Impact of Leadership On Employee Motivation and Performance Assignment Sample

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Assignment: Research Methods

Impact of leadership on employee motivation and performance Assignment

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Main Concept: HR leadership

According to Al Khajeh (2018), Leadership plays important role organisations and consider as key determinant that is directly associated with individual performance and business success or failure. The HR leadership focuses on utilising different styles to create positive motivation and clear direction among employees for achieving organisational goals. The different type of leadership styles for effective HR management includes a transformational, transactional, charismatic, bureaucratic, autocratic and democratic style. Similarly, the perspective of Pancasila et al (2020), to is important aspect of Organisation in terms of creating job satisfaction and committed performance from each individual. The human resource leadership aims to improve the efficiency of employees by creating better working environment and implementing motivational strategies.

Sub-concept 1: Leadership Importance 

In the words of Guterresa et al (2020), The leadership is very important within organisations because it provides effectiveness in the training pedagogy and lead if efficient skill development in organisational workforce. The Role of leadership also includes leading employee development with building training charism in order to control corruption at workplaces and leading to better transparency to build participative Institution. The leadership not only create skills among employees to benefit organisation but it also creates a lifetime development of individual. Schwarz et al (2020), also believe tattoo leadership creates advanced understanding between no organisation and workforce that results in better accountability, political loyalty, networking, governance and rule-following perspective. The leadership is important within an organisation to create conceptualized political aspects within an organisation and managing the workers with better commitment.

Sub-concept 2: Motivation & Performance of employees

In the views of Paais & Pattiruhu (2020), performance of employees is based on motivation and the overall motivation and efficiency of work force based on leadership style and organisational culture of business. It is believed that employee performance improves when organisational culture provides soothing and calm working environment that motivates individual for efficient working. It is important to manage employee performance and motivation to get success within business. Whereas, Ibarra & Scoular (2019), demonstrated that the competency of organisational leadership and effectiveness of working motivation strategies plays important role in motivating workforce during business life is pen and creating long-term accountability with efficient performance. The different type of industries utilizes different data and strategies to improve the motivation.

Sub-concept 3: Role of guidance & coaching from managers

In the words of Matsuo (2018), The guidance and coaching from managers within organisation play important role in supporting employees and leading them towards battle accomplishments with effective instructions. Guidance and coaching from business leaders for workplace managers improve the consistency of energy to lead to better commitment and innovation among go for forces during changing business environment. In Support, Rahardja (2018), Elaborates that guidance at workplace from A manager as a coach facilitates behaviour and promotes learning. Mentorship at workplace encourages creative learning and lead better chances of critical thinking and problem-solving procedures. Coaching and guidance positively enhances work forth performance and lead better result with effective communication and guidance to overcome downfalls.

Table of References-

Author, Year, reference

Short title


Research Aims Research Questions

Conceptual framework/ Theories utilized


Context / sample

Key findings

Gaps in the literature/ shortcoming of the paper

Al Khajeh, E. H. (2018)

Impact of leadership styles on organizational performance.

Journal of Human Resources Management Research

To explore Association among organisational performance and leadership approach

Analysis of management and leadership in terms of failure and success

Primary and secondary approach with quantitative style; survey instrument and survey questionnaire.

20 randomly selected organisations

There is negative relationship of bureaucratic, transactional and charismatic leadership with organisational performance

Use of quantitative data only; reduced scope and applicability

Pancasila, I., Haryono, S., & Sulistyo, B. A. (2020)

Effects of work motivation and leadership toward work satisfaction and employee performance: Evidence from Indonesia. 

The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business

To determine the impact of appropriate leadership and work motivation on performance and job satisfaction of employees

Analysis of structural qualities within organisations

Primary research random sampling approach and collected proportional demography

355 samples of Bukit Asam, coal mining company, Indonesia

There is direct impact of leadership approaches on the job satisfaction, employee performance and business success

Lack of specific analysis and particular evaluation

Guterresa, L.F.D.C., Armanu, A. & Rofiaty, R. (2020)

The role of work motivation as a mediator on the influence of education-training and leadership style on employee performance.

Management Science Letters

To identify the impact of leadership style and education and training in work motivation

The utilisation of education training programme to improve employee performance and motivation

Questionnaire survey with 86 employees as sample

Ministry of Education, Indonesia

The work motivation has mediating influence on employee performance through leadership style but not on education training

Lack of practicability of work motivation strategies in education training process

Schwarz, G., Eva, N. & Newman, A. (2020)

Can public leadership increase public service motivation and job performance?

Public Administration Review

To increase the understanding of significance in public sector associated with the performance and other employee aspects

Social learning theory to stimulate the impacts of leadership within public sector

Implementing multilevel modelling network among 300 civil servants and 64 managers

Civil servants within China

Strong and positive relationship among job performance and PSM with network governance leadership

Lack of casual conclusions and no control on common variances

Paais, M. & Pattiruhu, J.R. (2020)

Effect of motivation, leadership, and organizational culture on satisfaction and employee performance. 

The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business

To investigate the impact of organisational culture leadership and motivation on employee performance and satisfaction

Focus on HRM approaches in academic research with critical review

Survey of 155 employees by proportionate stratified random sampling

Employees of Bahana resources Limited North Sairam district Central maluku Regency Indonesia

The job satisfaction is highly influenced by leadership and motivation

Limited data collection regarding industry and over all development

Ibarra, H., & Scoular, A. (2019)

The leader as coach.

Harvard Business Review

Explorer empirical evidences regarding a leadership competence and motivation among employees

Implementing explanatory casualty approach to focus on motivation and performance in education

Data collection by using service as One-Shot study

250 respondents from 7 district Indonesia East Java Province

The work motivation impacts performance and competence

Negative impacts of Limited capitalisation within campus

Matsuo, M. (2018)

How does managerial coaching affect individual learning?

Personnel review

To demonstrate the importance of coaching and guidance while managing people at workplace

Analysis of managerial model for improving guidance at workplace

Secondary method of research with descriptive analysis

Employees, United States

The different managerial model has positive impact on managing employees as a coaching and providing guidance

Lack of practicality and Limited area of exploration

Rahardja, U., Moein, A. and Lutfiani, N. (2018)

Leadership, competency, working motivation and performance of high private education lecturer with institution accreditation B: Area kopertis IV Banten province. 

Man India

To identify and evaluate the role of managerial linking and team reflexivity in individual learning and coaching

Evaluation of impacts of guidance and mentorship on employees

Survey of 98 engineering team within electronic and automobile industry

Automobile and electronic engineers, Japan

The managerial coaching has a direct impact on the individual and team learning

Impact on engineering traits due to interdependency within teams

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