A Leader can be defined as a dominant person who strongly influence other people to proceed towards the attainment of objectives and goal. As the name defines, Leader is the one who leads and pressurize the remaining to follow their path. Leader inspires and motivates other to achieve their target effectively and efficiently. Leaders critically evaluate the strength and weakness of person and exhibit integrity, ethics and honesty. This report is based on Mr. Narendra Damodar Das Modi, who is an effective Leader of India (Baird, 2010). This assignment also covers various Leadership Theories which the former Prime Minister of India has applied through out its tenure.
In this report, chosen Leader is Mr. Narendra Damodar Das Modi who is the Prime Minister of India. He is an Indian Politician who currently hold the position of 14th Prime Minister of India since May 2014. Mr. Modi was born 17 September 1950 in Vadnagar, just after the three year when India had achieved its Independence.
From his childhood, he possess certain qualities of leader as he effectively manage his academic and non-academic life and still devote extra time to run his Tea Stall. He works at Tea Stall which is owned by his father, to meet their family expenses. He was very energetic, hard-working and had an empathy towards participating in debate (Dantley, 2010). His efficiency towards speaking in public and reading books imparts that he owns the qualities of becoming good leader. At the age of 17, he left his home to travel all across the India. Initially for two years he explore different culture and landscape of India which makes him clear or provides direction towards his aim. When he returned to his home, he was very clear about his future goals and objective.
After this, he went to Ahmedabad to join Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh(RSS). RSS is considered as a National Voluntary Organisation which work towards achieving the cultural and social reviving of India. Within a short span of time, he became the Pracharak for RSS and from there his journey becomes more tougher. He use to wake up at 5.00 A.M and awake till midnight. Under RSS, he was the in-charge of Student Wing department which is better known is ABVP. His Organizing Skills makes him as the Organizer exemplar in 1980s. Various political leader impressed by his contribution towards Anti-emergency movement. This serves as an advantage for him, because immediately after this he become the regional organiser of Bhartiya Janata Party which was newly formed in Gujarat (Day and Sammons, 2013). He knows that Congress was his biggest competitor, but still he participates and achieve victory in Gujarat Assembly Election by 121 seats. In 1995, he was appointed as the National Secretary of BJP who looks into the activities of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. This makes a huge impact on his upcoming journey as the new chapter of his life has just opened.
Narendra Modi's Tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat
Mr. Modi declared Gujarat as 'Vibrant Gujarat' which claims rapid development in terms of overall economic growth and infrastructural development. Mr. Modi has started various initiatives in Gujarat which promotes women's education. According to the statistic report, Gujarat's morality rate and school drop out rate has been decreased by 10%. Under the rule of Modi, Gujarat dose not suffer from any problem related to mafia.
In his second term(2002-2007), Modi laid more emphasis on the development of economy. Mr. Modi instituted various financial and technology park which led to increase the revenue of the whole state.
Narendra Modi's Tenure as Prime Minister of India
Narendra Modi becomes the PM of India in September, 2014. Modi's main aim is to attain the supreme Governance with minimum involvement of Government. Under the dictatorship of Modi's government, 65 ministers operates different department of countries that generates profit and revenues for the entire nation. By making the size of his cabinet minister small, Modi is saving 125 crore which he can invest in developing the India. Modi is focusing on transforming developing India to developed India. Under the dictatorship of Modi, India has been emerged out biggest grosser of Foreign Direct Investment. Initiative such as “Make In India” has been implemented by the Narender Modi which focuses on boycotting the products of China.
Modi has also develop initiative programme in the infrastructure field as “Setu Bharatam’ Program” which laid emphasis on all national highways railway level crossing free by 2019. 208 rail over and under bridges develop under this scheme (Hallinger, 2011).
Under, Pradham Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) sum of Rs. 19,000 crores has been invested to connect all villages with roads.
