Individual Report Assignment
Introduction - Individual Report Assignment
A construction project involves multiple stages in its management and execution process. As per RIBA plan of work, these stages can be listed as strategic definition, preparation and brief, concept design, developed design, technical design, construction, handover and close out and in use. This report deals with the development of delivery plans for the construction of personal home property as per the RIBA plan of work. In this respect, at first the aim and objectives of the report will be underlined. It will be followed by the development of a delivery plan as per the key stages of the RIBA plan of work. In the end, with respect to the identified aims and objectives, the main findings of the identified delivery plan will be brought together to give some appropriate concluding remarks.
The aim of this report is to develop a delivery plan for the execution of construction project as per the RIBA plan of work
Some of the main objectives that this report will accomplish can be briefly listed as
- To understand the different process of construction
- To critically apply the identified methodology and concepts
- To develop a delivery plan for the execution of construction project as per the RIBA plan of work
The first stage as per RIBA framework is the strategic definition. This stage deals with the making of a decision whether it is necessary to construct the building or not and committing to the process. Various options for the project must be considered in this stage including the sites of construction and the budget limit (Withanage and De Silva, 2013). It also involves the conduction of preliminary measurement and calculations to make sure that one is ready for the execution of a construction project to move on to next stages of plan of work as per RIBA framework.
The concerned client in this stage should decide whether they should proceed with the construction process, do they actually need the construction work and getting a rough idea of the maximum budget they can spend on the construction project so that they don't run out of cash in between after initiating the project. In this stage they should also finalise the project site where the construction process will take place and whether it is sufficient as per their desired goals or needs any modifications.
Figure 1: RIBA Plan of Work
(Source: Amin and Abanda, 2019)
Preparation and Brief
The next stage in this framework of construction planning is the preparation for the execution of a plan of work as per RIBA framework to execute successfully the construction. This is the stage where the project actually starts. Once freethinking has been done in stage 0, the objectives of the construction project and the things it wants to achieve are properly pinned down. This stage includes the identification of quality aspirations, project outcomes, spatial requirements, and sustainability outcomes.
The concerned client in this regard needs to make sure that in the stage of preparation and brief of RIBA plan of work, they carry out feasibility analysis, and studies of project budget in order to agree finally to it to keep the goals as much practical as possible. The RIBA plan of work has given huge importance in the incorporation of BIM principles, which must be followed by the client in their construction project for the development of their personal home (Withanage and De Silva, 2018). The client in this respect must try to ensure proper use of the various advanced technologies that are used in construction projects as they are suggested by the government as well. If possible, they should use software for advanced design as it makes the project stand out and meet the international standards of construction. The client should make sure that all the builders as well as architects have good understanding and capability of using BIM. It should also be decided at this stage whether implementation of advanced technology is required or not.
The second stage of this model deals with the development of concept design. In this stage the team that would look after the design should start working and develop an initial conceptual plan. The client should make sure that they do not hurry up and maintain certain patience. The final design should not be developed in this stage as there might be a need for multiple changes in the process as the project moves further. The council should be informally engaged at this stage. The clients who are not experienced should not submit an actual application for planning (Amin and Abanda, 2019). The specialist consultants must be contracted by the principal designer such as fire safety consultants and tree surveyors. The review of design happens in this stage 2 by analysing and exploring different available options to fulfil conceptually the needs and wants of the project.
This is the next stage in RIBA plan of work and is known as spatial coordination. The conceptual design that has been developed in the previous stage needs to be analysed further in order to decide and finalise upon the practical aspects of the concerned project. In this stage, the concerned client as well as the design team should think about the ways in which legal requirements of the project can be met such as regulation of building. The client or the architect in this stage should also hire and include a structural engineer for the assessment of design (MARHANI et al. 2021). The initial budget that was planned before the progress of the project must also be analysed and checked whether the evolved design can still be afforded. All the recommendations of the consultant, construction methods and sustainability strategy have to be incorporated by the client in this stage. The final design should be fixed in this stage and there not be any further changes.
The stage 4 of RIBA plan of work often overlaps with stage 5 depending upon the selected procurement method and project type. In this stage the client needs to make sure that all the planning and designing processes are successfully completed before the actual construction project gets initiated. In this stage, all the designs for bespoke elements need to be finalised such as window frames and staircase that are to be supplied by a supplier (Azizi et al. 2021). The procurement method also needs to be decided in this stage by the client, as it would help in the documentation and drawing process. If the method employed is traditional procurement then the design team has to prepare the documentation and drawing for the process of tendering. Specialist subcontractors are relevant because they are also approached to join.
