4CNMN001W Individual Report RIBA Plan of Work Assignment
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The report is set in a situation where a private client is in need of advice for buying land and developing it for their personal residence. In this context, delivery of this development plan is in accordance with RIBA plan of work, which is essential for construction projects in United Kingdom. Hence, this report aims to delve deep into eight stages of RIBA framework for the mentioned building project, which is intended to organise processes of briefing, designing, constructing, and operating. Use of this particular plan of work can be effective in reinforcing delivery of this project plan. In addition, this particular report serves an objective to deliver a project plan by breaking down stages of RIBA plan of work, and thus, feasibility of this building project can be determined for this client.
2. Discussion of RIBA plan of work
RIBA plan of work 2020
(Source: Architecture.com, 2021)
2.1 Stage 0: Strategic definition
This project is intended to plan for building construction for a private client, and hence, this is the first stage, which confirms clients’ requirements. According to Sinclair (2019), assembling a project team by aligning client’s needs can be done in this first stage. Moreover, probable project risks, as well as budget, need to be confirmed in this first task. In addition, thus, best options for delivery of this project plan can be determined after undertaking site appraisals. In this regard, choice of land needs to be initiated with required permissions to assemble a project team to begin construction of this building project for this private client.
2.2 Stage 1: Preparation and briefing
In this particular stage, a briefing is to be prepared, which must incorporate quality aspirations, project outcomes, sustainability outcomes. Hence, information on these will ensure feasibility of this project, and thus, determine success of project execution. Fletcher and Satchwell (2019) opined that this stage is the starting point of design work, and hence, is concerned with content and formulation site information. Besides, budget is to be agreed upon between contractor and client at this stage, and thus, additional strategic advice and design thinking can be facilitated before commencing actual design in this building project. Accumulation of these information within the project brief is further to be approved by mentioned client to proceed with the project. Hence, in this stage of RIBA plan, the entire project program is to be fostered to initiate design in the next stage.
2.3 Stage 2: Concept design
In this task considering RIBA plan of work for constructing this building project, architectural design is to be facilitated. This design concept is intended to achieve a balance of creativity with design, which is aligned with project briefing (Bailey, 2019). It includes strategic engineering requirements, which need to be in line with project strategies, cost plans, and other key essentials. Inputs from consultants, engineering, and design team are to be included in architectural concept.
Design reviews are to be undertaken in this stage to get approval from both client and involved stakeholders to ensure feasibility of this project with regard to outcomes. A vital consideration of this task can be determining project strategies and tasks that will contribute to establishing this architectural concept of project, and thus, tasks delegations can be fortified (Architecture.com, 2021). Moreover, architectural design of this building is to comply with building regulations, which is required to be considered in this stage. In addition, pre-construction information, such as fire safety, health and safety, and others are to be maintained with relevant design development in architectural concept.
2.4 Stage 3: Spatial coordination
Stage 3 of RIBA framework intends to record outcomes of design process, which is reviewed by the client. Since delivery of construction projects involves a wide range of stakeholders, such as specialist consultants, strategic engineers, design teams, clients, and others, having conflicts is probable throughout project management. According to Ojo and Pye (2020), spatial coordination incorporates preparation of design with completed proposals for project strategies, cost plans, building services, and structural designs. For instance, in this stage, design team must think about how this building project will meet regulatory requirements in UK.
Furthermore, construction projects are associated with several risks and uncertainties, which are driven by high variances and interests of involved participants. Here, RIBA plan of work tool can be used for extensive coordination and collaboration to alleviate possibility of conflicts, which can result to project failure (Withanage and De Silva, 2020).
2.5 Stage 4: Technical design
Stage 4 is perhaps the most critical stage within this mentioned framework, which completes every information for actual construction and manufacturing to start. For example, in case of non-standard windows or staircases for this client’s building project, design is to be finalised in this specific stage. Further emphasis illustrates that technical design for safety measures is also to be completed within this stage, and thus, project form F10 can be submitted to HSE on behalf of a client to ensure compliance with building safety regulations (Ndekugriet al. 2021). Preparing and coordinating with design team can also be initiated with inputs from specialist subcontractors to ensure building systems information.
2.6 Stage 5: Manufacturing and construction
This stage comes after the completion of technical design required for constructing buildings. In this stage 5 actual manufacturing process of building starts which includes manufacturing building systems and assembling any building components that have been made off-site. There are several construction regulations in UK which include sensible planning for mitigating risk in construction procedures, coordinating and cooperating work with others, communication of every information among team members, and many more (Hse.gov.uk, 2022). This stage is completed by building contractors, manufacturing suppliers, and subordinators of contractors. It is important to finalise site logistics, progress required against construction programme, an inspection of construction quality, resolving site queries as per requirement, and preparing building manual before handover.
