Developing Teaching, Learning & Assessment In Education & Training Assignment

Teaching through Piaget, Bruner, and Vygotsky theories, creative approaches, and inclusive practices for 21st-century education.

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Developing Teaching, Learning & Assessment In Education & Training Assignment

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Task A

Analysis of the application of the pedagogical principle

Pedagogic theories Description Diagrammatic representations
Piaget theory Piaget mainly emphasizes four major stages for making learning effective. This theory at primary scales focuses on sensorimotor intelligence and concrete operational thinking (Sekandi, 2022). Moreover, Piaget only focuses on preoperational reflection and the formal operational stage to ensure students get better knowledge through visuals. (Source: Hofstetter and Schneuwly, 2022)
Bruner theory Bruner's theory focuses on three modes of representation Enactive representation, Iconic representation and Symbolic representation. Enactive representation ensures learning by participation in real life through kinaesthetic learning. Iconic and symbolicrepresentations,on the other hand, help us learn through symbols and visuals (Hofstetter and Schneuwly, 2022). These are the best patterns of teaching in case the focus is onteaching people who belong to divergent cultural and language backgrounds. This theory moreover ensures built knowledge by facilitating problem-solving and critical thinking skills through scaffolded learning. (Source: Dartsch et al. 2021)
Vygotsky theory Vygotsky learning pedagogy emphasises interaction patterns and brain capacity while teaching specific topics. This pedagogy only ensures students should interact in a pattern which seems to be transparent while working in groups by adhering to shared outcomes (Deepika et al. 2021). Furthermore, this pedagogy ensures the tone of the peach should be higher while instructing a larger group of audience. (Source: Koh, 2019)

Evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of creative and innovative approaches

Innovation and knowledge enhancement are core essentials for the development process of the education industry. Persistent innovation is, hence, crucial for every teaching system. The skill set to think differently and come up with innovative ideas is preliminary element thatneeds to be present among the students of the 21st century. Education innovation facilitates students and mandates teachers to be farsighted to research, analyze, and use multiple approaches to come up with unexplored ideas. However, as stated by Dartsch (2020), creativity is also an important parameter necessary for coming up with newer patterns of learning and researching advanced topics in specific subject segments. It moreover, contributes to enhancing the overall teaching quality by catalyzing students to think beyond the box, and enabling them to solve complex problems. Moreover, creativity only ensures the university gives space and encourages teachers to come up with better teaching paradigms that can help improve the education system. Moreover, creativity only ensures students must study continually and apply their learning in real life while they attend vocational education courses.

Practice in inclusive teaching and learning taking account of theories, principles and models

  • Behaviourism theory: Behaviourism theory ensures knowledge must be transferred start from trainers to learners from a response to the correct stimulus. This theory only ensures students are passive participants who must emphasize the information stated by teachers as an element of stimulus-response.
  • Cognitivism theory: Cognitivism theory concentrates on the way information is acquired, organized, reserved and recovered by the mind. It utilizes the mind as a knowledge processor, like a computer. This theory only ensures teaching in such a pattern which seems best feasible with
  • Constructivism theory: Constructivism is the approach that conveys learners assembling knowledge instead of passively inheriting the information (Koh, 2019). This theory only ensures receivers must incorporate new knowledge into their pre-existing knowledge by reflecting on their real experiences while applying this knowledge.
  • Pedagogy learning model: The pedagogy learning model ensures stringent focus on the learning cycle and breaks into five domains or phases of instruction "engage, explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate."
  • Andragogy learning model: Andragogy theory developed by Malcolm Knowles is established on self-directed and autonomous learning methods for learners.

Core elements can be demonstrated in planning, delivering and assessing inclusive teaching and learning

Core elements in a "Certificate or Diploma in Education and Training" are literacy, language, numeracy and ICT. Literacy enables students to develop proper knowledge of punctuation, grammar and spelling. Language and Numeracy elements direct learners to develop proper listening, speaking, interpretation, and evaluation skills. ICT enables students to become experts in VLE (Virtual Learning Environment), and new technology, and create resources, word processors and spreadsheets usage (Baran and AlZoubi, 2020). Moreover, adhering to core elements, learners should derive ways they can best teach a subject. The major objective behind this is the development of their learners’ skills and directs them in the right pathways.

