Are Human Rights Universal Assignment Sample

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Are Human Rights Universal Assignment?


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Human Rights are considered to be the basic rights along with the freedom that is applicable for every human being across the globe during the whole life span. Human rights are typically based on communal values such as dignity, equality, fairness, respect along the right to independence as well. These human rights are basically protected and determined through the various laws and regulations of the government. These human rights can be objectified by influencing the advancement of the laws and the policies of the government. Human Rights also intend to promote the social practices that are focused on the betterment of society.

Workers or the employees of these departments of the government are often instructed to conduct campaigns along with the events in order to regulate the communicational aspects between the diversified cultures of the society. Human rights and the workers of these departments foster better relationships among the people of the society in order to maintain the positive balance of the cultural environment of the society. Moreover, these rights also intend to develop the level of understanding among the people of the society along with maintaining peace and harmony among the people of the society.

The main objective of working in this paper is to understand the different aspects of Human rights that are evolving with the passage of time and the advancement of knowledge among the people of the society.

Human Rights and its Different Aspects

Evolution of human rights

The modern concept of human rights includes the entitlement of human rights among each and every people of the society without any kind of discrimination. However, these fundamental rights along with the modernized concept of maintaining equality among the people of the society were not the same in the previous time. According to Davide (2018), These beliefs of equality among the people of the society are considered to be evolved through the acceptance of human dignities over the previous period of time. The roots of these considerations are typically estimated to lie in the traditional as well as the cultural documents of different cultures of the society.

International human rights law

International law for human rights drives the Government to focus on the ways of refraining certain acts. This is done in order to promote along with protect the fundamental rights of the humans and the freedom of the groups or individuals as well. The creation of the specified body for the maintenance of these rights refers to the universal and the globally protected code through which every nation can move according to it along with the aspiration of the people of that nation (Borchert et al. 2021). Moreover, the United Nations has also defined a wide range of rights that are accepted globally. This includes the civil, economic, cultural, political as well as social rights of the people also. Apart from that, this has also entrenched the promotion and the protection of these fundamental rights in order to assist the government to follow through with the responsibilities.

Economic, social, and cultural rights

In 1976, the International Covenant on Economic, Social, Cultural Rights started to protect the fundamental rights of humans across the globe. The Covenant is intended to promote the rights of the human that includes the right of work only in favorable conditions and situations as well. Moreover, this also includes the right to remain socially protected along with maintaining an adequate standard of living. Besides that, this includes the right to maintain the highest achievable standards of being well with respect to physical and mental health conditions (Yildirim et al. 2021). Most importantly, this promotes the rights to education for every human being irrespective of the culture along with accepting the advantages of the cultural benefits that come through the scientific development of the society.

Human rights councils

The Council of Human Rights was formed on March 15 in 2006 through the General Assembly and replaced the 60-year-old commission of Human rights as the intergovernmental body that is typically responsible for maintaining the regulation of these fundamental rights (Eriksen et al. 2021). This council is focused to maintain the rights of humans globally through addressing different kinds of situations of violation of these rights along with making recommendations for them. This also includes responding to these fundamental rights of the human in the situation of emergencies as well. The attractive and remarkable feature of this Council is considered to be the reviewing of all the records of human rights of the members who follow this council with an interval of every four years. As per (Narayanan and Bharadwaj 2019), reviewing the records is considered to be a state-driven and cooperative process that is followed under the supervision of this council along with providing an opportunity for every state to improve the situations that are related to Human Rights.

Human Rights and Ethical Communities

According to Professor Brown, modern and liberal societies are the safest as well as freest, and most civilized societies of known history (McDonald 2021). Moreover, he also mentioned that the role of these rights should typically focus on creating these kinds of societies. Apart from that, he stated that the methods of regularization of these rights have cleared the way for the establishment of these fundamental rights for the people. However, the roots of the successful regularization of these fundamental rights are not present in the cultural roots of the societies whereas the features of these rights need to be traced for the same. The success of the regularization of these fundamental rights in the present societies depends more on the communitarian aspects rather than singular contexts of political actions. This is because, to some extent, these societies are considered ethical communities where these fundamental rights for humans are highly respected with a broad area of execution (Sherwood and Anthony 2020). Rights that are considered as successful and are based on the political aspects of the society are claimed to be parasitic for the features of these fundamental rights. Moreover, these are stated to be injurious for the regularization of these rights as well. The dependence of human rights on the ethical communities has made Professor Brown hold questions about the proper extraction of these rights from the polities that are liberal and decontextualized along with the global application of these packages.

