This report discusses about managing human capital and leadership inside the organisation and the role HR manager plays inside in company. These managers implement various policies and practices so as to control the work of whole organisation in an efficient manner. Various models and approaches are applied by the HR manager and helps in achieving the goals and objectives of organisation. In NANDO'S online method of recruiting and selection are being used by the managers so as to recruit and select skilled candidate so that they can contribute in the working of the company. These approaches are very effective in achieving the long term goals and objectives of the company in shorter period. They are also allowed to use various kinds of motivational theories and leadership models so that the employees are guided in an appropriate manner.
Employees are considered as backbone of organisation because without them the company will not be able to conduct their operations. Because of their hard work and contribution, companies are able to achieve their goals and objectives. Therefore companies tries to motivate their employees to learn new skills sop that they are able ton increase the productivity of organisation (Alpkan and et. al., 2010). Human capital is defined as factors which collectively has skills, attributes, knowledge of employees which helps them in performing well in the company and increasing their and company's productivity as well.
Managing human capital is considered as the main role of HR department as these are employees are the most important asset for the company and if they are effective then it will be very beneficial for the company. The company that has been referred in this report is NANDO'S. It is an international dining restaurant in MALTA, South Africa. This report will discuss about various approaches and models of the business organisation and the recruitment process and selection process made by them as well. Along with this various approaches of HRD and its measures of improvement , theories of motivation, characteristics of effective leader will also be discussed.
The whole report is divided into five tasks through which the ways in which the HR manager manages the human capital of the company will be understood. They will discuss about the structure followed by them so as to motivate the employees to perform in an appropriate manner.
NANDO'S was launched by Dick Enthoven at Johannesburg, South Africa, Malta in 1987. It is considered as a private casual dining industry all over the world. They are having around 1000 outlets in more than 30 cities. They are having their specialisation in Portuguese style chicken dishes with various Peri-Peri marinades. They provide various eating alternatives like late night dinner, Brunch, Lunch and they are also providing few different services like; serves Alcohol, free Wi-Fi, Take-out, Waitstaff, Seating, Highchairs Available and other facilities. The quality of their products and services are really good and that is why they have made their place so easily in the market. They are also having a strong advertisement channel; through which they try to reach out the people .
At NANDO'S, they are having implementing all kinds of HR opractuicde4s but with the sudden increase in the competition , they now require to revitalise their HR policies so that they can stay in then competition and does not loose their market share as well. There are various models and approaches that can be implemented by HR managers of NANDO'S so as to gain their efficiency back.
Models and Approaches :
The primary objective of NANDO'S is to provide quality products and services to its customers so that the customers are satisfied and come again. The HR manager of NANDO'S is having the responsibility to design and implement best HR strategies for the company and also to select the HRM model that suits best to the company so that NANDO'S work is completed in an effective and efficient manner. It is a very important responsibility so HR manager should complete this with full dedication so that the company might not suffer in future (Andrews and Boyne, 2010). All these HR strategies are very helpful in improving the performance of employees.
There are basically three types of HR model which are used by NANDOS while doing their business operations which are:
In order to manage the employees in an effective manner, it is required by the HR manager that they recruit the employees who are skilled and competent. Recruitment and selection process is a very important process in Human resource department (Buller and McEvoy, 2012). So, in this the HR manager plays a very important role as they are the only one that recruits and selects the employee who are skilled and competent. Here, the HR manager can recruit the employees internally as well externally so that the employees feel better and work in a more comfortable manner. The people who are working in Human resource department of NANDO'S is given the responsibility to search, knowledgable and talented candidates as per the requirements of the position available this will help them in recruiting the employee who is best for the position. But if they want to encourage the present employees as well so they can go for internal methods of recruitment as well (Burgoyne, 2012).