Task B

Analyze Skinner, Kounin, and Rogers' theories of behavior management

Useful behavior management is dependent on the teacher's capacity to successfully create a well-managed, organized classroom and its environment because of which learning can take place easily. For teachers, behaviors, and attention cross can be challenging by teaching a number of children with different types of needs from their education. A good environment in the classroom is very important to fulfill children's learning possibilities because on condition the that disputes and poor behavior in the classroom turn down the ability of children in their concentration and observation which,children will not able be to develop their knowledge at the right age and teachers also feel stress.

According to Skinner, people will most likely take part in wanted conduct whether they are positively strengthened for doing so, and rewards are most successful on the condition that they immediately follow the wanted reaction. Skinner taught that students learn the best when taught by positive argumentation and that students should be attached in the process and not simply submissive listeners. The theory states that students who are taught by punishment learn only how they can avoid punishment. Maximum research related to behavior management was described by Skinner where the theory introduced the concept of argumentation on controlling to change disruptive desirable behavior in a person. The theory believed that a desirable learning result is possible whether an educational organization can change the learner's behavior (Rafi et al. 2020).

Kounin was a classroom management theorist and an educational psychologist, The author was popular for his work in the 1970s. According to him, the mass educational researchers sighted instruction and discipline as the two most different adjustable of education which were not related to each other in any way. His work joined the concepts of instruction and discipline which put forward that the two entities were not separate, and dependent upon one another. Kounin became an observer to notice important teacher behaviors that dangerously impact on happened of misbehavior in students (Adjei et al. 2019). After some years of research, the author takes the help of five terms to symbolize the actions of teachers who create a huge difference in averting student behavior which include with-it-ness, momentum, overlapping, smoothness, and group alerting.

Rogers'stheory describes that teachers should make students accountable for their own behavioral choices by encouraging and supporting them. The author figures out various obstructive strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors and to provide training to students in the development of their suitable behavior for their future.Rogers'stheory believes that discipline plays an important role in leadership in the classroom and students should follow it, this theory of personality involves self-image. The concept of personality development help to develop self-image in front of people in society and this concept is defined as an organized consistent set of defined about oneself (Bhoite et al. 2019).

Own practice in an inclusive teaching and learning environment taking account of behavior management theories

Own practice can help to create and maintain safety in overall learning, which helps to develop learning skills easily because it helps to create a better environment of learning where students and teachers can both develop their skills in their field. Inclusive learning means in the right way which can help to develop ideas and knowledge related to the topic and it also respects the diversity of students. It helps students to enable take part in their learning and also helps to fulfill their possibilities in learning in the development of their self-image in front of society where it helps to develop ideas and knowledge (Nilholm, 2021). For the own practice in inclusive teaching, the organization should provide a safe space where they can develop their learning, so for own practice in inclusive teaching, they have to follow evidence-based strategies which provide direction to teachers to develop their teaching practices to support the introduction of students with various range of strengths and abilities. Strategies play a relevant role in the development of students' knowledge, for which teachers have to provide routine and structure for learning by creating a consistent routine and keeping changing tasks on a daily basis. They should prepare their students forface challenges in changes in routine and also motivate them by providing information about how they can face challenges and resolve them. They also provide a visual schedule to let them know about upcoming changes and be prepared from the start. They also provide a safe space for students by providing a quiet area, a sensitive environment, encouragement, and guiding learning, and behavior in positive regard and support for students, Thishelps students in the development of their strength and capacity in any difficult situation (Mehta and Aguilera, 2020).