On the other hand, Chris Brown has mentioned that the conception of the political community provides a specific context through which these fundamental rights can be operated (Hickey et al. 2021). However, these rights are not always compatible with the positions that are liberal to these fundamental rights. For every individual, these rights are considered to be significant in the diversified society of different cultures. This follows the principle that the power of the state will reflect as the power for an individual in order to protect the regularization of these fundamental rights. Limitation of the states cannot be possible through these rights therefore these rights possess the maximum number of individuals in respect to substantial unity.

The liberal positions collectively avoid the situation that specifies the rights of the individuals. However, this is not considered a serious problem due to the communitarian position which is not framed in order to work in every condition. In contrast to the presented conditions, there are several people who are responsible for making up the community and not any random group of people who inhabit the specific territory over a specific period of time. As pointed out by Akhmedshina (2020), these are basically the people who are responsible for the creation of these communities. The rights that are practiced in these communities are assigned by their own members of these communities and are not according to the general rights that are practiced globally along with not being part of any political bargains as well. However, these are considered to be the reminders that are imposed within the community to maintain the proper conduction of these rights.

Violations of human rights

Violation of Human Rights is considered to be the prohibition of freedom in respect to the thoughts along with the movements that are legal as per human rights. After the violation of these the individuals who are responsible for the violation are marginalized through the leadership of the community or the government as well (DeMeritt and Conrad 2019). This leads to the placements of these individuals in the cycle of oppression and poverty. People who intend to use the different approaches of life with a different perspective that is not similar to the other are considered to maintain this cycle.

Few aspects of the violation of human rights are considered to:

Discrimination: The development of the violation of Human Rights adversely affects the people of a developing country through the compounding factors along with their difficulties as well. The most prevalent issue of the 21st century is considered the marginalization of the groups that are typically based on sexual orientation along with the identity of the people (McGregor and Setiawan 2019). However, there are several parts across the globe that have progressed through the involvement of the LGBTQIAPK (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transexual, Queer, Intersex, Asexual, Pansexual/ Polyamorous, and Kink) communities. Stigmatization to these cases still has remained in the dilemma which lacks a clear determination.

Abuse of the Death Penalty:

Among the other countless examples of the violation of Human Rights, the most depressing is considered to be the execution of children in the Islamic Republic. Moreover, it has been reported that after two years of the remarkable progress of human rights these were at the top of the chart as compared to the other places where this is practiced. Iran is considered to go a long way because of the adverse level of discrimination that is faced by religious as well as ethnic minorities (Myronets et al. 2019). People who work the activists for human rights were intimidated, harassed arrested, and detained by the localized peoples.

New Wave of Violations

The people who are living in the less progressive nations intend to experience the worst kind of violations of Human Rights. The progressive declaration acknowledges the advancement of human rights however this is something that people don't enforce in a clear manner despite it being a legal right of the people (Kaul and Teng 2019). This concludes that development is an important aspect for reaching the level of equality along with protecting the rights of humans.

Critical Analysis

Based on the opinion of Camicia (2018), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is considered as the milestone document for the history of the implementation of human rights. This is because it has been drafted through various laws along with the different cultural backgrounds from different religions of the world. Moreover, it has also been stated that most of the treaties that are related to human rights include an oversight body that is considered to be responsible for reviewing the process of implementation of these treaties among the countries that have accepted the implementation.

However, Bagchi and Paul (2021) have stated that complaints can be filed for the violation of these rights to the committees that minted to oversee the treaties of human rights. It has also been stated that Human Rights is a cross-cutting integration of policies along with the programs in respect to the key areas of peace, safety and security, different kinds of development, the assistance of the humanitarians, economic as well as the social welfare also.

As opined by Esposito, (2020), during the worldwide implementation of these fundamental rights of humans, various agencies have taken initiative to supervise the regularization of Human Rights across the world. These are basically focused on protecting the rights that are related to the development of the people such as the right to development, right to food, labor rights, and many more.