Manufacturing and Construction
Most of the practical work of construction is carried out in this stage and is usually executed by the suppliers of manufacturing materials, building contractors and the subcontractors. As many of the prefabricated materials are being used, this fifth stage is known as manufacturing and construction. The client executing this project must make sure that all the different construction responsibilities are properly divided among the project members as per the prevalent regulations in the form of writing in this stage to avoid any unexpected legal consequences (Urbanistarchitecture.co.uk, 2020). All the doubts of the contractor have to be answered by the design team while also carrying out the thorough inspection of the involved construction process.
As the building or construction works get over, the stages 6 and 7 of handover and use gets initiated as per the RIBA plan of work. If different structures are completed and built at the same time then this might even overlap with the stage 5 if the framework. In this stage the client becomes the most responsible person and has to take responsibility for the site and completed project (Chen et al. 2019). The health and safety file as well as manual for the owners among other documents has to be handed over by the building contractor to the client. Any defects that are identified must also be rectified by the clients in this stage.
The traditional architects do not give much importance to this stage, which is a crucial stage as per the RIBA plan of work. This stage deals with the execution of any alterations and any refurbishing works that are required. The client in this stage has to make sure that the building is performing its desired purpose by giving proper care to the building. The client should rethink about the concepts and principles of sustainability and make sure that any recyclable materials are reused once the current use of the building is over.
Many stages are included in the construction process, which need to be properly taken care of by the client in order to make sure the RIBA plan of work is followed and construction work is executed in a strategic manner. The construction of a personal home requires the client to develop a proper delivery plan and execute it accordingly while taking care of sustainability and initial plans of budget and design, which has been understood and evaluated in this report.
Amin, K.F. and Abanda, F.H., 2019. Building Information Modelling Plan Of Work For Managing Construction Projects In Egypt. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 24(2), pp.23-61. https://radar.brookes.ac.uk/radar/file/b7aac040-8f98-40a0-951d-6e61949691c5/1/jcdc2019.24.2.2.pdf
Azizi, N.S.M., Tan, Z.Y. and Azizi, Z., 2021. Preliminary Study of Changes in Work Practices of Quantity Surveyors in Building Information Modelling (BIM) Projects. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 12(1), pp.140-152. https://publisher.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/IJSCET/article/download/7093/4241
Chen, Z., A Tweijeer, M. and Galvin, S., 2019, November. A lean construction overlay to RIBA Plan of Work. In ARCOM Doctoral Workshop on Contemporary Advances in Research Methodology in Construction Management. https://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/70961/1/Chen_etal_ARCOM2019_A_lean_construction_overlay_to_RIBA_Plan_of_Work.pdf
MARHANI, M.A., Mustapha, A.A., Mohamad, M.F. and Noorhani, N.M.A., 2021. A Framework of an Interior Design Work Delivery Process. International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, 12(3), pp.322-332. https://penerbit.uthm.edu.my/ojs/index.php/IJSCET/article/download/9942/4631
Urbanistarchitecture.co.uk, 2020, How to Use RIBA 2020 Plan of Work: RIBA Design Stages Explained [Updated], Available at https://urbanistarchitecture.co.uk/riba-plan-of-work-stages/ [Accessed on 2nd March, 2022]
WITHANAGE, K. and DE SILVA, N.A.Y.A.N.A.T.H.A.R.A., 2018. IMPLEMENTATION OF RIBA PLAN OF WORK (2013) AT PRE-CONTRACT PHASE TO MINIMIZE CONFLICTS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN SRI LANKA. Sustainability for people, p.402. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Swagatika-Mishra/publication/335202080_FARU_2018_Proceedings/links/5d564c3292851cb74c6fa82f/FARU-2018-Proceedings.pdf#page=402
Withanage, K.T. and De Silva, N., CAN RIBA PLAN OF WORK (2013) USE AS A TOOL FOR CONFLICT AVOIDANCE IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS?. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kanchuka-Withanage/publication/352029890_CAN_RIBA_PLAN_OF_WORK_2013_USE_AS_A_TOOL_FOR_CONFLICT_AVOIDANCE_IN_CONSTRUCTION_PROJECTS/links/60b64eda4585154e5ef95635/CAN-RIBA-PLAN-OF-WORK-2013-USE-AS-A-TOOL-FOR-CONFLICT-AVOIDANCE-IN-CONSTRUCTION-PROJECTS.pdf