MGBBT1TAS Tourism And Society Essay Sample

Depth Analysis of Tourism And Society Essay

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Introduction Of Tourism And Society

The purpose of this essay is to examine the complex and evolving relationship between the tourism sector and society, focusing on its present and future implications. It is possible to get insight into the dynamic relationship between tourism and society by studying pertinent sociological theories, principles, and practices (Khan, 2021). The research also looks at how factors like society's norms, government policies, and the economy play a role in shaping tourism's long-term viability. By the end of this essay, the reader will have a better understanding of the global network of relationships that holds the tourist industry together.

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To put it simply, sociologists investigate social systems and the relationships between people. Sociology's application to the travel industry helps to understand how cultural values and norms drive tourist behavior and how, in turn, travel shapes host communities. It enables us to examine the ways in which tourism has altered cultural dynamics, social structures, and local identities. Sustainable tourism relies heavily on sociocultural variables to ensure its continued success. Sustainable tourist development requires thinking about things like cultural exchange, preserving cultural heritage, and including local communities. Allocation of funds, construction of new facilities, and administration of popular tourist spots are all affected by political variables including government laws and regulations. Employment prospects, tax revenue, and increased economic diversity are all examples of monetary effects resulting from tourism.

There is a dense network of connections between individuals, communities, and systems at work in the tourism industry. Many different kinds of social interactions between visitors and natives shape the perspectives of both groups (Ben Jebli, 2019). Public and commercial entities must work together in order to build infrastructure, deliver services, and mitigate environmental impacts in tourist hotspots. The tourism industry also has a web of interdependencies with related industries including transportation, lodging, and entertainment. For tourism to grow in a sustainable way, it is essential to comprehend these interrelationships and dependencies. To reduce unfavourable social, cultural, and environmental impacts while maximizing positive outcomes for tourists and host communities, collaboration and cooperation among stakeholders, participatory planning, and responsible tourism practices are vital.

Negative Economic Impacts:

The negative impacts of tourism expansion on local economies can be deduced from studies and data. To begin, "leakage" happens when a sizeable amount of tourist spending goes to enterprises or countries outside of the host country (Saarinen, 2019). This may occur as a result of the purchase of imported goods and services, the presence of foreign ownership of hotels, or the repatriation of corporate earnings. As a result of leakage, less of the money made from tourists stays in the local economy, lowering the multiplier impact.

In addition, tourism can cause inflation since an increase in demand for goods and services results in price rises for both locals and visitors. The locals' standard of living can suffer if the expense of living rises above their means (Bibi,, 2020). Furthermore, if tourism is a destination's principal economic sector, then it is especially susceptible to external shocks like economic downturns, natural disasters, or political instability, all of which can have a devastating effect on the destination's revenue streams and job possibilities.

Statistical Data

Overuse of water is a common problem in tourist areas: In a tropical region, a standard golf course can consume as much water as sixty thousand people in a rural area (Rubin, 2019). There is an annual chemical fertilizer, pesticide, and herbicide consumption of 1500 kilograms.

The Impact of Travel on the Climate: More than 5% of global greenhouse gas emissions come from tourism, with 90% coming from transportation.

The tourism industry is projected to raise its CO2 emissions by 25% by 2030 compared to 2016 levels. The increase is 740 million metric tonnes or a whopping 1,998 billion metric tonnes.

The interrelatedness of Negative Issues and Challenges:

Many of tourism's ill effects on the economy are linked to one another. Price inflation and economic fragility are both made worse by leakage, which adds to the reduced retention of revenue within the local economy (Goebel, 2020). Furthermore, economic inequality can be perpetuated by the concentration of benefits in the hands of a few, which is bad news for small firms and local communities.

Furthermore, tourist expansion might have long-term economic effects if it leads to the destruction of natural resources and the environment (Purwanda, 2022). Detrimental effects on the environment can reduce the allure and longevity of a vacation spot, which in turn can reduce the number of visitors and the amount of money brought in by them. The expenses of environmental protection and restoration can be high, too, taking money away from other important areas of government spending.

Overall Impacts on Economic Development

When tourism has unintended consequences, it might threaten a country's economic growth (Sharpley, 2020). Investment in infrastructure, education, healthcare, and other sectors is hampered by leakage and price inflation, which reduces the economic advantages that should be transmitted within the local economy. Dependence on tourism for economic growth renders an economy fragile and less able to weather external shocks. When resources are not distributed evenly, it can lead to social tensions and a breakdown in social cohesiveness, both of which can slow down economic growth. The intricate relationship between tourism growth and societal economic repercussions can be better understood with the help of relevant ideas like the dependence theory or the economic multiplier effect (Calero, 2020). Policymakers and industry stakeholders can establish initiatives to mitigate the negative economic impacts and promote a more sustainable and inclusive tourism model if they have a thorough awareness of the ramifications.

Negative Impacts of Tourism

There are several negative effects of tourism that have been documented via study and data collection. Alterations to local customs, the commercialization of historical artefacts, social upheaval, and a lack of genuineness are all examples of sociocultural effects. Cultures may become more homogenized as a result of tourism since local practices and traditions are changed to suit the needs of visitors. An increase in visitors can also have negative effects on locals' way of life, social cohesion, and sense of community. The relationship between tourism and government creates repercussions on the political level (Kongbuamai,, 2020). When power and decision-making are concentrated in too few hands, local communities can lose their voice in tourist planning and development. Inadequate regulation, rampant corruption, and a lack of government oversight are all factors that can contribute to cultural and environmental exploitation in tourist destinations. Tourism activities can be further disrupted by political instability or wars, threatening the well-being of society. Depletion of natural resources, disruption of ecosystems, and loss of biodiversity are all examples of environmental consequences. Pollution, habitat damage, and environmental deterioration can result from overpopulation, infrastructural expansion, and inappropriate waste management. These effects are not only harmful to the environment, but they also threaten the allure and viability of popular tourist spots.