Task D

Delivery of inclusive teaching and learning alliances with theories, principles, and models of learning and communication

To deliver inclusive teaching, teachers must make some suitable changes so all children can learn in accordance with their ability to learn for which teachers should have the knowledge of how they can provide better training to students. The delivery of inclusive teaching is based on some strategies which are reflected in assumptions about students, avoiding ignoring or singling out students to speak for an overall group, building staff-student and student rapport, designing and facilitating effective groups, setting explicit expectations for students, and conduct a prior knowledge assessment (Demchenko et al. 2021). These strategies help teachers to inclusive teaching to students by which students can develop their thoughts and learning methods for the development of their knowledge and also create a good relationship between students and teachers, It helps to the development of the organization and also gets more students in the future.

Learning can be easier by following theories, models of learning, and principles because theories help to provide information about which type of teaching methods should follow to provide a better environment of learning where they can learn about how they can face challenges and resolution related to the challenge (Dally et al. 2019). Communication also plays an important role in the development of the organization and also helps to create a good relationship between teachers and students who appreciate the importance of language, which helps to develop the learning process. They also work to overcome the barriers to communication by communicating one thing on time and checking whether it is a good time and place to communicate or not, which is very important and helps to develop a good relationship.

Own assessment practice has taken account of theories, models, and principles of assessment

Own assessment practice organization with the help of theories, principles, and models of assessment, with the use of assessment methods that help to ensure that students have finished and understand materials that help to provide knowledge about suitable contexts. The theories, models, and principles of assessment used in assessing learning are a method of obtaining students' previous knowledge to undertake and also allow the teacher to use the information to resolve their issues of teaching (Andrade and Brookhart, 2020). These help to provide information about which types of methods they should follow to provide a better environment for learning where they can develop their knowledge. Teaching theories help teachers to understand the process of how they can learn with students facing any type of difficulties. With the use of different types of learning methods, teachers can develop more extensive learning strategies where they can develop their knowledge and also be able to find success in their education and their life (Panadero et al. 2019).

Effectiveness of own practices in planning, delivering and assessing inclusive teaching and learning

Concrete learning

I believe that Piaget's learning theory seems to be an important theory that can assist me to think in an abstract manner by manipulating ideas. Moreover, this can only ensure the learning is effective while the student is employed for vocational courses. Moreover, in my opinion, Bruner's theory is another major theory which directs professionals to learn through experiential learning and scaffolded learning. This kind of learning only helps the student to get an idea of specific knowledge that seems applicable during their course. Vygotsky learning theory is another major theory that seems applicable to enhancing cognitive development and learning ability going through social interactions. However,Strom and Viesca (2021) states, behavioural management models relating to Skinner, Kounin, and Rogers also seem to be helpful for students in inclusive teaching and learning. Skinner's behavioural management model ensures motivation readers by stating that positive behaviour seems rewarding and negative behaviour can act as impediments in the path of learning (Onishchuk et al. 2020). On the other hand, the Kounin model ensures learners must eradicate negative habits and traits from their personality for higher motivations and come up with better ideas. Moreover, for better learning, focus on Roger is also necessary for anticipating awareness, and interest in specific subject domains.

Reflective observation

As per my reflective observation, Piaget's learning theory is helpful in suggesting ways students be allied with experiential learning, multi sensory models and concrete operational learning. Furthermore,Anderson (2020) states, Bruner’s is another major form of theory that aids in better learning while deployed in vocational courses. This can help me learn through actions, symbols and active participation while studying specific subject topics during vocational education courses. Furthermore, as per observation, this can help learners develop new knowledge upon the knowledge they've earlier learned. This acts as further help for me to adopt newer skill sets that I feel to be necessary while applying those skills in real life.

Vygotsky learning paradigm is another major form of paradigm that seems applicable while learning and knowledge development (Zainuddin et al. 2019). This learning theory acts as a helpful application of the concept of engagement-based learning and shared outcome-based learning principles. However Marshet al. (2019) states, Skinner’s behaviour model is another teaching model that ensures there must be an efficacious connection between teaching and "classroom management". On the other hand, the Kounin model can only act to help me gain rewards from their learning and uncover newer ideas relating to the subject. Sameway Roger can only act as help in directing me to find where I can implement specific topic knowledge.