Modi is focusing on bringing electricity to 18452 villages by Jan, 2018 which major impact the development of India (Wilson, 2011). Apart from this there are various others progressive programme launched by the Mr. Narendra Modi which are as follows:
Above mentioned are various schemes launched by Mr. Modi which contributes toward increasing the GDP and growth rate of economy. Modi also demonetise the 1000 and 500 Rs. Mahatma Gandhi series note which will crack down the use of counterfeit and illicit money that funds the illegal terrorism and activity (Klar and Brewer, 2013). In his ongoing tenure he has also visited couple of countries Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, USA, France, Russia, South Korea, Singapore and many more in order to establish relation with them which ultimately led to increase the overall growth India.
Leadership is defined as the ability of an individual to influence others. Leaders do not follow others but they help themselves as well as others to do right things and provide a right path to follow in order to accomplish the goals and objectives. Leaders set directions, creates an inspiring vision and develops something new. Mr. Narendra Modi have good leadership skills that helps them formulating strategies. He is seen as the master strategist for Bharatiya Janta Party. The leadership qualities of Mr. Modi helps him in making effective decisions and providing right directions to his team members so that they are able to serve nation with utmost enthusiasm and zeal.
Effective decisions of Modi ji promotes development and rapid growth of nation. He is visionary and thinks of future that assist him in mapping out the directions and guide their team members to right destination (Larsson, 2010). Mr. Modi motivates and encourage his team to engage with visions and achieve this. There are various leadership theories which emphasizes on attributes of leader and determine the behaviours that individuals can adopt to enhance their own abilities and qualities of leadership in different conditions. Some of these theories are as follows:
This theory is based on the traits of leader. It assumes that individuals inherit some qualities that make them suitable to leadership. The theory often determines particular behaviour or personality traits shared by leaders. These characteristics are not solely responsible to determine the successful or unsuccessful leader, but they are significantly seen as prerequisites that endow individuals with potential leadership. The core characteristics identified are integrity, honesty, self confidence, knowledge, cognitive ability etc. this theory makes the individual aware about their strengths & weaknesses so that they get understanding about how they can improve and develop leadership qualities.
This theory emphasizes on the behaviour of leaders. The theory describes leadership on the basis of what leaders do. As per this approach, leadership is the outcome of effective role behaviour. It is shown more by the action of person instead of his traits. The behaviour of leaders influence their performance (Mead, 2014). The belief on which the theory is based is that leaders are not born, but made. Behavioural theory emphasizes on the actions of leaders. According to this theory, through observation and teaching, individual can learn to become a leader.
This theory emphasizes on the variables that are related to surrounding that might identify which specific style of leadership is best suitable for the condition. As per this theory, there is no leadership style which is best suited in all situations. It was suggested that effective leadership is not only about the abilities and qualities of leader but, it is about compelling the balance between needs, context and behaviour. Good leaders have the ability to assess the requirements of their followers, get stock of condition and set their behaviours accordingly.
This theory defines that, the course of action choose by the leaders are based on situational variables. In some types of decision making, various leadership styles may be more suitable (Popescu and Predescu, 2016). For instance, in a particular condition where the leader is experienced and knowledgable group member, then might be authoritarian style is most appropriate and if members of group are skilled, might be democratic style is more effective. Different styles are required at various situations. An effective leadership needs the capability to adapt one's style according to the circumstances. The factors that identify adaptability is assessment of competence & commitment of followers of leader.
This theory defines that leadership is a procedure through which one person engages with other and are capable to develop a connection that leads to increased morality and motivation in both leader and followers. It is likened with charismatic leadership theory that adopt leaders with some qualities like, extroversion, clearly stated values, confidence are suitable to motivate followers. It is important for the leader to be attentive about the motives and needs of followers in order to assist them reach their highest potential.