AlizadehSalehi and Yitmen (2018) mentioned that construction progress can be monitored by observing construction work, assessing adequate materials, verifying quality control measures, and implementing adequate labour on site. Besides that, to avoid disruption in manufacturing and construction it is required to evaluate whether sufficient funds remain or not. It has been found that majority of contract applications are stuck at this stage due to lack of funds and poor management of the contractors while spending funds over different works. Quality control is a significant part of building construction which ensures that the quality of the products or services meets specific demands (Designingbuildings.co.uk, 2021). Several quality standards are used in UK for building construction which include ISO 9000, ISO 9001, ISO 9004, and ISO 19011. Hence, at the time of construction progression, the client needs to be aware of all these standards for managing quality in building.
2.7 Stage 6:Handover
As per the stages of RIBA, stage 6 and stage 7 starts at the same time as soon as the construction of building is completed. In the context of larger projects, these stages can also be overlapped with stage 5 as in this situation several structures need to be built which completes at different times. In this stage, building contractors hand over all the documents associated with health or manual documents, safety files to the building owner (Urbanistarchitecture.co.uk, 2020). However, for the team associated with designing and building several practical tasks such as rectifying defects, discharging planning conditions might still be present. In this stage, the overall growth of project is measured along with measuring lessons learned throughout the procedures. This review is significant for avoiding similar issues in larger projects in future.
2.8 Stage 7: Use
It is the last stage of RIBA where building is used by the owner and maintained efficiently. The client will be suggested to focus on taking special care of the building and recognise whether the building is working as considered or not. According to Chen et al. (2019) working with RIBA plan is highly focused on sustainability and both the architects and clients are encouraged to rethink the process from stage 0 and evaluate how the materials can be recycled, reused after the end of current life of the project. Several outcomes such as sustainability outcomes, project outcomes are measured in this last stage of RIBA.
From this above study, it can be concluded that going through this RIBA plan of work will be strategic as well as feasible to support this client with a delivery plan for his aspired building project for housing. A detailed illustration is evaluated concerning every step of this particular framework, which shows how planning, briefing, manufacturing, and operations of this construction project will be facilitated systematically to fortify successful project delivery. Key essentials are emphasised in this study, such as compliance with building regulations in this particular economy, safety measures, alleviation of probable conflicts within involved stakeholders, and others. Hence, breaking down this RIBA plan of work for this project ensures delivery in accordance with a stipulated time and budget of the client. In a way, this report incorporates essence of this project, which in turn, reinforces delivery of project plan in a detailed manner.
Word count: 1500
Bailey, T., 2019. Design: A Practical Guide to the RIBA Plan of Work 2013 Stages 2 and 3. United Kingdom: Riba Publishing.
Fletcher, P. and Satchwell, H., 2019. Briefing: A Practical Guide to RIBA Plan of Work 2013 Stages 7, 0 and 1 (RIBA Stage Guide). United Kingdom: Routledge.
Sinclair, D., 2019. Guide to Using the RIBA Plan of Work 2013. United Kingdom: Routledge.
AlizadehSalehi, S. and Yitmen, ?., 2018. Modeling and analysis of the impact of BIM-based field data capturing technologies on automated construction progress monitoring. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(12), pp.1669-1685.
Chen, Z., A Tweijeer, M. and Galvin, S., 2019, November. A lean construction overlay to RIBA Plan of Work. In ARCOM Doctoral Workshop on Contemporary Advances in Research Methodology in Construction Management.
Ndekugri, I., Ankrah, N.A. and Adaku, E., 2021. The design coordination role at the pre-construction stage of construction projects. Building Research & Information, pp.1-15.
Ojo, A. and Pye, C., 2020. BIM IMPLEMENTATION PRACTICES OF CONSTRUCTION ORGANISATIONS IN THE UK AEC INDUSTRY. PM World Journal, 9(10).
Withanage, K.T. and De Silva, N., 2020. CAN RIBA PLAN OF WORK (2013) USE AS A TOOL FOR CONFLICT AVOIDANCE IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS?.International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment.
Architecture.com, 2021. RIBA Plan of Work. Viewed on 05/03/2022 <https://www.architecture.com/knowledge-and-resources/resources-landing-page/riba-plan-of-work>
Designingbuildings.co.uk., (2021). Quality_control_for_construction_works. Available at: https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Quality_control_for_construction_works [Accessed on: 4 March, 2022]
Hse.gov.uk., (2022). The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015. Available at: https://www.hse.gov.uk/construction/cdm/2015/index.htm [Accessed on: 4 March, 2022]
Urbanistarchitecture.co.uk., (2020). How to Use RIBA 2020 Plan of Work: RIBA Design Stages Explained [Updated]. Available at: https://urbanistarchitecture.co.uk/riba-plan-of-work-stages/ [Accessed on: 4 March, 2022]