Introduction Of Successful Leadership Assignment Sample
Leader can be defined as a dominant person who strongly influences other people to proceed towards the attainment of objectives and goals. As the name defines, a Leader is the one who leads and pressurise the remaining to follow their path. A leader inspires and motivates others to achieve their target effectively and efficiently. Leaders critically evaluate the strength and weaknesses of a person and exhibit integrity, ethics and honesty. This report is based on Mr Narendra Damodar Das Modi, an effective Leader of India (Baird, 2010). This assignment also covers various Leadership Theories which the former Prime Minister of India has applied throughout its tenure.
a) Short Description of the Chosen Leader
In this report, the chosen Leader is Mr Narendra Damodar Das Modi, the Prime Minister of India. He is an Indian Politician who has currently held the position of 14th Prime Minister of India since May 2014. Mr Modi was born on 17 September 1950 in Vadnagar, just after the three years when India had achieved its Independence.
He possesses certain qualities of a leader from his childhood as he effectively manages his academic and non-academic life and still devotes extra time to run his Tea Stall. He works at Tea Stall, which his father owns, to meet their family expenses. He was very energetic, hard-working, and empathetic towards participating in debate (Dantley, 2010). His efficiency towards speaking in public and reading books imparts that he owns the qualities of becoming a good leader. At the age of 17, he left his home to travel across India. Initially, for two years, he explored different cultures and landscapes of India, which makes him clear or provides direction towards his aim. When he returned home, he was very clear about his future goals and objective.
After this, he went to Ahmedabad to join Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh(RSS). RSS is considered a National Voluntary Organisation that works towards achieving India's cultural and social reviving. Within a short time, he became the Pracharak for RSS, and from there, his journey became tougher. He used to wake up at 5.00 A.M and awake till midnight. Under RSS, he was the in-charge of the Student Wing department, which is better known is ABVP. His Organising Skills makes him the Organizer exemplar in the 1980s. Various political leaders were impressed by his contribution to the Anti-emergency movement. This serves as an advantage for him because immediately after this, he became the regional organiser of the Bhartiya Janata Party, which was newly formed in Gujarat (Day and Sammons, 2013). He knows that Congress was his biggest competitor, but he still participated and achieved victory in the Gujarat Assembly Election by 121 seats. In 1995, he was appointed as the National Secretary of BJP, who looks into the activities of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. This makes a huge impact on his upcoming journey as the new chapter of his life has just opened.
Narendra Modi's tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat
Mr Modi declared Gujarat as 'Vibrant Gujarat', which claims rapid development in terms of overall economic growth and infrastructural development. Mr Modi has started various initiatives in Gujarat which promotes women's education. According to the statistic report, Gujarat's morality and school dropout rates have decreased by 10%. Under the rule of Modi, Gujarat does not suffer from any problem related to the mafia.
In his second term(2002-2007), Modi emphasised the development of the economy. As a result, Mr Modi instituted various financial and technology parks, which led to an increase in the revenue of the whole state.
Narendra Modi's tenure as Prime Minister of India
Narendra Modi became the PM of India in September 2014. Modi's main aim is to attain supreme Governance with minimum involvement of the Government. Under the dictatorship of Modi's Government, 65 ministers operate a different department of countries that generates profit and revenues for the entire nation. By making the size of his cabinet minister small, Modi is saving 125 crores which he can invest in developing India. Modi is focusing on transforming developing India to developed India. Under the dictatorship of Modi, India has emerged as our biggest grosser of Foreign Direct Investment. An initiative such as "Make In India" has been implemented by Narendra Modi, which focuses on boycotting the products of China.
Modi has also developed an initiative programme in the infrastructure field as the "Setu Bharatam' Program", which emphasised all national highways railway level crossing free by 2019. 208 rail over and under bridges develop under this scheme (Hallinger, 2011).
Under, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) sum of Rs. 19,000 crores have been invested in connecting all villages with roads.