Evaluating the Sources

In order to perform the research about the Universality of Human Rights, the author needs to have knowledge about the different aspects of Human Rights along with the experience about the organizations that intend to maintain the regularization of these rights as well. Moreover, the author has gone through several cases that are related to the extreme violation of these fundamental rights across the globe. Apart from that, the author maintained the skills of effective communication that will help to acquire more information through communication with different kinds of people across the globe. The ability to be critical along with the analytical skills of the author was used throughout the research and the effective communication for achieving an eloquent outcome of the research. While doing this research the author has gone through several cases that forced the author into depression and hence it was important to use the methods of strengthening the resilience of oneself in order to achieve an effective outcome of this research. In order to perform the critical justification, the author has maintained the persuasiveness for achieving the effective outcome of this research.


In this chapter, the different aspect of the universality of human rights has been projected. Along with the illustrations of the implementation of the fundamental rights of people in different nations the working of the regulating organizations is also discussed. Besides that, the objectification of Human Rights along with the methods of implementation of these fundamental rights is also highlighted throughout the paper. Moreover, the violations of human rights along with the consequences that are faced by the communities of the people are also reflected in this chapter of the research. While doing this research there are some skills that are required to be maintained by the researcher in order to achieve a feasible outcome of the research which are also highlighted in this chapter. Apart from that, different views of the human rights activists are also projected through the critical analysis of these views. Different types of violations of these Human Rights including the practicable places are also referred to in this chapter of the research. Moreover, the evaluation of the sources that are provided in the research is also highlighted in this chapter. Lastly, the ethical communities that are related to the regularization of Human Rights are also highlighted in the part of the research.


Akhmedshina, F., 2020. Violence against women: a form of discrimination and human rights violations. Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal, 2020(1), pp.13-23.

Bagchi, A. and Paul, J.A., 2021. National security vs. human rights: A game theoretic analysis of the tension between these objectives. European Journal of Operational Research, 290(2), pp.790-805.

Borchert, I., Conconi, P., Di Ubaldo, M. and Herghelegiu, C., 2021. The pursuit of non-trade policy objectives in EU Trade Policy. World Trade Review, 20(5), pp.623-647.

Davide Farah, P., 2018. Sustainable Development Objectives in Europe and Its Intersection with the Framework of Business and Human Rights. Braz. J. Int'l L., 15, p.190.

DeMeritt, J.H. and Conrad, C.R., 2019. Repression substitution: Shifting human rights violations in response to UN naming and shaming. Civil Wars, 21(1), pp.128-152.

Eriksen, H., Rautio, A., Johnson, R., Koepke, C. and Rink, E., 2021. Ethical considerations for community-based participatory research with Sami communities in North Finland. Ambio, 50(6), pp.1222-1236.

Esposito, S., 2020. To what extent may country based sanctions act as an instrument for the promotion of human rights objectives, and under what circumstances may they give rise to human rights compliance obligations?.

Hickey, A., Davis, S., Farmer, W., Dawidowicz, J., Moloney, C., Lamont-Mills, A., Carniel, J., Pillay, Y., Akenson, D., Brömdal, A. and Gehrmann, R., 2021. Beyond criticism of ethics review boards: strategies for engaging research communities and enhancing ethical review processes. Journal of Academic Ethics, pp.1-19.

Kaul, K.L. and Teng, M.K., 2019. Human Rights Violations of Kashmiri Hindus. In Perspectives on Kashmir (pp. 175-188). Routledge.

McDonald, E., 2021. Humanity in Crisis: Ethical and Religious Response to Refugees. By David Hollenbach, SJ.

McGregor, K. and Setiawan, K., 2019. Shifting from international to “Indonesian” justice measures: Two decades of addressing past human rights violations. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 49(5), pp.837-861.

Myronets, O., Nesteriak, Y., Burdin, M. and Tsukan, O., 2019. Prevention of human rights violations. Asia Life Sciences, (2 Suppl. 21), pp.577-591.

Narayanan, P. and Bharadwaj, S., 2019. Whose ethics counts? Ethical issues in community development and action research with communities facing stigmatisation. Ethics, equity and community development, 103.

Sherwood, J. and Anthony, T., 2020. Ethical conduct in indigenous research: it’s just good manners. In Indigenous Research Ethics: Claiming Research Sovereignty Beyond Deficit and the Colonial Legacy. Emerald Publishing Limited.

Yildirim, A., Basedow, R., Fiorini, M. and Hoekman, B., 2021. EU Trade and Non?trade Objectives: New Survey Evidence on Policy Design and Effectiveness. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 59(3), pp.556-568.

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