problem in this sustainable city is essential because air quality is one of the most significant problems. Sustainable housing aims to support people's social, economic, and environmental sustainability. The study compares the housing quality and its management in London. It is found that London is not sustainable due to the issue of housing. This study seeks to improve the condition of housing by reviewing the management of quality and providing good quality housing and its cost. This study aims to help manage and conserve London as a sustainable city by addressing the problems found in the problem-solving approach. This study will analyse London's housing management and air quality (Sodiq et al. 2019). It is essential to recognize the cause of air pollution in the sustainability of cities because it affects people and the environment.

Section 2: Identification & analysis of the solutions to the sustainability issues

The two potential sustainability issues that have been identified in the case are namely the excessive amount of air pollution and the amplification of affordable renting measures that will be compatible with the security measures of the house. One of these issues is purely environmental while the other one is both economic and social in nature. This section will focus on the identification and analysis of the solutions to the arisen issues or problems in London.

Air Pollution

Identification of solutions

Air pollution is one of the most common issues across the world. The growing CO2 emissions along with the purchasing power of the people is leading to the purchase of more cars which is a huge contributor to the aspect of air pollution. Many other factors lead to its occurrence. Unfortunately, the consequences of such a phenomenon are drastic. This leads to the development of pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases such as asthma and so on. Following are some potential modes of air pollution control and their analysis

  • Reduction of car usage or switching to electric cars
  • Eradication of inflammation of landfills
  • Proper maintenance of cars (Turner et al., 2020)

Justification of suitability of solutions

  • In the present times, the reduction in the usage of cars is not only an overly ambitious thought but is also not practical. Long journeys cannot be undertaken by bicycles. However, the shift from cars to public transport will help in the reduction of pollution. Furthermore, no-emission cars or electric cars are another potential methods of eradicating CO2 emissions. It is easy and sustainable.
  • A lot of factories and even individuals tend to burn their wastes or landfills to eradicate them, this creates a lot of smoke in the form of pollution. A more able and efficient form of disposal or a mode through which the production of waste can be limited with be a prudent technique of control (Tainio et al., 2021).
  • Unmaintained cars tend to generate a greater number of pollutants, furthermore, small actions like turning off the engine at stop signals can lead to the saving of a lot of fuel and controlling pollution.

Cities that have undertaken these measures

  • Paris, France: the pandemic illuminated the potential of a pollution-free city in Paris. Ever since the city has aimed towards making itself a walkable city through the increase in the building of subway connectors. The reduction in the number of cars being driven on the roads is vividly seen.
  • Seoul, Republic of Korea: Korea's state-of-the-art technology of 5G-enabled autonomous robots that locate the mode of air pollution has revolutionized the way pollution is handled. Through this, the city aims to identify the potential polluting factors and eradicate them from the core(Glencross et al., 2020).

Potential Trade-offs

  • The lesser number of cars on the road will ensure lesser pollution, this can be a potential hassle to traveling which can be traded off through the aggressive use of public transport. Lesser usage of cars will also require lesser maintenance of the same.
  • Bio-degradable waste can easily be turned into compost pits so that it does not pollute the land or air. Although incineration is used as a popular mode of disposing of non-biodegradable waste, it should be done with creating caution.


  • The reduction of CO2 in the atmosphere
  • The considerable decrease in the humidity level
  • Decrease in temperature as well as air pressure.

Affordable Renting Measures

London is the 8th most expensive city in the world to reside in, this is mostly because the renting system of the city is exorbitantly high. According to statistics, the average resident of London spends about 57 percent of their income on rent. This leads to issues such as the establishment of temporary houses or slum-like areas by people who cannot afford rent. Another drastic effect of this was illuminated during the European Floods of 2021 where more than 70,000 such temporary establishments were washed away and more than a million people were dislocated and rendered homeless in the situation. Following are some potential modes of rent control that can be established that will help the city to become a better-priced place to reside in and will benefit the residents:

  • Establishment of a rent control board
  • Lawful reduction in brokerage prices (Hankinson, M., 2018).

Justification of suitability of solutions

  • Although the parliamentary monarchy of London does have a rent control board, it does not function appropriately and hence the rents are so exorbitantly high. A revision of the principles of the rent control board and the evaluation of the rules and elements of the same will help in the controlling process of the situation.
  • A vibrant reason for the high renting system of the city is the enormously high brokerage charges. It is claimed that in many cases the brokerage charges are almost twice the actual rent of the place. The regulation of the brokerage prices and the fixing of the same in a certain percentage will allow a more regulated renting system(.Auty, R.M. and Furlonge, H.I., 2019)

Cities that have undertaken these measures

  • Cambodia: Cambodia is presently considered to be one of the cheapest places to stay in the world. This is attributed to its very efficient rent control system, where each house needs to be registered for rent and a price is settled for it. Exceeding this amount is a punishable offense.
  • Bolivia: Another portion of the world that has efficient rent control is Bolivia. Bolivia being a smaller city has eradicated the middlemen. This means that the rent of houses is received directly by the government and the person giving out the rent. There is no brokerage involved in the system and hence the prices of rent are immensely low in this city.