Modi is focusing on bringing electricity to 18452 villages by Jan 2018, which will major impact the development of India (Wilson, 2011). Apart from this, there is various other progressive programme launched by Mr Narendra Modi, which are as follows:
MUDRA Bank Yojana
Atal Pension Yojana
Suraksha Bima Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
Krishi Sinchai Yojana
Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
Modi's Sagar Mala
LPG Subsidy Pahal Scheme and Ujwala yojana
Gold Monetization Scheme
The above mentioned are various schemes launched by Mr Modi, which contributes to increasing the economy's GDP and growth rate. Modi also demonetises the 1000 and 500 Rs. Mahatma Gandhi series note will crackdown on counterfeit and illicit money that funds the illegal terrorism and activity (Klar and Brewer, 2013). In his ongoing tenure, he has also visited a couple of countries, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, USA, France, Russia, South Korea, Singapore and many more, to establish relations with them which ultimately led to an increase in the overall growth of India.
b) Evaluation of choice of leader in respect to approaches, theories, models and concepts
Leadership is defined as the ability of an individual to influence others. Leaders do not follow others, but they help themselves and others to do the right things and provide the right path to follow to accomplish the goals and objectives. Leaders set directions, create an inspiring vision and develops something new. Mr Narendra Modi has good leadership skills that help them formulate strategies. He is seen as the master strategist for Bharatiya Janta Party. The leadership qualities of Mr Modi helps him in making effective decisions and providing the right directions to his team members so that they can serve the nation with utmost enthusiasm and zeal.
Effective decisions of Modi ji promote the development and rapid growth of the nation. He is visionary and thinks of the future that assist him in mapping out the directions and guiding their team members to the right destination (Larsson, 2010). Mr Modi motivates and encourages his team to engage with visions and achieve this. Various leadership theories emphasise on attributes of a leader and determine the behaviours that individuals can adopt to enhance their abilities and qualities of leadership in different conditions. Some of these theories are as follows:
This theory is based on the traits of a leader. It assumes that individuals inherit some qualities that make them suitable for leadership. The theory often determines particular behaviour or personality traits shared by leaders. These characteristics are not solely responsible for determining the successful or unsuccessful leader, but they are significantly seen as prerequisites that endow individuals with potential leads. The core characteristics identified are integrity, honesty, self-confidence, knowledge, cognitive ability etc. this theory makes the individual aware of their strengths & weaknesses so that they understand how they can improve and develop leadership qualities.
This theory emphasises the behaviour of leaders. The theory describes leadership based on what leaders do. As per this approach, leadership is the outcome of effective role behaviour. The person's actions show it more instead of his traits. The behaviour of leaders influences their performance (Mead, 2014). The belief on which the theory is based is that leaders are not born but made. The behavioural theory emphasises the actions of leaders. According to this theory, an individual can learn to become a leader through observation and teaching.
This theory emphasises the surrounding variables that might identify which specific leadership style is best suited for the condition. As per this theory, no leadership style is best suited in all situations. It was suggested that effective leadership is not only about a leader's abilities and qualities but also about compelling the balance between needs, context, and behaviour. Good leaders can assess the requirements of their followers, get stock of conditions and set their behaviours accordingly.
This theory defines that the course of action chosen by the leaders is based on situational variables. In some types of decision making, various leadership styles may be more suitable (Popescu and Predescu, 2016). For instance, in a particular condition where the leader is an experienced and knowledgable group member, then might be authoritarian style is most appropriate, and if members of the group are skilled, might be democratic style may be more effective. Different styles are required in various situations. Effective leadership needs the capability to adapt one's style according to the circumstances. The factors that identify adaptability is an assessment of competence & commitment of followers of the leader.
This theory defines that leadership is a procedure through which one person engages with others and are capable of developing a connection that leads to increased mortality and motivation in both leader and followers. It is likened with charismatic leadership theory that adopts leaders with some qualities like extroversion, clearly stated values, confidence is suitable to motivate followers. The leader needs to be attentive to the motives and needs of followers to assist them in reaching their highest potential.