Path goal theory
This theory states about the abilities of leaders to motivate their team members in order to accomplish the determined objectives (Törnsén, 2010). It hypothesize that leaders with effective leadership skills have the ability to enhance the motivation of their followers by elucidate the paths and eliminate barriers to high performance and needed objectives. The belief path goal theory is that individual will be more emphasized and motivated if they think they have the ability of high performance. The believe that their work is worthy and their efforts leads to desired outcomes.
On 8 November, 2016 Mr. Modi has announced the demonetisation of 500 and 1000 Rupees notes. This initiative was implemented in order to crack down the cash that is used for funding illegal activities in terms of terrorism. Mr. Modi has taken this initiative in to abort the black money and promote non-cash payments and digitization.
Initially it creates negative impact on the people because of its sudden implementation. It came up with a deadline to exchange old currency with a new one. But contrary, the supply of new currency was limited. In this initiative successful, Modi performed the role democratic and transformational leader. Involvement of other 65 ministers was their under this.
With this, Modi focuses on achieving long term objective by suffering a little in present. Other countries such as Australia, Pakistan, Soviet Union has also used demonetisation in their economy but the expected result was not in their favour. This is probably because, the PM of such countries are not executing effective leadership styles while implementing demonetisation. Pakistan former Prime Minister Shahid Khan demonetise the 5000 note in order to abort the effect of black money (MarchTschannen-Moran, 2014). But its result was not in the favour of Pakistan government as their PM believes that demonetisation would adversely affect the efficiency of exchange in trade and business. This is mainly because their PM was following autocratic leadership style.
In fact this reform failed in Soviet Union as well. As it results in increasing the inflation rate and reduce the confidence of public towards the government which brings political instability in the following country and led them to break into small countries such as Russia.
As per the above mentioned report, it has been concluded that leader is the person who have the ability to influence others and motivate them in order to accomplish the goals and objectives. Mr. Narendra Modi is a good leader and have good leadership skills as he plays his roles and responsibilities very effectively towards the development of the nation. True leader always play an effective role in their working so that they a country will going to maintain appropriate economical and social environment over there. True leader journey and its past background always support them and motivate them towards their working. Their experience is a best reflection of style which they usually adopt and promote.
Books and Journals
Baird, L. N., 2010. Colliding Scopes: Seeing Academic Library Leadership through a Lens of Complexity. ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, PO Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Dantley, M. E., 2010. Successful leadership in urban schools: Principals and critical spirituality, a new approach to reform. The Journal of Negro Education. pp.214-219.
Day, C. and Sammons, P., 2013. Successful Leadership: A Review of the International Literature. CfBT Education Trust. 60 Queens Road, Reading, RG1 4BS, England.
Guthrie, J. W. and Schuermann, P. J., 2010. Successful school leadership: Planning, politics, performance, and power. Allyn & Bacon.
Hallinger, P., 2011. Leadership for learning: Lessons from 40 years of empirical research. Journal of educational administration. 49(2). pp.125-142.
Klar, H. W. and Brewer, C. A., 2013. Successful leadership in high-needs schools: An examination of core leadership practices enacted in challenging contexts. Educational Administration Quarterly. 49(5). pp.768-808.
Larsson, J., 2010. Leadership for Quality, Effectiveness and Health (Doctoral dissertation, Mittuniversitetet).
Mead, G., 2014. Telling the Story: The Heart and Soul of Successful Leadership. John Wiley & Sons.
Popescu, G. H. and Predescu, V., 2016. The role of leadership in public health. American Journal of Medical Research. 3(1). pp.273-273.
Törnsén, M., 2010, March. Keys to successful leadership: High support for capable and versatile principals. In The Educational Forum (Vol. 74, No. 2, pp. 90-103). Taylor & Francis Group.
Tschannen-Moran, M., 2014. Trust matters: Leadership for successful schools. John Wiley & Sons.
Wilson, D. L., 2011. Successful Educational Leadership at High Performing Schools. Online Submission. 8(3). pp.393-398.
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