In NANDO'S , the HR managers are following this technique only as they are searching for perfect candidate both inside and outside the company. In fact, both these approaches are highly effective as they will give results that will be beneficial for company only. Here at NANDO'S, the management is providing online recruitment system like taking help of various job portals like Naukri.com, indeed.com etc. In this process, all candidates who wants to apply for job can submits their curriculum vitae by online activity. Through this process they will get more option to select the best candidate for the job. This will be a very beneficial process for NANDO'S as they will be able to save their time as well as cost and along with this more options are also available for them. The whole process associated with it as follows:-
Listing Jobs on organisation Websites: This is considered as a first step in the online recruitment process. Here, the company have to registered online job site like Naukri.com and then list the positions that are vacant in the company so that the desired candidates can apply for the job through the site. This will save their hiring cost which they might have occurred if they have recruited externally.
Posting jobs online: Here, management will post the position that are left vacant in the company along with the details that are required to be known before applying for the job. There are various options that are held by the company to post the jobs online like Monster, linked in etc.
Using LinkedIn: NANDO'S has selected Linked In to post their vacant position in the online sector. It is a highly used job website which is authenticated as well and chances of frauds here is very less. So, after posting the job on Linked In, the candidate's may apply for the said position. Here, NANDO'S have more chances to get best employee for the company.
Social recruiting:It is an another platform that is being used widely in the current recruiting market (Caza and et. al., 2010). In this the companies takes help pf various social media sites so as to find their desired candidates. Since NANDO'S is also searching for skilled employee, so they may go for Twitter.
Job application process: From this step, finally the process of recruitment and selection is actually started. Here, firstly the applications received by company is shortlisted and then the selected people are called for the test where there skills will be tested. After scrutinising employees from here, the final selected candidates are called for the interview process.
Interview process: Here, the candidates are called for the interview and asked questions from which their skills and knowledge will be judged. After this , if the employee is selected then they are given the job letter (Coff and Kryscynski, 2011).
Hiring Process: In this step, the HR manager is required to check the backgrounds of the employees who are finally selected and their medical examination is also done.
Employee Motivation: In this NANDO'S can motivate the employee to work with their full potential so that they can get promotion in the company and achieve the goals of the company as well. So, while doing promotion they can make use of internal method of communication.
Provide training and development program: The management of NANDO'S should provide effective training programmes for its workers so that they can enhance their skills and capabilities. This will be beneficial for company as they will not have to conduct external recruitment process.
Human resource development can be defined as a process that is considered as very important for the employees who are working in the company. Through this process, the employees gets the opportunities to develop their skills and knowledge which they can use to perform their work in more effective manner (Dalakoura, 2010). The various activities that are included in Human resource department are employee training, career development, tuition assistance, mentoring, coaching, succession planing etc.
There are various approaches that are used by HR managers in order to develop the human-resource. In NANDO'S , the HR manager is required to use an approach that suits the best fir the employees of the company. This will help them in completing their work in more effective manner and completing the goals as soon as possible. NANDO'S is spending approx 30% of ots revenue on its workers. The various methods described as follows:-
STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE FRAMEWORK APPROACH – This is considered as one of the mostly used approach in which various strategies related to business is applied so as to increase the capabilities of business. This framework was propounded by Ulrich and Lake. It considers the practices of HRD as one of its main elements. Here, they aim to take advantage of various HRD practices so as to increase the productivity of company and for this the employees are trained well so that they perform in an good manner (Dimov, 2010).
INTEGRATIVE FRAMEWORK – This approach is also following the same footsteps of Strategic HRM approach as here also the main focus is on implementing good HRD practices so as to improve the performance of business organisation. The three paths that are considered are; Building capabilities of organisation, improving satisfaction of employees, shaping needs of individual. They are having a full focus on developing the whole system of Human resource inside the company.
HUMAN CAPITAL APPRAISAL APPROACH - The main focus of this approach is on employees as they are only considered as the main assets of the company. This approach was propounded by Friendman in 1998. In this, the approach is divided into five stages which are; Clarification of stage, Assessment stage, Design stage, Implementation stage, Monitoring stage. NANDO'S can make use of this approach to get various types of benefits like recruitment, retention, rewards and performance management, career development, succession training & planning. It is very essential for companies to follow all these stages so as to retain the employees in the company for longer period of time.