Path goal theory
This theory states the abilities of leaders to motivate their team members to accomplish the determined objectives (Törnsén, 2010). It hypothesises that leaders with effective leadership skills can enhance the motivation of their followers by elucidating the paths and eliminating barriers to high performance and needed objectives. The belief path-goal theory is that individuals will be more emphasised and motivated if they think they have the high-performance ability. The belief is that their work is worthy, and their efforts lead to desired outcomes.
c) Evaluate how the chosen leader apply his skills and knowledge in a given situation as compared to others Leaders
On 8 November 2016, Mr Modi has announced the demonetisation of 500 and 1000 Rupees notes. This initiative was implemented to crack down on the cash used to fund illegal activities in terms of terrorism. Mr Modi has taken this initiative to abort the black money and promote non-cash payments and digitisation.
Initially, it negatively impacts the people because of its sudden implementation. It came up with a deadline to exchange old currency with a new one. On but contrary, the supply of new currency was limited. In this initiative successful, Modi performed the role of a democratic and transformational leader. The involvement of the other 65 ministers was there under this.
With this, Modi focuses on achieving long term objectives by suffering a little in the present. Other countries such as Australia, Pakistan, Soviet Union has also used demonetisation in their economy, but the expected result was not in their favour. This is probably because the PMs of such countries are not executing effective leadership styles while implementing demonetisation. For example, Pakistan former Prime Minister Shahid Khan demonetise the 5000 note to abort the effect of black money (MarchTschannen-Moran, 2014). But its result was not in favour of the Pakistan government as their PM believes that demonetisation would adversely affect exchange efficiency in trade and business. This is mainly because their PM was following an autocratic leadership style.
This reform failed in the Soviet Union. Instead, it increased the inflation rate and reduced the public's confidence towards the Government, which brought political instability in the following country and led them to break into small countries such as Russia.
As per the report mentioned above, it has been concluded that a leader is a person who can influence others and motivate them to accomplish their goals and objectives. Mr Narendra Modi is a good leader and has good leadership skills as he plays his roles and responsibilities very effectively towards the nation's development. A true leader always plays an effective role in their work so that a country will maintain an appropriate economic and social environment over there. True leaders' journey and past background always support them and motivate them towards their work. Their experience is the best reflection of the style they usually adopt and promote.
Books and Journals
Baird, L. N., 2010. Colliding Scopes: Seeing Academic Library Leadership through a Lens of Complexity. ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, PO Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106.
Dantley, M. E., 2010. Successful leadership in urban schools: Principals and critical spirituality, a new approach to reform. The Journal of Negro Education. pp.214-219.
Day, C. and Sammons, P., 2013. Successful Leadership: A Review of the International Literature. CfBT Education Trust. 60 Queens Road, Reading, RG1 4BS, England.
Guthrie, J. W. and Schuermann, P. J., 2010. Successful school leadership: Planning, politics, performance, and power. Allyn & Bacon.
Hallinger, P., 2011. Leadership for learning: Lessons from 40 years of empirical research. Journal of educational administration. 49(2). pp.125-142.
Klar, H. W. and Brewer, C. A., 2013. Successful leadership in high-needs schools: An examination of core leadership practices enacted in challenging contexts. Educational Administration Quarterly. 49(5). pp.768-808.
Larsson, J., 2010. Leadership for Quality, Effectiveness and Health (Doctoral dissertation, Mittuniversitetet).
Mead, G., 2014. Telling the Story: The Heart and Soul of Successful Leadership. John Wiley & Sons.
Popescu, G. H. and Predescu, V., 2016. The role of leadership in public health. American Journal of Medical Research. 3(1). pp.273-273.
Törnsén, M., 2010, March. Keys to successful leadership: High support for capable and versatile principals. The Educational Forum (Vol. 74, No. 2, pp. 90-103). Taylor & Francis Group.
Tschannen-Moran, M., 2014. Trust matters: Leadership for successful schools. John Wiley & Sons.
Klar, H. and A. Brewer, C., 2014. Successful leadership in a rural, high-poverty school: the case of County Line Middle School. Journal of Educational Administration. 52(4). pp.422-445.
Wilson, D. L., 2011. Successful Educational Leadership at High Performing Schools. Online Submission. 8(3). pp.393-398.