  • The increase in the amount of resident retees according to the population and social security listing in London.
  • The gradual elimination of slum-like areas as the people will no longer require to establish temporary settlements (Liu et al., 2018).
  • Lesser causalities during natural calamities such as floods, snowstorms, cyclones, and hurricanes.

Section 3: Reflective report

One of the primary reasons the Silicon tech city being so successful in its ventures is because it has a flat white economy. This term was taken from the popular coffee drink and later transformed to address the aspect of the digital economy that is transforming London along with many other cities. The flat white economy is mostly a hipster tradition and hence their approach toward conventional business is a bit different than the normal approach. These economies tend to be more self-sufficient as they rely mostly on entrepreneurship. These economies are also much more peaceful, organic, and coordinated as they focus mostly on co-working and mutually beneficial symbiotic relationships. The Hippie culture solemnly believes in keeping the traditional aspects of the economy, this means that they are staunchly against doing away with the traditions but they also aspire to incorporate modern digital technology within them. This is done through innovation. The hippie tradition has allowed the area to keep up with the latest technologies and modernism but not at the expense of nature. These economies are much greener in comparison to others. Furthermore, as a traditional value, these economies or areas still believe in graphiti or wall art as one of their primary modes of communication or advertisement of a new corporation or venture.

The creation of a sustainable environment in any situation is the responsibility of every citizen under the sun. Hence, the creation of a sustainable environment was my responsibility as well. It will be unfair to say that my efforts were mine alone as I received a lot of support from my friends and team mates. From my side, I maintained that the car I was driving within the city was checked every once in a while, so that it let out the least number of harmful pollutants. I made sure that I turned off the engine at every stop light so that I could not only stop unnecessary pollutants from entering the atmosphere but also save fuel which is a non-renewable form of energy.

Apart from that I regularly take part in campaigns that require volunteers to support the cause of the movement against air pollution and environmental degradation. This might not be lot to do, however I feel that raising an awareness regarding the causalities that can be caused by this factor can lead to efficient results of wholesome development.


A sustainable city is a town where the citizens feel safe. Therefore, the quality of air pollution and its management is essential because it is a critical factor in making the city more sustainable. The study of housing in sustainable London shows that housing in London needs to improve. This is because housing has negative implications for the people and the environment. The study in the sustainable city shows that accommodation in London needs to improve in terms of maintaining its atmosphere and quality. There are negative implications of housing when it is not managed in a way that preserves its quality and does not affect the people. The study recommends that housing be managed in such a way that helps maintain its quality. It needs to be improved in a way that can help in saving the environment and the people. It can also conserve the environment and make it a better living place. The city will be more sustainable by improving its air quality by addressing air pollution and its management. The London Sustainable City Index study aims to improve the city's living conditions by improving its housing quality. This can be done by improving air pollution management and the condition of the housing. There is a need for housing improvements because it affects the citizens and affects the environment. There is a problem with housing as it affects the citizens and the environment. The city is not sustainable because of its issues with the environment. Therefore, there is a need for improvement in housing management.


Auty, R.M. and Furlonge, H.I., 2019. The rent curse: Natural resources, policy choice, and economic development. Oxford University Press, USA.

Glencross, D.A., Ho, T.R., Camina, N., Hawrylowicz, C.M. and Pfeffer, P.E., 2020. Air pollution and its effects on the immune system. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 151, pp.56-68.

Hankinson, M., 2018. When do renters behave like homeowners? High rent, price anxiety, and NIMBYism. American Political Science Review, 112(3), pp.473-493.

Liu, C.H., Rosenthal, S.S. and Strange, W.C., 2018. The vertical city: Rent gradients, spatial structure, and agglomeration economies. Journal of Urban Economics, 106, pp.101-122.

Martin, C., Evans, J., Karvonen, A., Paskaleva, K., Yang, D. and Linjordet, T., 2019. Smart-sustainability: A new urban fix?. Sustainable cities and society, 45, pp.640-648.

Singhal, S. and Jain, S., 2020. Smart sustainable cities. Environmental policy in India, pp.174-200.

Sodiq, A., Baloch, A.A., Khan, S.A., Sezer, N., Mahmoud, S., Jama, M. and Abdelaal, A., 2019. Towards modern sustainable cities: Review of sustainability principles and trends. Journal of Cleaner Production, 227, pp.972-1001.

Tainio, M., Andersen, Z.J., Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J., Hu, L., De Nazelle, A., An, R., Garcia, L.M., Goenka, S., Zapata-Diomedi, B., Bull, F. and de Sá, T.H., 2021. Air pollution, physical activity and health: A mapping review of the evidence. Environment international, 147, p.105954.

Turner, M.C., Andersen, Z.J., Baccarelli, A., Diver, W.R., Gapstur, S.M., Pope III, C.A., Prada, D., Samet, J., Thurston, G. and Cohen, A., 2020. Outdoor air pollution and cancer: An overview of the current evidence and public health recommendations. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 70(6), pp.460-479.

Yadav, G., Mangla, S.K., Luthra, S. and Rai, D.P., 2019. Developing a sustainable smart city framework for developing economies: An Indian context. Sustainable Cities and Society, 47, p.101462.


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