Abstract conceptualization

Piaget's learning theory only acts to help develop mastery of specific subjects by continually exploring specific subjects. This only makes learning effective and helps the student learn something from their classes. Moreover, Bruner's theory also helps in ensuring students should be taught multiple subjects not, a single subject that emphasizes students retaining power. This theory only ensures students get the best learning and are actively engaged (Hawari and Noor, 2019). Moreover, Vygotsky's theory also seems to help to develop the cognitive features of brains through streamlined interactions. Skinner's theory on,,other hand ensures, learners comprehend best in case they are taught by being engaged in the study process. This is the theory that seems most applicable to driving the attention of listeners and making them retain topic concepts. Kounin's model and Roger's Model also seem applicable to ensure proper teaching management and derive what major values gained from those learning .

Active experimentation

As per my active experimentation, Piaget, Vygotsky's and Bruner's theories are very helpful in making me learn the topic role and their concepts in a better manner. However, the major area where these theories seem to lack is to state future challenges that may arise from cultural and colonial relationships factors. Furthermore, these theories lack focus on the practical difficulty areas when a teacher is to notice the development of all students in classrooms.

On another hand, Skinner, Kounin and Roger state there must be better management and positive mindsets for better learning (Ananga, 2020). However, these theories do not focus on driving students' interest in learning by reinforcing their behaviour. These are the reasons at present a newer framework of Tactile Learning needs deployment for elevated learning. This education method applies to online classes, where the instructor demonstrates a movement and learners rehearse from their homes. Furthermore, Flipped Classroom learning is another major form of learning method that enables students to learn beforehand to get a better understanding of topics.

Analysis of ways to improve the practice of planning, delivering and assessing inclusive teaching and learning

Collaborative learning is considered to be an umbrella term that suggests project or action where trainees need to work together (Davey et al. 2019). An assignment plan based on "collaborative learning" enables building practical soft skills such as teamwork, decision-making, delegation, time management, and collaboration.

'Game-based education" is pretty much more interesting than the phrase describes that is utilising games as part of the education process. Games seem to be a component of active learning and are especially engaging in classroom teaching and home-based teaching model (Rasulova, 2020). Role-playing games can be part of the syllabus to ensure the learning environment becomes entertaining, and learning becomes an adventure.

"Competency-based learning" can also be utilized by teachers to employ learner assessments and hands-on assignments to confirm the learner has performed the desired learning goals and is suited to move on to an advanced rank of difficulty (Santos et al. 2019). Moreover, this can be termed as a model of learning, adjusting the basis of the learner's performance.

References

Journals

Adjei, E., Nyamekye, F., Britwum, F. and Donkor, I.T. 2019, International Journal of Humanities and Education Research. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Francis-Britwum-2/publication/355731440_Relationship_between_teacher's_self-efficacy_and_classroom_management_practices_in_the_Kwahu_West_Junior_High_School/links/617b75640be8ec17a942571d/Relationship-between-teachers-self-efficacy-and-classroom-management-practices-in-the-Kwahu-West-Junior-High-School.pdf

Ananga, P., 2020. Pedagogical Considerations of E-Learning in Education for Development in the Face of COVID-19. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), pp.310-321.

Anderson, V., 2020. A digital pedagogy pivot: re-thinking higher education practice from an HRD perspective. Human Resource Development International, 23(4), pp.452-467.

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Onishchuk, I., Ikonnikova, M., Antonenko, T., Kharchenko, I., Shestakova, S., Kuzmenko, N. and Maksymchuk, B., 2020. Characteristics of foreign language education in foreign countries and ways of applying foreign experience in pedagogical universities of Ukraine. Revista Romaneasca Pentru Educatie Multidimensionala, 12(3), pp.44-65.

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