The interrelatedness of Negative Issues and Challenges:

The problems brought on by tourism are intertwined and often have far-reaching consequences. The monetization of cultural assets is one example of how social and cultural shifts can have economic repercussions by affecting the number of tourists and their spending habits (KUTLU,, 2022). In a similar vein, environmental degradation can have an effect on the quality of life for both locals and visitors, ultimately harming the prosperity of the community as a whole. As seen in the last section, the economic repercussions that have been negative can make the social, cultural, political, and environmental problems more badly. The rise of tourism can cause economic inequality, which in turn can cause social tensions, which in turn can erode social cohesiveness and hamper collective well-being. The hazards of exploitation and environmental degradation are exacerbated when economies are weak and dependent on tourism, which in turn can erode political institutions.

Overall Impacts on Wellbeing

Beyond the monetary, the repercussions of tourism's bad effects can be devastating to a community's well-being. Loss of authenticity and disruption of local communities are two examples of how societal and cultural shifts can have a negative impact on both social cohesiveness and personal well-being (Chatterjee,, 2020). Marginalization and exploitation are two examples of the kinds of political effects that can erode faith in authority and slow social progress. Degradation of the natural environment reduces the standard of living for locals, endangers tourist attractions, and endangers entire ecosystems. For a more nuanced understanding of the interplay between tourism and societal well-being, it is helpful to apply relevant theories and concepts like social exchange theory and the concept of carrying capacity. Policymakers, communities, and industry stakeholders may all work together to lessen the blow of tourism's negative consequences and advance societal well-being if they adopt sustainable tourism practices.

Possible Scenarios of Negative Trends and Challenges

One probable future scenario is excessive tourism due to inadequate planning and management. It's possible that crowded conditions, stresses on infrastructure, and disruptions to local people and ecosystems will be experienced in popular tourist spots. According to the tourism life cycle idea, overuse and waning appeal can lead to a destination's demise. The commercialization and standardization of historical practices may accelerate in the years ahead (Salvia,, 2019). The distinctiveness and authenticity of local cultures may be diluted as a result of globalization and increased connectedness if tourism experiences become more uniform. The local cultural fabric may weaken if local customs and practices are watered down.

Deterioration of the Environment, Tourism can exacerbate environmental deterioration if proper precautions are not taken and public awareness is not raised. Issues including rising sea levels, loss of biodiversity and extreme weather occurrences may become more severe as a result of climate change. Both the natural environment and the quality of the visitor experience may suffer as a result of these problems.

Overall Impacts in Anticipated Scenarios

The future seems grim for the tourism industry and the difficulties and threats it faces might significantly alter the connection between the two sectors. Overcrowding can put a damper on things for locals and visitors alike by putting an unnecessary demand on the area's facilities (Rosselló, 2020). It could be difficult for local populations to maintain their culture and customs if they believe they are becoming marginalized. Furthermore, the long-term viability of tourism might be jeopardized by environmental deterioration caused by unregulated tourism practices.

When a place's culture is watered down, it loses some of its distinctiveness and becomes less appealing to travellers looking for genuine encounters. Communities' sense of pride and cohesion can weaken if they lose their cultural traditions and practices. In addition, environmental deterioration can upset ecosystem balance, which can have negative effects on human and animal health.

Taking these potential outcomes into account, it's clear that proactive solutions to the problems at hand are required (Sahraoui,, 2021). Negative effects can be lessened and the relationship between tourism and society can be maintained for the long term through the use of sustainable tourism practices, destination management techniques, and community involvement. Destinations may work towards a better economic, cultural, and environmental future by embracing responsible tourist practices.


There are both beneficial and negative effects of tourism on society, which contribute to its complexity and fluidity. In this essay, the negative effects of tourism on the economy, as well as some of the broader negative effects of the industry and some potential future developments are analyzed. Concluding observations on the tourism industry's significance to society and the necessity to resolve negative concerns and challenges now require thatsynthesize theimportant conclusions. Economically, socially, and culturally, the tourism industry remains essential to the entire community. In particular, tourism helps developing nations by boosting their economies, creating new jobs, and inspiring new business owners. Investment, economic growth, and the support of local enterprises are all things that could benefit from this. Furthermore, tourism allows for cultural celebration and preservation, as well as the promotion of understanding between diverse communities.

The detrimental results of tourism, however, can't be overlooked. The essay has outlined the ways in which tourism can be harmful to a country's finances, culture, natural resources, and public health. Economic leakage, unequal distribution of benefits, and over-reliance on tourism are only a few of the problems that contribute to the negative effects on the economy. The commercialization of history, social upheaval, and a decline in authenticity are all sociocultural effects. Degradation of natural environments as a result of tourism activities endangers ecosystems and their resources. It is important to deal with these problems now and in the future. Sustainable practices and the reduction of negative effects are of increasing importance as the tourism industry expands. The tourism sector as a whole can benefit from sustainable tourism practices that are governed by environmental protection, community development, and cultural preservation ideals. It calls for coordination among authorities, residents, business owners, and vacationers. By fixing these problems, one can make sure the tourism industry lasts for the long haul and increase its positive effects. Sustainable resource management, community-based tourism projects, good governance, and the management of carrying capacities are all part of what it means to be a good tourist. Education of tourists on how they may play a part in reducing negative effects is also crucial.


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