PCMM APPROACH – It is called as People Capability Maturity Model and this approach was mainly built for the companies that is dealing in software. But the way they are applied, it can provide benefit to every organisation. Here, the management will try to develop and motivate the employees so that they do not leave the organisation and benefit the company as well. It is also said that each of the maturity level is consisting several key process areas that help in identifying cluster related work practice (Gates and Langevin, 2010).
INTEGRATED SYSTEM APPROACH – It is considered as a very effective approach that can be used by NANDO'S so as to effectively design and implement Human resource development system. It showcases that strategies are applied in the initial process and are having focus to achieve goals and objectives. Here, most of the elements of human capital approach is used.
HRD SCORE CARD APPROACH – It is also a very effective approach as it provides a link between the Work of HR department and goals and objectives of company. It basically says that all the practices of HR that are applied should be mature and beneficial in terms of skills and competencies (Guest, 2011). Managers of NANDO'S can make use of score card so as to measure their effectiveness and efficiencies in producing employee behaviour which will help in achieving goals of company.
SCOPE OF IMPROVEMENT : There is always a scope of improvement in every case. At NANDO'S also, they are having various facilities that can be improved by them so as to provide good services to the company. They can also re form new plans and policies for the company so that they can achieve their long term goals and objectives of the company.
There are various scope to improvement in business performance such as promotion, job rotation, understudy, mentoring and task evaluation. All these approaches are effective so as to bring growth and success to the company. Out of all this, Promotion is considered as the mos effective tool so as to encourage the employees to work in a more better manner (Gutiérrez, Hilborn and Defeo, 2011).
Employees are considered as main asset for every company. Through their contribution only the organisation is able to deliver the products and services to their customers. Thus it becomes an essential duty of company to take care of their employees so that they do not face any kind of issues and helps in achieving the goals and objectives of the company. For giving good results, the employees are required to be motivated so that they do their work with more dedication and hard work (Jiang and et. al., 2012). So, NANDO'S is also required to implement various motivational programmes inside the organisation so as to motivate the employees and improve the image of the company in market as well. Some of the theories are:-
Proposing Hybrid Theory for NANDOS:
It is considered as a combination of theories. Since there are various kinds of employees working in company so company cannot apply same theory to motivate all of its employees (Makri and Scandura, 2010). Since NANDO'S is into hospitality segment so they are required to all of their customers in an equal manner and if they will do any kind of discrimination then it will be illegal. The employee are required to serve the customers in their best manner so that they are able to generate good revenue for the organisation. So, NANDO'S are required to make use of equity theory and Maslow's theory so that they can achieve their goals in shorter period of time.
Source: Maslow's need theory, 2018
It is required for every company to have effective and efficient leaders so that they ca train and guide the employees so that they can perform in their most effective manner (Nyberg and et. al., 2014). The leaders are required to be very skilled and knowledgable because then only they will be able to guide the employees in most effective manner. If an organisation is successful in market then the main reason behind it can be leadership (Ployhart and Moliterno, 2011). So, NANDO'S is also required to have a good and efficient leader who are having good calibre and knowledge which can be used by them to train the staff members. There are some characteristics that a leader must posses, they are:-
Model of leadership:
There are several models of leadership that are applied in various organisations so as to achieve their goals and objectives (Stevens, 2010). NANDO'S can also implement various models of leadership in their organisation so as to motivate the employees and guide them in more effective manner. These models are :-
From the above report, it can be concluded that management of human capital and leadership is very important in the company as because of this only they will be able to give good results to the company. HR managers are required to design good strategies for recruitment and selection so that only skilled and efficient employees are recruited. After recruiting them, HR manager is required to provide appropriate guidance to the employees so that they are able to perform well in the company and achieve their individual targets as well. This report discussed about various approaches of HR strategies and selection. It has also covered various models of leadership and characteristics required in a leader.
Books and Journal:
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